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地球科学进展  2011, Vol. 26 Issue (3): 257-265    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2011.03.0257
综述与评述     
近海浮游植物水华动力学和生物气候学研究综述
宋洪军1, 2,季如宝3,4,王宗灵2
1. 中国海洋大学环境科学与工程学院,山东青岛266100;
2. 国家海洋局第一海洋研究所,山东青岛266061;
3. Department of Biology, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA;
4.上海海洋大学,上海201306
A Review of Coastal Phytoplankton Bloom Dynamics and Phenology
Song  Hongjun1, 2, Ji Rubao3,4, Wang Zongling2
1.College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao266100, China;
2. First Institution of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Qingdao266061, China;
3. Department of Biology, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA02543, USA;
4. Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai201306, China
 全文: PDF(1418 KB)  
摘要:

浮游植物水华作为近海重要的生物过程,其动态变化对生态系统内的能量传递、生产力水平和各生源要素的循环等均有重要影响。随着气候变化对生态系统影响研究的深入,浮游植物水华生物气候学研究已成为当前生物海洋学研究的热点。综述了浮游植物水华的研究历史、研究方法及其发生发展的动力学机制,重点评述了气候变化对浮游植物水华动态的影响及国际上该领域的研究进展。利用遥感叶绿素资料对我国近海海域的浮游植物水华特征进行了初步分析,并结合国内外相关研究,探讨了在我国近海开展相关研究的特殊性,并对未来的研究方向进行了展望。

关键词: 浮游植物水华生物气候学动力学气候变化    
Abstract:

Phytoplankton bloom is one of the most important biological processes in coastal seas. Changes in the timing, duration and magnitude of phytoplankton blooms can affect the phenological coupling in pelagic food-webs, with important ramifications for trophic interactions, ecosystem productivities and biogeochemical processes. Phytoplankton phenology has been one of the research hot-spots in the field of biological oceanography, aiming to better understand the impact of climate change on marine ecosystem. The history and methodology for studying phytoplankton bloom, as well as our current understanding of bloom dynamics, were reviewed here. The effects of climate change on the phytoplankton bloom dynamics and recent research progresses in this field were also highlighted. The main features of the phytoplankton bloom in the coastal areas of China were examined based on a preliminary analysis of remotely sensed chlorophyll data. Future direction of phytoplankton phenology studies, with a focus in China seas, was also suggested as a prospect.

Key words: Phytoplankton    Algae bloom    Phenology    Dynamics    Climate change
收稿日期: 2010-07-25 出版日期: 2011-03-10
:  Q178.1  
基金资助:

国家重点基础研究发展计划项目“我国近海藻华灾害演变机制与生态安全”(编号:2010CB428703);国家海洋局第一海洋研究所基本科研业务费专项资金项目“黄海冷水团浮游生物多样性及生态系统研究”(编号:GY02-2010T05)资助.

通讯作者: 宋洪军     E-mail: songhongjun@fio.org.cn
作者简介: 宋洪军(1983-),男,山东邹城人,博士研究生,主要从事浮游生物生态学和生态系统动力学研究.E-mail:songhongjun@fio.org.cn
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宋洪军,季如宝,王宗灵. 近海浮游植物水华动力学和生物气候学研究综述[J]. 地球科学进展, 2011, 26(3): 257-265.

Song Hongjun, Ji Rubao, Wang Zongling. A Review of Coastal Phytoplankton Bloom Dynamics and Phenology. Advances in Earth Science, 2011, 26(3): 257-265.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2011.03.0257        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2011/V26/I3/257

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