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地球科学进展  2008, Vol. 23 Issue (2): 160-166    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.02.0160
研究论文     
气候变暖对河西走廊棉花生产影响的成因与对策研究
邓振镛1,王鹤龄1,李国昌2,辛吉武3,张宇飞4,徐金芳4
1.中国气象局兰州干旱气象研究所,甘肃省(中国气象局)干旱气候变化与减灾重点(开放)实验室,甘肃 兰州 730020;2.甘肃省人工影响天气办公室,甘肃 兰州 730020;3.海南省气象局,海南 海口 570000;4.兰州中心气象台,甘肃 兰州 730020
Study on the Cause of Formation and Countermeasure Effect of Climate Warming on Cotton Produce in Hexi Corridor
Deng Zhenyong1,Wang Heling1,Li Guochang2,Xin Jiwu3,Zhang Yufei4,Xu Jinfang4
1.Key Laboratory of Arid Climatic Change and Reducing Disaster of Gansu Province, Key Open Laboratory of Arid Change and Disaster of CMA, Institute of Arid Meteorology, CMA, Lanzhou 730020,China; 2.Gansu Provincial Weather Modification Office, Lanzhou 730020,China;3.Hainan Meteorological Bureau, Haikou 570000,China;4.Lanzhou Central Meteorology Observatory, Lanzhou 730020,China
 全文: PDF(288 KB)  
摘要:

揭示了气候变化对河西走廊棉花生产有着显著影响,实际上使其生育期延长20天,霜前花减少30%;适生区域提高100 m左右,面积扩大7倍;衣分提高2个百分点,气候产量增加54.3%的基本事实。探明了现代气候变暖对高原地区喜热作物棉花产生非常有利影响的重要原因,是由于≥10 ℃积温升高131 ℃,裂铃至停止生长关键期增温30 ℃;最低气温升高0.9 ℃,春季增温加快,秋季降温减缓,使生长期热量资源得到较大补偿,气候生态适应性更适宜,与棉花生理需求指标更接近。预测未来10~15年内≥10 ℃积温可能增加100~300 ℃,适生区域升高100 m左右,建议稳步扩大面积20%~30%,并提出按不同种植区域采取相适应的农业生产技术等建议。

关键词: 河西走廊棉花气候变暖成因对策    
Abstract:

This paper opened out brass tacks that cotton produce occurring importance changes, growth duration extended 20d, frost bloom decrease 30%, in order region heighten about 100m,acreage enlarge 7 times, lint percent improve two percent, climate yield increase 54.3% in Hexi corridor. Prove up the reason of the favorableness effect of modern times climate warming on cotton is ≥10 ℃,accumulate temperature hoist 131 ℃, temperature increase 30 ℃ during split bell to stop growth, the lowest temperature increase 0.9 ℃, temperature increased step on the juice in spring and drop tardiness in autumn, compensated the heat resource in growth period consequently, climate zoology adaptability in order. Forecast ≥10 ℃ accumulate temperature increase 100~300 ℃ by any possibility within 10~15 years in the future. In order growth region heighten about 100m, make suggestions steadily extend planting area 20%~30%. Moreover bring forward take be on speaking terms agriculture manufacture technology according to different planting region.

Key words: Hexi corridor    Cotton    Climate warming    Cause of formation    Countermeasure
收稿日期: 2007-06-14 出版日期: 2008-02-10
:  S162.5+4  
基金资助:

甘肃省自然科学基金项目“气候变暖对甘肃省主要农作物影响的研究”(编号:3ZS061-A25-010);科技部科研院所社会公益研究项目“西北农作物对气候变化的响应及其评价方法”(编号:2005DIB3J100)和“中国干旱气象灾害监测预警方法研究”(编号:2004DIB5J192)资助.

通讯作者: 邓振镛     E-mail: dengzhy23@sohu.com
作者简介: 邓振镛(1943-),男,广东新会人,高级工程师,主要从事农业气象、应用气象研究.E-mail:dengzhy23@sohu.com
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引用本文:

邓振镛,王鹤龄,李国昌,辛吉武,张宇飞,徐金芳. 气候变暖对河西走廊棉花生产影响的成因与对策研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(2): 160-166.

Deng Zhenyong,Wang Heling,Li Guochang,Xin Jiwu,Zhang Yufei,Xu Jinfang. Study on the Cause of Formation and Countermeasure Effect of Climate Warming on Cotton Produce in Hexi Corridor. Advances in Earth Science, 2008, 23(2): 160-166.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.02.0160        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2008/V23/I2/160

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