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地球科学进展  2009, Vol. 24 Issue (11): 1238-1246    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.11.1238
综述与评述     
半干旱区景观格局与生态水文过程研究进展
王朗1,2,徐延达1,2,傅伯杰1*,吕一河1
1.中国科学院生态环境研究中心城市与区域生态国家重点实验室,北京100085;2.中国科学院研究生院,北京100039
Landscape Pattern and Eco-hydrological Process
WANG Lang1,2, XU Yanda1,2, FU Bojie1, LÜ Yihe1
1.State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing100085, China;
2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing100039, China
 全文: PDF(1129 KB)  
摘要:

景观格局和生态水文过程之间具有紧密的联系和相互作用,在半干旱地区这种联系尤为显著,是地球科学研究的重要前沿领域。尺度效应在两者关系中起重要作用,不同尺度下两者相互作用机制有很大差异。归纳总结了半干旱地区景观格局与生态水文过程的研究现状与进展,包括二者相互作用机理、影响因素、干扰、尤其是人为干扰对这种相互作用的影响,以及模型模拟等。以尺度为线索,在斑块、坡面和流域尺度进行展开。最后,提出了半干旱地区景观格局与生态水文过程研究中存在的问题、热点和趋势,包括物理机制、干扰后的恢复机制、模型发展、流域尺度集成及尺度转换。

关键词: 生态水文过程景观格局尺度干扰    
Abstract:

There is tight connection and interaction between landscape patterns and eco-hydrological processes, especially in the arid and semiarid regions. The complex interaction between them is one of the research frontiers. Scale, as an important impact factor on both of landscape patterns and ecohydrological processes, plays an important role in their relationship. Interaction mechanisms may be distinct in different scales. In this article, we reviewed the domestic and foreign research of landscape patterns and eco-hydrological processes in the semi-arid regions in different scales, including the patch scale, the slope scale and the watershed scale. We also discussed the interaction mechanisms, the main influential factors, the effects of disturbance, especially the human beings′ disturbance, and the main models. Finally,the problems, insufficiencies and tendency of the present studies are put forward, including further study in physical mechanism, recovery mechanism after disturbance and simulation models. At the same time, we should pay more attention to the interactions in the watershed scale and the scale conversion.

Key words: Eco-hydrological processes    Landscape patterns    Interaction    Scale    Disturbance
收稿日期: 2009-04-28 出版日期: 2009-11-10
:  P33  
基金资助:

国家重点基础研究发展计划项目“区域生态系统服务功能的尺度特征与综合集成”(编号:2009CB421104);国家自然科学基金项目“半干旱黄土丘陵区植被‘斑、带’格局及其生态水文效应”(编号:40871085);中国科学院西部行动计划项目“黄土高原退耕还林(草)环境效应与效益评价”(编号:KZCX2-XB2-05-03)资助.

通讯作者: 傅伯杰(1958-),男,陕西咸阳人,研究员,主要从事景观生态学研究.      E-mail: bfu@rcees.ac.cn
作者简介: 王朗(1986-),女,辽宁沈阳人,硕士研究生,主要从事景观生态学研究. E-mail:wanglang228@sohu.com
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王朗,徐延达,傅伯杰,吕一河. 半干旱区景观格局与生态水文过程研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(11): 1238-1246.

WANG Lang, XU Yanda, FU Bojie, LU Yihe. Landscape Pattern and Eco-hydrological Process. Advances in Earth Science, 2009, 24(11): 1238-1246.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.11.1238        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2009/V24/I11/1238

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