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地球科学进展  2005, Vol. 20 Issue (12): 1306-1313    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2005.12.1306
综述与评述     
海底深部生物圈微生物的研究进展
党宏月,宋林生,李铁刚,秦蕴珊
中国科学院海洋研究所,山东 青岛 266071
PROGRESSES IN THE STUDIES OF SUBSEAFLOOR DEEP BIOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS
DANG Hongyue, SONG Linsheng, LI Tiegang, QIN Yunshan
Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China
 全文: PDF(109 KB)  
摘要:

由于极端环境条件和有限有机碳输入及长期埋藏和矿化,大洋海底深部沉积物一直被认为是一个巨大的荒漠,根本无法支持任何生命活动。DSDP(Deep Sea Drilling Project)和 ODP(Ocean Drilling Program)计划的实施对此提出了严峻的挑战。海底深部生物圈微生物区系在世界大洋沉积物和上部洋壳中的普遍存在是 ODP计划的重大发现之一。一系列的研究表明在海底深部沉积物中蕴藏着巨大的微生物生物量、生物和分子多样性以及复杂多样的生理生态功能过程。海底深部生物圈微生物正成为生命起源和进化、地球系统进化和演化、全球变化和海洋生物技术开发利用的研究焦点。

关键词: 海底深部生物圈极端环境生命起源全球变化地质微生物    
Abstract:

Because of extreme environmental conditions, limited organic carbon input and long term of burial and diagenesis, deep sea subsurface sediments were regarded as a huge ‘desert’ not being able to support any life-form. This was challenged by the DSDP and ODP deep drilling practices. One of the most significant findings of ODP is the discovery of the widely-distributed microbiological biosphere in the deeply buried sediments and upper oceanic crusts of the world oceans. A series of studies demonstrated that the subseafloor deep biosphere harbors a huge biomass, a great biological and molecular diversity, and a series of complicated and diverse physio-ecological functions and processes. The study of the deep subseafloor bioshphere microorganisms becomes the foci of the studies of life origin and evolution, earth system evolution and transformation, global climate change, and marine life resource biotechnology.

Key words: Origin of life    Global change    Geomicrobiology    Subseafloor deep biosphere    Extreme environment
收稿日期: 2004-11-02 出版日期: 2005-12-25
:  P736  
基金资助:

中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目“近100万年热带西太平洋古环境与深部生物圈演化”(编号:KZCX3-SW233)和“太平洋典型区域海底热液活动的环境效应研究”(编号:KZCX3-SW-223);国家自然科学基金项目“海洋细菌附着动态和机理的分子生物学研究”(编号:40476058)资助

通讯作者: 党宏月   
作者简介: 党宏月(1967-),男,辽宁沈阳人,副研究员,留美博士,主要从事海洋微生物分子生态学和生物海洋学研究工作.E-mail:hydang@ms.qdio.ac.cn
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引用本文:

党宏月;宋林生;李铁刚;秦蕴珊. 海底深部生物圈微生物的研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2005, 20(12): 1306-1313.

DANG Hongyue, SONG Linsheng, LI Tiegang, QIN Yunshan. PROGRESSES IN THE STUDIES OF SUBSEAFLOOR DEEP BIOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS. Advances in Earth Science, 2005, 20(12): 1306-1313.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2005.12.1306        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2005/V20/I12/1306

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