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地球科学进展  2014, Vol. 29 Issue (3): 404-411    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.03.0404
研究简报     
城市污水处理设施空间格局优化研究——以江苏省淮安市为例
赵海霞1, 蒋晓威2, 董雅文1, 崔建鑫1
1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所湖泊与环境国家重点实验室,江苏 南京 210008;
2.江苏省农村环境保护与生态修复工程中心,南京大学环境学院,江苏 南京 210046
Optimization of Spatial Pattern of Municipal Sewage Treatment Facilities —A Case Study of Huai’an City, Jiangsu Province
Zhao Haixia1, Jiang Xiaowei2, Dong Yawen1, Cui Jianxin1
1. State Key Laboratory of Lake Science and Environment, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China;
2. Jiangsu Engineering Research Center for Rural Environmental Protection and Ecological Remediation, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210046, China
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摘要:

城镇污水处理设施的建设和维护,对现代城市的可持续发展、确保水环境不受污染具有重要意义。以江苏省淮安市为例,以乡镇为评价单元,分析污染源的空间格局、变化趋势及其环境影响、污水处理设施需求,研究城镇污水处理能力与废污水排放的空间匹配格局。综合考虑废污水排放特征、污水处理厂的实际能力与设计能力,利用ArcGIS空间分析工具,将研究区划分为治污潜力释放类型区、治污增强类型区和维持现状类型区,对比分析废污水排放与治理能力缺口,提出污水处理设施建设与运营导向,为城镇污水处理厂建设选址与布局优化提供科学依据。

关键词: 废污水排放空间匹配淮安市治污能力    
Abstract:

It is significant to build municipal sewage treatment facilities in cities, especially in large cities, both for the sustainable development and for the environmental protection, especially in large cities. This paper analyzes the spatial pattern, changing trends and the environmental impact of specific pollution sources. Taking Huai’an City of Jiangsu Province for example. The demand for sewage treatment facilities in the future is calculated, based on which a match between municipal treatment capacity and sewage discharge is built. Township is taken as the evaluation unit in the study. Then, the characteristics of wastewater discharge are drawn, along with the actual ability and designed capacity of the wastewater treatment facilities. Considering all of the three aspects mentioned above, the study area is divided into three types, including the type of sewage treatment potential released, the type of sewage treatment enhanced, the type of status maintained. ArcGIS spatial analysis method is necessary in the study. By comparing with the quantity of wastewater discharge, the potential capacity of treatment facilities obviously gets asked. In the future, the facilities standard need to be rebuilt and expanded in order to enhance governance ability of controlling the regional waste water, especially in the townships with multiple population concentrating, urbanization and industrialization fastest growing. Townships at the edge of urban area need to maintain the status quo of sewage treatment facilities and pipe network for future demands. Furthermore, those scattered in industrial enterprises agglomeration area, such as industrial parks, economic development zones, need to strengthen the sewer network and related infrastructure facilities construction for releasing the potential of sewage treatment. Based on that, guidance is proposed for promoting the efficiency of the building and operating of sewage treatment facilities, and then it may provide scientific basis for site selection and layout optimization of municipal sewage treatment facilities.

Key words: Sewage treatment capacity    Sewage discharge    Spatial match    an city    Huai&#x02019
收稿日期: 2014-01-02 出版日期: 2014-03-10
:  P95  
基金资助:

中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所“一三五”重点项目“长江中下游典型地区制造业转型—转移过程及其生源物质的排放效应”(编号: NIGLAS2012135006); 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目“城市增长模式的环境效应、评估及适应对策: 以长三角地区为例”(编号:KZCX2-EW-315)资助

作者简介: 赵海霞(1976-),女,山东省潍坊人,副研究员,主要从事环境经济与环境地理学研究.E-mail:zhhx0183@163.com
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引用本文:

赵海霞, 蒋晓威, 董雅文, 崔建鑫. 城市污水处理设施空间格局优化研究——以江苏省淮安市为例[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(3): 404-411.

Zhao Haixia, Jiang Xiaowei, Dong Yawen, Cui Jianxin. Optimization of Spatial Pattern of Municipal Sewage Treatment Facilities —A Case Study of Huai’an City, Jiangsu Province. Advances in Earth Science, 2014, 29(3): 404-411.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.03.0404        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2014/V29/I3/404

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