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地球科学进展  2015, Vol. 30 Issue (6): 647-653    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2015.06.0636
综述与评述     
西南喀斯特地区地表水热过程研究进展与展望
高江波1, 2, 吴绍洪1, 2, 戴尔阜1, 2, 侯文娟1, 2, 3
1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101; 2. 中国科学院陆地表层格局与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101; 3. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
The Progresses and Prospects of Research on Water and Heat Balance at Land Surface in the Karst Region of Southwest China
Gao Jiangbo1, Wu Shaohong1, 2, Dai Erfu1, 2, Hou Wenjuan1, 2, 3
1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; 2. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; 3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
 全文: PDF(1016 KB)  
摘要:

西南喀斯特地区水文二元结构以及生境条件的异质性导致地表水热过程异常复杂。水热过程机理研究薄弱,已经成为生态系统退化关键过程识别、生态恢复重建推进的关键限制因素。首先从野外科学实验、陆面过程参数化、遥感反演技术3个方面简要论述了地表水热过程的研究方法,指出在喀斯特地区,目前亟需开展的工作是在样地和坡面尺度上对地表水热过程进行系统的观测和实验,以深化水热过程机理研究,并发展适用于喀斯特地区的陆面过程模式和遥感反演模型。进而评述西南喀斯特地区地表水热过程已有研究进展与存在问题:水分循环研究的重视,但在特殊的地质背景与复杂的生境条件下,土壤水分时空异质性及降雨入渗产流和土壤侵蚀过程的机理仍不明晰,而且水热耦合研究非常缺失。最后从地表水热过程机理、水热过程变化影响机制、生态系统恢复重建水热调控等方面展望了其未来发展趋势。

关键词: 地表水热过程土壤水分与水土流失喀斯特地区观测与模拟石漠化与生态恢复    
Abstract:

Due to the dual hydrological structure and the high heterogeneous habitat in the Karst region of southwest China, the water and heat processes at land surface are very complicated. The weakness of research on the mechanisms of water movement and heat transfer among soil, vegetation and atmosphere has become the key hindering factor for identifying the mechanism of ecosystem degradation and promoting ecosystem restoration and reconstruction. In this paper, we firstly summarized three methods for investigating water and heat processes in Soil-Plant-Atmosphere Continuum (SPAC): Field observation and experiments, parameterization of land surface processes and remote sensing technology. It was pointed out that with respect to this kind of study in the southwestern karst region, the systematic observation and experiments at the scales of sample plot and slope are necessary and urgent, which is helpful for deepening the mechanism research on water and heat processes in SPAC and further promoting the development of karst-region-suitable land surface and remote sensing model. And then, we discussed the progresses in the research of water and energy balance at land surface in the southwestern karst areas: emphasizing the study on water cycle, but neglecting the research on energy balance and water-heat coupling. Due to the special geological background and highly heterogeneous habitat, the mechanisms for spatial variability of soil moisture, slope rainfall infiltration and runoff generation were not fully understood. Finally, we explored the prospects of studies on water and energy balance in this region from three aspects: The mechanism of water and energy processes, the influencing mechanism for differences in water and energy processes between different stages of karst rocky desertification, and the regulation of ecological restoration and reconstruction based on the viewpoint of water and heat balance. This study could be helpful for developing studies on rocky desertification containment and ecosystem rehabilitation.

Key words: Karst region    Rocky desertification and ecological rehabilitation.    Observation and simulation    Water and heat processes at land surface    Soil moisture and erosion
出版日期: 2015-06-25
:  P942  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“不同石漠化程度下地表水热传输变化机理研究”(编号:41301089); 国家重点基础研究发展计划项目“典型山地水土要素时空耦合特征:效应及其调控”课题二“土地空间异质性及其资源生态效应”(编号:2015CB452702)资助

作者简介: 高江波(1984-),男,山东临沂人,副研究员,主要从事喀斯特地区土地利用—地表过程—资源环境效应研究. E-mail: gaojiangbo@igsnrr.ac.cn
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引用本文:

高江波, 吴绍洪, 戴尔阜, 侯文娟. 西南喀斯特地区地表水热过程研究进展与展望[J]. 地球科学进展, 2015, 30(6): 647-653.

Gao Jiangbo, Wu Shaohong, Dai Erfu, Hou Wenjuan. The Progresses and Prospects of Research on Water and Heat Balance at Land Surface in the Karst Region of Southwest China. Advances in Earth Science, 2015, 30(6): 647-653.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2015.06.0636        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2015/V30/I6/647

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