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地球科学进展  2004, Vol. 19 Issue (6): 955-962    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2004.06.0955
综述与评述     
海洋风尘沉积的古气候学研究进展
万世明1, 2;李安春1
中国科学院海洋研究所,山东 青岛 266071;中国科学院研究生院,北京 100039
RESEARCH PROGRESS OF MARINE EOLIAN DEPOSITION ON PALEOCLIMATOLOGY
WAN Shi-ming1, 2, LI An-chun1
1. Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;2. Graduate School, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China
 全文: PDF(119 KB)  
摘要:

海洋风尘沉积是一门海洋沉积学、古气候学、古海洋学的交叉学科,它在古气候、古环境和现代环境研究方面均具有重要意义。总结了近20年来国内外海洋风尘沉积研究领域的成就和进展,重点论述了其研究方法、手段和理论的进展,特别是化学分离石英在提取海洋风尘沉积组分中的应用,以及海洋风尘沉积在古气候学等方面的研究理论和取得的认识。阐明了风尘通量与源区干旱度、风尘粒度与风力强度以及它们与冰期旋回、米兰科维奇(Mi lanko vi tch)轨道参数旋回之间复杂的非线性关系。最后指出了该领域还存在的一些问题,并简要展望了未来的研究方向。

关键词: 米兰科维奇周期性海洋风尘沉积古气候古大气环流    
Abstract:

Marine eolian deposition is a cross subject among marine sedimentation, paleoclimate and paleoceanography, and it’s important in the research of paleoclimate, paleoenvironment and modern environment. This paper summarized the international research progress of marine eolian deposition in the past 20 years and put emphases on the progress of methods and theory, especially the application of chemical isolation of quartz minerals from bulk samples of marine sediment and the understanding of the paleoclimatic record provided by eolian deposition in the deep sea. Therehas been mach discussion about the connection between eolian flux and the aridity of the eolian source region, eolian grain size and wind intensity, and about the complex nonlinear relation among eolian parameters, paleoclimate, glaciation cycles, and Milankovitch orbital forcing. The eolian flux records in the deep-sea show the humid environments at the time of Paleocene, Eocene, and Oligocene in the South America and East Asia and the significant phased increasing of Asian continental aridity degree since the late Miocene along with the expanding of northern hemisphere glacier. The consistency between flux record of marine eolian, deep-sea δ18O records, and magnetic susceptibility of loess and interbedded soils indicates that it may be possible to link continental paleoclimatic records to marine records of similar resolution through marine eolian records. In comparison with eolian flux, the grain-size of eolian component varied with higher frequency and its dominant periodicities is 23 ka. The intensity of atmospheric circulation reflected by grain-size of eolian deposition denotes the independent atmosphere circulation of southern and northern hemisphere, and the evolution of west wind and intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ). At last some existent problems at present and prospect in the field of marine eolian deposition were put forward.

Key words: Marine eolian deposition    Paleoclimate    past atmospheric circulation    Milankovitch cyclicity
收稿日期: 2003-08-08 出版日期: 2004-12-01
:  P736  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金重大项目“东亚古季风的海洋记录”之“南海沉积作用与环境演变”(编号:49732060)资助.

通讯作者: 万世明(1978-),男,湖北省浠水县人,博士研究生,主要从事海洋沉积学方面的研究.     E-mail: E-mail: wanshiming@ms.qdioac.cn
作者简介: 万世明(1978-),男,湖北省浠水县人,博士研究生,主要从事海洋沉积学方面的研究.E-mail: wanshiming@ms.qdioac.cn
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引用本文:

万世明;李安春. 海洋风尘沉积的古气候学研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2004, 19(6): 955-962.

WAN Shi-ming, LI An-chun. RESEARCH PROGRESS OF MARINE EOLIAN DEPOSITION ON PALEOCLIMATOLOGY. Advances in Earth Science, 2004, 19(6): 955-962.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2004.06.0955        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2004/V19/I6/955

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