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地球科学进展  2013, Vol. 28 Issue (3): 366-373    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2013.03.0366
综述与评述     
海洋中氟氯烃的研究进展
随伟伟,杨桂朋,丁琼瑶,陆小兰*
中国海洋大学化学化工学院,海洋化学理论与工程技术教育部重点实验室,山东 青岛 266100
A Study of CFCs in the Ocean
Sui Weiwei, Yang Guipeng, Ding Qiongyao, Lu Xiaolan
Key Laboratory of Marine Chemistry Theory and Technology, Ministry of Education, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China
 全文: PDF(1463 KB)  
摘要:

研究海洋中的氟氯烃对全球气候变化和海洋环流的研究有重要意义。氟氯烃不仅是温室气体,还破坏大气平流层中的臭氧,也是近代海洋科学研究的有效工具,可以作为化学示踪剂,广泛用于示踪海洋环流、水团运动混合过程、海洋通风过程,测定水团年龄、海水混合和循环速率以及海气交换速率等的研究。对过去几十年海洋中氟氯烃的研究进展进行了评述,介绍了海水中氟氯烃的分布特征与通量研究、氟氯烃在海洋中的应用及分析方法,同时简述了大气中氟氯烃的分布特征。概述了该研究领域有待进一步研究的问题。

关键词: 氟氯烃分布化学示踪技术    
Abstract:

Oceanic Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are very significant in climate change and ocean’s circulation study. CFCs have greenhouse effect and are useful tools for modern marine research. CFCs, as chemical tracers, have been widely used to assess ocean circulation and marine ventilation pathways, and to identify the mixing processes of water mass movement. CFCs are often used to calculate the “age” of water masses and rates of ocean mixing and circulation, and to evaluate airsea exchange rate. The progressess of studies of oceanic CFCs in the past several decades are reviewed in this paper. The distribution characteristics and flux of CFCs in the ocean, and their application to marine research and analytical methods  are introduced. Their distribution characteristics in the atmosphere are also described. Some questions   for further research in this area are proposed.

Key words: Chlorofluorocarbons    Distribution    Chemical tracer technique
收稿日期: 2012-08-20 出版日期: 2013-03-10
:  P736.4  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“海水中挥发性卤代烃的分布、来源及海气通量研究”(编号:40976043);山东省优秀中青年科学家科研奖励基金项目“海洋生态系生源溴甲烷和氯甲烷释放规律的研究”(编号:BS2011HZ018);“泰山学者”建设工程专项经费(编号:JS200510016)资助.

通讯作者: 陆小兰(1971-),女,安徽蚌埠人,副教授,主要从事海洋化学研究.E-mail:lxlu@ouc.edu.cn     E-mail: 陆小兰lxlu@ouc.edu.cn
作者简介: 随伟伟(1986-),女,山东济宁人,硕士研究生,主要从事海洋化学研究.E-mail:suiweiwei-2006@163.com
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引用本文:

随伟伟,杨桂朋,丁琼瑶,陆小兰. 海洋中氟氯烃的研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2013, 28(3): 366-373.

Sui Weiwei, Yang Guipeng, Ding Qiongyao, Lu Xiaolan. A Study of CFCs in the Ocean. Advances in Earth Science, 2013, 28(3): 366-373.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2013.03.0366        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2013/V28/I3/366

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