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地球科学进展  2017, Vol. 32 Issue (7): 688-695    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2017.07.0688
综述与评述     
当前全球减轻灾害风险平台的前沿话题与展望——基于2017年全球减灾平台大会的综述与思考
周洪建
民政部国家减灾中心,北京 100124
Hot-topics and Prospects of Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction: Based on 2017 Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction in Cancun, Mexico
Zhou Hongjian
National Disaster Reduction Center of China, Ministry of Civil Affairs, Beijing 100124, China
 全文: PDF(1013 KB)   HTML
摘要: 在扼要介绍联合国国际减灾战略(UN/ISDR)第五届全球减轻灾害风险平台大会主要内容的基础上,综合《2015—2030年仙台减轻灾害风险框架》、《2030年可持续发展议程》等国际议程和国内外减轻灾害风险领域开展的相关工作,阐述了当前全球减轻灾害风险平台的前沿话题和未来展望。认为:理解灾害风险、灾害风险防范、提升恢复力和不同国际议程的协调统一将成为未来一段时间减轻灾害风险领域的热门和前沿话题,政府、企业、社会等多利益攸关方的广泛合作与深度参与将成为未来减灾力量的主要模式。多灾种耦合诱发的巨灾风险防范科技攻关、区域性减灾平台搭建与技术和信息共享、减轻灾害风险的相关体制机制优化完善和提升对社区、弱势群体和地方服务能力等将成为中国减灾领域科学研究、业务实践、管理理念和成果应用上的重点方向。
关键词: 风险防范减灾平台恢复力仙台框架适应气候变化    
Abstract: A brief introduction to the Fifth Session of Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction, which was held in Cancun, Mexico, organized by United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR) and hosted by the Government of Mexico from 22 May to 26 May 2017, was firstly provided. Combined with “Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030”, “Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”, and related work on natural disaster risk reduction at global, regional, country and local scales, some hot-topics and prospects of global platform for disaster risk reduction were put forward. Some findings were concluded, consisting of understanding disaster risk, disaster risk governance, building and enhancing resilience to disasters, coherence between the Sendai Framework, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and Climate Change Adaptation (CCA). Implementing the Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) through cross-sectoral collaboration, removing barriers and promoting public-private cooperation in DRR and other types of partnership among multi-stakeholders will become the main force pattern of DRR in the near future. Large-scale disaster risk governance caused by multi-hazards (disaster cluster), disaster chain and disaster compound will be the main trend in scientific research of DRR. Building regional disaster risk reduction platform (e.g. the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road) and sharing the technologies and information of disaster risk reduction will be the main contents of DRR practices. Building and optimization of institutional mechanisms on DRR will be the trend of DRR idea. Improving and enhancing the support to communities, vulnerable groups and locals on DRR will be the main trend in DRR achievements’ application and demonstration in China.
Key words: Disaster risk reduction platform    Sendai framework    Resilience    Climate change adaptation.    Risk governance
收稿日期: 2017-05-15 出版日期: 2017-07-20
ZTFLH:  P954  
基金资助: 国家重点研发计划全球变化及应对重点专项项目“全球变化人口与经济系统风险形成机制及评估研究”(编号:2016YFA0602403)资助
作者简介: 周洪建(1980-),男,山东新泰人,副研究员,主要从事灾害风险与损失评估研究.E-mail:zhouhongjian@ndrcc.gov.cn
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引用本文:

周洪建. 当前全球减轻灾害风险平台的前沿话题与展望——基于2017年全球减灾平台大会的综述与思考[J]. 地球科学进展, 2017, 32(7): 688-695.

Zhou Hongjian. Hot-topics and Prospects of Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction: Based on 2017 Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction in Cancun, Mexico. Advances in Earth Science, 2017, 32(7): 688-695.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2017.07.0688        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2017/V32/I7/688

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