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地球科学进展  2015, Vol. 30 Issue (8): 952-959    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2015.08.0952
全球变化研究     
全球海洋人为碳储量估算及时空分布研究进展
黄鹏1, 2, 陈立奇1, 2, 蔡明刚1
1.厦门大学海洋与地球学院,福建厦门361102; 2.国家海洋局海洋—大气化学与全球变化重点实验室,国家海洋局第三海洋研究所,福建厦门 361005
Progress in Anthropogenic Carbon Estimation, Spatial and Temporal Distribution in the Ocean
Huang Peng1, Chen Liqi1, 2, Cai Minggang1
1.College of Ocean and Earth Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361102, China; 2.Key Laboratory of Global Change and Marine-Atmospheric Chemistry, State Oceanic Administration, Third Institute of Oceanography, Xiamen 361005, China
 全文: PDF(1644 KB)  
摘要:

海洋是全球最大的碳汇,确定海洋中人为碳含量及其时空变化是一件具有挑战性的工作。就当前海洋人为碳含量确定方法、人为碳储量及其随时间变化进行综述总结。研究表明海洋仍然可以吸收并储藏大量的人为碳,但未来对于海洋吸收储藏人为碳的研究仍具有诸多不确定性。已有证据表明稳态海洋的概念不完全正确,需要在非稳态条件下重新定义人为碳并开展研究。同时需要积累更多的观测数据,采用包括观测和模式模拟等手段来研究不同时间尺度的人为碳的吸收和储藏过程。

关键词: 非稳态人为碳估算方法分布特征海洋    
Abstract:

The ocean is the largest carbon sink in the world. It is difficult to determine the content of anthropogenic carbon (Cant) and the spatial and temporal distribution in the ocean. The methods of Cant determination, inventories estimation of Cant, temporal variations of Cant were summarized in this review. The ocean can still uptake and store Cant from the atmosphere. However there are still many uncertainties for the oceanic Cant uptake and storage studies. The evidences show that it is not true for Cant estimations based on the steady state assumption. Thus, it is necessary to define and study the Cant based on non-steady state. Meanwhile, it is necessary to collect more observation data and use more approaches such as observations and model simulations to study the Cant uptake and storage in different time scales.

Key words: Ocean    Estimation method    Anthropogenic carbon    Distribution feature    Non-steady state.
收稿日期: 2015-04-14 出版日期: 2015-09-15
:  P734  
基金资助:

南北极环境综合考察与评估专项(编号:CHINARE2012-2015:01-04-0201-02-01,03-04-02); 国家自然科学基金重点项目“南大洋N2O源汇格局:驱动机制及其对海洋N2O收支的影响”(编号:41230529)资助

通讯作者: 陈立奇(1945-),男,福建晋江人,研究员,主要从事海洋大气化学与全球变化研究.      E-mail: chenliqi@tio.org.cn
作者简介: 黄鹏(1986-),男,福建厦门人,博士研究生,主要从事海洋氟氯烃示踪研究. E-mail:huangpeng@stu.xmu.edu.cn
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引用本文:

黄鹏, 陈立奇, 蔡明刚. 全球海洋人为碳储量估算及时空分布研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2015, 30(8): 952-959.

Huang Peng, Chen Liqi, Cai Minggang. Progress in Anthropogenic Carbon Estimation, Spatial and Temporal Distribution in the Ocean. Advances in Earth Science, 2015, 30(8): 952-959.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2015.08.0952        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2015/V30/I8/952

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