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地球科学进展  2015, Vol. 30 Issue (9): 996-1005    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2015.09.0996
综述与评述     
基于生态工程的海岸带全球变化适应性防护策略
张华, 韩广轩, 王德, 薛钦昭, 骆永明
中国科学院烟台海岸带研究所海岸带灾害与全球变化研究中心,山东烟台 264003
Ecological Engineering Based Adaptive Coastal Defense Strategy to Global Change
Zhang Hua, Han Guangxuan, Wang De, Xue Qinzhao, LuoYongming
Coastal Hazard and Global Change Research Center, Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yantai 264003, Shandong, China
 全文: PDF(1987 KB)  
摘要:

在全球变化导致的海平面上升和灾害性气候等压力下,我国海岸带风暴潮、海岸侵蚀、地面沉降等灾害发生频率和强度正在增加,对海岸防护体系的需求日益提高。传统海岸防护工程维护成本高,更新困难,而且可能造成地面沉降、水质恶化、生态退化、渔业资源衰退等后果。基于生态工程的海岸防护提供了抵御海岸带灾害的新理念。修复和重建沙滩、红树林、沼泽湿地、珊瑚礁等海岸带生态系统,可以起到消浪、蓄积泥沙、抬升地面的作用,有效应对全球变化引发的灾害风险,形成更可持续的海岸防护体系。通过分析不同海岸防护技术的优势和限制,认为以生态工程为核心理念构建和管理我国海岸防护体系,才能起到保障社会经济发展和维持生态健康的最佳效果。

关键词: 海平面上升生态工程海岸带灾害海岸防护    
Abstract:

Under the pressure of sea level rise and disastrous weather caused by global change, frequency and intensity of coastal hazards such as storm surge, coast erosion, and land subsidence are increasing in China, which requires enhancement of national coastal defense system. Conventional engineering practices of coastal protection are associated with high construction and maintenance cost and difficult to upgrade. Engineering structures have caused severe problems such as land subsidence, water pollution, ecological degradation, and loss of habitats. Ecological engineering based coastal defense provides a new paradigm for protecting coastal communities from natural hazards. Restoration and recovery of coastal ecosystems including beaches, mangroves, salt marshes, and coral reefs provide more sustainable and more cost-effective coastal defense system with tremendous additional ecosystem services. Restoration of vegetation can reduce wave energy, accrete sediment and lift up land surface, which provide adaptation to the hazard risk resulted from sea level rise. Through analyzing the advantages and limits of various types of coastal defense technologies, we argue that ecological engineering should be regarded as a core concept in the construction and management of coastal defense system to achieve optimal operation of socio-economic development and ecosystem conservation.

Key words: Shore protection    Sea level rise.    Ecological engineering    Coastal hazard
收稿日期: 2015-07-03 出版日期: 2015-09-20
:  P748  
基金资助:

中国科学院重点部署项目“北方典型海岸带水动力变化和复合污染机制及其生态损害评估”(编号: KZZD-EW-14); 中国科学院战略性先导专项子课题“渤海水交换通量、变化及其控制因素”(编号: XDA11020401)资助

作者简介: 张华(1977-),男,河南长葛人,研究员,主要从事海岸带环境水文过程与模拟研究.
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引用本文:

张华, 韩广轩, 王德, 薛钦昭, 骆永明. 基于生态工程的海岸带全球变化适应性防护策略[J]. 地球科学进展, 2015, 30(9): 996-1005.

Zhang Hua, Han Guangxuan, Wang De, Xue Qinzhao, LuoYongming. Ecological Engineering Based Adaptive Coastal Defense Strategy to Global Change. Advances in Earth Science, 2015, 30(9): 996-1005.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2015.09.0996        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2015/V30/I9/996

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