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地球科学进展  2007, Vol. 22 Issue (8): 810-817    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2007.08.0810
综述与评述     
大气水文模式耦合研究综述
杨传国1,2, 林朝晖2, 郝振纯1, 余钟波1, 刘少峰2
1. 河海大学水文水资源与水利工程科学国家重点实验室, 江苏 南京 210098;2. 中国科学院大气物理研究所, 北京 100029
Review of Coupling Atmospheric and Hydrologic Models
YANG Chuan-guo1, 2, LIN Zhao-hui2, HAO Zhen-chun1, YU Zhong-bo1, LIU Shao-feng2
1.State Key Laboratory of Hydrology-Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering, Hehai University, Nanjing 210098,China; 2.Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029,China
 全文: PDF(2969 KB)  
摘要:

首先阐明大气水文模式耦合的必要性,总结作为二者耦合的共同界面——陆面模式的发展过程。在此基础上,从耦合研究方法和目的出发,分4个类别详细论述当前国内外大气水文模式耦合研究的现状。指出了单向耦合不足和进行双向耦合所面临的几个关键问题包括:尺度问题、次网格分布非均匀性、降水模拟等。未来要求充分利用“3S”、四维变分同化等新技术和新方法,加强多学科的联合研究,深入开展大气水文模式的双向耦合试验和敏感性分析,研究大气—植被—土壤—水文系统的交互影响,从根本上提高大气和水文模式的模拟和预报水平。

关键词: 耦合陆面过程水文模式大气模式    
Abstract:

Research on coupling atmospheric and hydrologic models has become an important issue in both hydrology and meteorology, and also been emphasized by many international scientific programs. Land surface scheme, which plays a crucial role of interface between atmospheric and hydrologic models, is introduced in the coupling process by many researchers. Based on a summary of land surface schemes, research on coupling atmospheric and hydrologic models is reviewed in detail from four aspects according to the methods and purposes of coupling: (1) forcing hydrologic model by atmospheric model outputs directly, (2) strengthening hydrological descriptions in land surface models, (3) setting up land surface model hydrologic model coupled system, and (4) some two-way coupling researches. The usual one-way coupling has its own drawback since the land-surface process is treated independently, which gives rise to inconsistent state variables between atmospheric and hydrologic models. This problem can be avoided if the two models share a same land surface scheme. Several key aspects in the study of such two-way coupling must be faced, including time-spatial scales difference, sub-grid heterogeneity, precipitation simulation accuracy, etc. Remote sensing, satellites, geological information system and four-dimensional variation data assimilation provide robust methods and techniques to resolve the main problems in coupling process. In the future, developing two-way coupling experiments and sensitivity analysis will be needed to investigate the interactions between atmosphere-vegetation-soil-hydrology processes through interdisciplinary researchers, to realize two-way coupled atmospheric-hydrological model system, and to improve the simulation and prediction both for atmospheric and hydrologic models. Such coupled model system can effectively decrease life and financial loss due to hydrological extreme events or climate abnormity, such as floods and draughts.

Key words: Atmospheric model    Coupling    Land surface scheme.    Hydrological model
收稿日期: 2005-09-20 出版日期: 2007-08-10
:  P333  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“东亚季度预报中土壤温度影响的定量评估及其初始化研究”(编号40575040);“流域水文过程与农业非点源污染物迁移转化相互作用机理研究”(编号:50679018);中国科学院创新团队国际合作伙伴计划资助.

通讯作者: 杨传国(1981-),男,山东青州人,博士研究生,主要从事水文水资源研究.E-mail:ychg@mail.iap.ac.cn     E-mail: ychg@mail.iap.ac.cn
作者简介: 杨传国(1981-),男,山东青州人,博士研究生,主要从事水文水资源研究.E-mail:ychg@mail.iap.ac.cn
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引用本文:

杨传国,林朝晖,郝振纯,余钟波,刘少峰. 大气水文模式耦合研究综述[J]. 地球科学进展, 2007, 22(8): 810-817.

YANG Chuan-guo, LIN Zhao-hui, HAO Zhen-chun, YU Zhong-bo, LIU Shao-feng. Review of Coupling Atmospheric and Hydrologic Models. Advances in Earth Science, 2007, 22(8): 810-817.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2007.08.0810        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2007/V22/I8/810

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