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地球科学进展  2005, Vol. 20 Issue (9): 939-945    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2005.09.0939
综述与评述     
海洋浮游植物群落的比生长率
孙军1,宁修仁2
1.中国科学院海洋研究所海洋环境与生态重点实验室,山东 青岛 266071;2.国家海洋局第二海洋研究所,浙江 杭州 310012
MARINE PHYTOPLANKTON SPECIFIC GROWTH RATE
SUN Jun1; NING Xiuren2
1.Key Laboratory of Marine Ecology & Environmental Science, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;  2.Second Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Hangzhou 310012, China
 全文: PDF(115 KB)  
摘要:

系统地介绍了海洋浮游植物群落比生长率(μ)及其相关概念。介绍和比较分析了研究μ的细胞分裂周期法、生物化学指示物法、模型法和去除摄食者稀释法这4类方法,推荐去除摄食者稀释法作为中国近海μ研究的重要方法。比较各海区μ的分布规律,初步发现:① μ与群落物种组成密切相关;② μ在大洋低于近岸;③ μ在近岸中等营养高于富营养水域;④ 小粒径浮游植物μ高于大粒径浮游植物。但还有很多未知的情况,尤其是在中国海区此类工作还很薄弱,需加强,为更深入了解海洋生态系统奠定基础。

关键词: 浮游植物比生长率群落初级生产力生物量    
Abstract:

The concept of marine phytoplankton community specific growth rate (μ) and its related concepts were discussed. The four basic methods for estimating μ, frequency of dividing cells, biochemical indices, model approaches, and dilution incubations without grazers were reviewed, among them the dilution method was recommend as standard method for preliminary investigations of μ in China seas. After preliminary comparing and analyzing the μ around the world, we found that (1) μ depends on taxa composition of target phytoplankton community, (2) μ is relatively higher in offshore waters than in open seas and oligotrophic waters, (3) μ is even higher in mesotrophic areas than in eutrophic areas in offshore waters, and (4) μ is higher in smallcelldominated community than in big-cell-dominated community. Many things still poorly understand and more studies on μ are needed in China.

Key words: Phytoplankton    Specific growth rate    Community    Primary productivity    Biomass.
收稿日期: 2004-06-07 出版日期: 2005-09-25
:  Q948.1  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“胶州湾浮游植物对透明胞外聚合颗粒物产量的贡献研究”(编号: 40306025); 国家自然科学基金重点项目“南海基础生产力结构的物理—生物海洋学耦合过程及其对碳循环的影响”(编号: 90211021)资助.

通讯作者: 孙军   
作者简介: 孙军(1972-) ,男,甘肃华亭人,研究员,主要从事海洋浮游生物生态学研究. E-mail:sunjun@ms.qdio.ac.cn
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引用本文:

孙军;宁修仁. 海洋浮游植物群落的比生长率[J]. 地球科学进展, 2005, 20(9): 939-945.

SUN Jun;NING Xiuren. MARINE PHYTOPLANKTON SPECIFIC GROWTH RATE. Advances in Earth Science, 2005, 20(9): 939-945.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2005.09.0939        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2005/V20/I9/939

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