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地球科学进展  2018, Vol. 33 Issue (4): 343-349    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2018.04.0343
科技重大计划进展     
陆地系统中的露石及其生态作用
沈有信1(), 赵志猛1,2, 毕胜春3, 赵高卷1,2, 刘娟1,2
1.中国科学院西双版纳热带植物园,云南 勐仑 666303
2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
3. 石林花木有限责任公司,云南 石林 652208
Rock Outcrop and Its Ecological Function in Terrestrial Ecosystem
Youxin Shen1(), Zhimeng Zhao1,2, Shengchun Bi3, Gaojuan Zhao1,2, Juan Liu1,2
1.Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Menglun Yunnan 666303,China
2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049,China
3.Shilin Flowers and Trees Co., Ltd., Shilin Yunnan 652208, China
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摘要:

露石在陆地生态系统中十分常见,喀斯特生态系统尤为突出。露石在各种生态系统中产生积极或负面的影响,他们承接来自大气的降水(含穿透雨)、干湿沉降,殖居菌、藻、苔藓甚至高等维管束植物,可看成与邻近土壤斑块有鲜明对比的子生态系统。其承接和生产的水分和各种有机物质及无机物质输入邻近土壤斑块,影响水分、营养物质分配,进而对生长于土壤上的各种植物产生影响。定量测量露石承接、分配降水及其内含物的研究较少,评价其生态水文效应的研究更少,严重影响喀斯特生态系统演化机制的阐明与石漠化治理方略的制订。

关键词: 露石生物植居生态水文石漠化    
Abstract:

Rock Outcrop (ROC) is very common in terrestrial ecosystems, typically in karst. ROCs play both positive and negative effects in ecosystems. They may collect precipitation (including throughfall), wet/dry deposition, host bacteria, fungi, muss and lichen, and even vascular plants. Both plants and their growing matrixes on ROCs differ greatly from their nearby soil patches. Water and organic and inorganic materials received and produced on ROCs is easily redistributed to their nearby soil patches, put strong influence on water and elements process in soil patches, and thus, affect the plants growing on soil surface. However, quantitative study on water and materials received and produced is scarce, nor on the eco-hydrology effect, thus, blocking the explanation of karst ecosystem succession, block the strategy formulation on countermeasures of karst desertification.

Key words: Rock outcrop    Biological inhabitatione    Eco-hydrology    Rocky desertification.
收稿日期: 2017-11-07 出版日期: 2018-05-24
ZTFLH:  P951  
基金资助: *国家重点研发计划项目“断陷盆地山地土壤流失过程与驱动机制”(编号:2016YFC0502503);国家自然科学基金项目“喀斯特生态系统裸露岩体集水径流及其生态水文效应研究”(编号:41671031)资助.
作者简介:

作者简介:沈有信(1966-),男,云南宜良人,研究员,主要从事喀斯特生态学与植被恢复研究工作.E-mail:yxshen@xtbg.ac.cn

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引用本文:

沈有信, 赵志猛, 毕胜春, 赵高卷, 刘娟. 陆地系统中的露石及其生态作用[J]. 地球科学进展, 2018, 33(4): 343-349.

Youxin Shen, Zhimeng Zhao, Shengchun Bi, Gaojuan Zhao, Juan Liu. Rock Outcrop and Its Ecological Function in Terrestrial Ecosystem. Advances in Earth Science, 2018, 33(4): 343-349.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2018.04.0343        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2018/V33/I4/343

图1  个体形状各异的不同岩溶生态系统露石
图2  露石与土壤斑块的组合形态示意
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