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地球科学进展  2007, Vol. 22 Issue (11): 1099-1109    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2007.11.1099
综述与评述     
太阳活动驱动气候变化空间天气机制研究进展
周立旻1,2,Brian A. Tinsley2,郑祥民1,王世杰3
1.华东师范大学,地理信息科学教育部重点实验室,上海 200062;2.University of Texas at Dallas,RichardsonTX,US 75080;3.中国科学院环境地球化学国家重点实验室,贵州 贵阳 550002
The Advanced in Mechanism of the Effect of the Solar Activity on the Climate by Space Weather
ZHOU Li-min1,2, Brian A. Tinsley2, ZHENG Xiang-min1, WANG Shi-jie3  
1.The Key Laboratory for the Geographical Information, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062,China; 2.University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson TX 75080,US;3.State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Science, Guiyang 550002,China
 全文: PDF(298 KB)  
摘要:

大量研究表明,从数小时到十年、百年时间尺度上的天气、气候变化受太阳活动影响显著。近年来,全球云量、北大西洋冬季气旋等气候、气象要素与银河宇宙射线通量变化、太阳能量粒子事件等空间天气事件显著的统计相关被陆续发现。在此基础上,提出太阳活动驱动气候变化空间天气机制,其基本观点是:空间天气事件通过改变云物理特性影响气象、气候,其核心是:太阳活动造成的空间天气事件与云微物理过程的联系,目前空间天气理论分化为离子诱导成核机制和全球大气电路—静电云微物理机制(简称Tinsley机制)。主要回顾和总结了近年来空间天气机制研究的发展,包括观测与理论,取得的成果,并对其未来的发展提出展望。

关键词: 太阳活动气候变化空间天气机制    
Abstract:

Reports of a variety of long-term climatological and short-term meteorological responses to solar activity indicate that solar activity controls these changes. There is the need for the mechanism of effect of solar activity on the climate change. The correlations of various climate and meteorological parameters, such as the cloud coverage, with space weather events due to solar activity , such as the variation of the galatic cosmic ray flux (GCR), on a wide range of time scales have been published According to these correlations, the mechanism of effect of solar activity on the climate, called spaceweather mechanism, has been suggested, which is including two sub-mechanisms:(1) the ion mediated nuclear formation theory (IMN theory);(2) Spaceweather-global circuit-cloud microphysics theory (inhereto Tinsley Theory). In this paper we review the progresses of the statistic research on correlation between spaceweather events and meterological and climatical parametersand the proceeding of the work on mechanism of the space-weather effect theory, which includes the proceeding in the ion mediate nuclei formation theory and the Tinsley theory. Although there are lots of work which have been done in the past ten years and the theories grow fast. However there are still some observation and modeling work need to be improved.

Key words: Climate changes space-weather mechanism.    Solar activity
收稿日期: 2007-05-10 出版日期: 2007-11-10
:  P467  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金面上项目“太阳活动驱动气候变化空间天气机制及其环境效应研究”(编号:40701195)资助.

通讯作者: 周立旻(1976-),男,上海人,博士后,主要从事全球环境变化研究和太阳活动驱动气候变化机制研究.E-mail:zhoulim@gmail.com     E-mail: zhoulim@gmail.com
作者简介: 周立旻(1976-),男,上海人,博士后,主要从事全球环境变化研究和太阳活动驱动气候变化机制研究.E-mail:zhoulim@gmail.com
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周立旻,BrianA.Tinsley,郑祥民,王世杰. 太阳活动驱动气候变化空间天气机制研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2007, 22(11): 1099-1109.

ZHOU Li-min, Brian A. Tinsley, ZHENG Xiang-min, WANG Shi-jie. The Advanced in Mechanism of the Effect of the Solar Activity on the Climate by Space Weather. Advances in Earth Science, 2007, 22(11): 1099-1109.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2007.11.1099        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2007/V22/I11/1099

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