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地球科学进展  2010, Vol. 25 Issue (6): 647-655    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.06.0647
生态学研究     
浑善达克沙地近30年来土地沙漠化研究进展与问题
李鸿威,杨小平*
中国科学院地质与地球物理研究所,新生代地质与环境重点实验室,北京 100029
Advances and Problems in the Understanding of Desertification in the Hunshandake Sandy Land during the Last 30 Years
Li Hongwei,Yang Xiaoping
Key Laboratory of Cenozoic Geology and Environment, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
 全文: PDF(1458 KB)  
摘要:

浑善达克沙地地处环境脆弱的东亚夏季风北缘,沙漠化进程备受关注。综述了关于浑善达克沙地近30年来沙漠化的研究进展,并从沙漠化过程、成因和发展趋势等方面讨论了研究中存在的问题。认为沙漠化过程研究难以深入,主要原因是在沙漠化速度和程度方面存在分歧,对沙漠化概念理解、研究材料及评价指标选择上存在差异。浑善达克沙地沙漠化是自然和人为因素共同作用的结果,沙漠化过程研究结果的分歧导致了成因的多解性,其中自然和人为因素的耦合与反馈过程、生态系统阈值、极端事件的影响是成因分析中需要解决的问题。全球变暖将导致浑善达克沙地沙漠化在21世纪进一步发展。

关键词: 沙漠化遥感浑善达克沙地    
Abstract:

Located in the northern margin of East Asian summer monsoon, Hunshandake Sandy Land is well-known for its ecologically vulnerable characteristics, and its desertification processes are concerned by both public and scientific communities. In this paper, we reviewed studies of the desertification in Hunshandake Sandy Land during the last 30 years. The current inconsistencies of understanding the desertification in this region were discussed in detail, regarding processes, causes and future trends. It shows that investigations on desertification processes are not thorough yet although a large number of publications are available. Different perspectives on the concept of desertification and differences in the selections of research materials and assessment indexes cause the discrepancies about the view on desertification degree and rate in Hunshandake Sandy Land. Combination of high resolution remote sensing and comprehensive field investigations is needed to unveil the complex ecological processes of sandy land. The system for monitoring desertification processes should be developed from these studies. Desertification in the Hunshandake Sandy Land is originated from interactions between human activity and climate changes, and uncertainties in desertification processes studies lead to the confusion about the causes of desertification. To distinguish between climate and human-induced desertification, a clear understanding of desertification processes, especially further investigations on feedback, coupling effects and threshold of sandy land system and effects of extreme events on desertification, are required. Desertification is likely to proceed in Hunshandake Sandy Land as a consequence of global warming. And improving the spatio-temporal accuracy of assessing dune activity in the future is not only a significant but also a challenging work for scientists to accomplish.

Key words: Desertification    Remote sensing    Hunshandake Sandy Land.
出版日期: 2010-06-10
:  X171.1  
基金资助:

中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目“沙漠高大沙丘的形成、发育与全球变化”(编号:KZCX2-YW-119);国家自然科学基金重点项目“浑善达克沙地的形成、末次间冰期以来的演变过程及其对全球变化的响应 ”(编号:40930105)资助

通讯作者: 杨小平(1964-),男,宁夏固原人,研究员,主要从事沙漠与沙漠化研究.     E-mail: xpyang@mail.igcas.occ.cn
作者简介: 李鸿威(1985-),男,河北围场人,硕士研究生,主要从事第四纪地质与自然地理研究. E-mail:ldlihongwei@163.com
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李鸿威,杨小平. 浑善达克沙地近30年来土地沙漠化研究进展与问题[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(6): 647-655.

Li Hongwei,Yang Xiaoping. Advances and Problems in the Understanding of Desertification in the Hunshandake Sandy Land during the Last 30 Years. Advances in Earth Science, 2010, 25(6): 647-655.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.06.0647        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2010/V25/I6/647

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