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地球科学进展  2004, Vol. 19 Issue (5): 774-781    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2004.05.0774
综述与评述     
潮滩生态系统中生源要素氮的生物地球化学过程研究综述
侯立军1,2;刘敏2;许世远2;欧冬妮2;刘巧梅2;刘华林2;蒋海燕2
华东师范大学河口海岸动力沉积和动力地貌综合国家重点实验室,上海 200062;华东师范大学地理系,上海 200062
ADVANCES IN THE STUDY ON NITROGEN BIOGEOCHEMISTRY IN TIDAL FLAT ECOSYSTEM
 HOU Li-jun1,2, LIU Min2, XU Shi-yuan2, OU Dong-ni2, LIU Qiao-mei2, LIU Hua-lin2, JIANG Hai-yan2
1.State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Research,Shanghai 200062,China;2.Department of Geography, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
 全文: PDF(134 KB)  
摘要:

海岸带潮滩生源要素生物地球化学循环过程是国际地圈生物圈计划(IGBP)、海岸带陆海交互作用(LOICZ)研究的重要内容,也是全球变化区域响应研究中的重要组成部分。在过去的10~20年之间,潮滩生源要素氮的生物地球化学循环研究得到了长足的发展。基于此,较为全面、系统地总结和分析了有关潮滩氮营养盐的来源、潮滩氮素的物理、化学和生物迁移转化过程及氮素地球化学循环过程中底栖生物效应等一系列研究成果,并提出了今后潮滩生源要素氮的生物地球化学循环研究重点和发展趋向。

关键词: 生源要素生物地球化学循环硝化-反硝化耦合作用潮滩生态系统    
Abstract:

Nutrient biogeochemical cycling in the tidal flat ecosystem is not only one of the key studying contents of IGBP and LOICZ projects, but also the important component in the study of global change and region Response. Coast and tidal flat is an open and complex ecosystem. A lot of nitrogen nutrient may be directly transported into coastal zone through riverine input, penetration of groundwater, atmospheric deposition and the exchange with offshore water. Some findings showed that atmospheric inputs made the main contribution to the source of nitrogen in the coastal and tidal flat ecosystem. In addition, the decomposition of organic matter accumulated in the tidal sediment is also an important source of nitrogen. In recent years, some researchers have tried to source nitrogen by using carbon and nitrogen isotopes in organic matter in the tidal flat ecosystem. Nitrogen cycling has the important and ecological significance to primary products in the tidal flat ecosystem. Therefore, the processes of nitrogen cycling in the tidal flat ecosystem, e.g. nitrogen fixation, nitrification and denitrifciation, have well been studied in the last decades. Many references reported the effects of environmental factors and sediment physiochemical parameters on the processes of nitrogen cycling including physical, chemical and biological process of nitrogen transportation and transformation. Benthic benthos is an important component of the tidal flat ecosystem, which plays a key role in the nitrogen cycling in the tidal flat ecosystem. It has been reported that benthic benthos had the important effects on the processes of nitrogen cycling in tidal flat. In addition, the trend of the study on nitrogen biogeochemistry cycling in the tidal flat ecosystem was also expatiated in the paper.

Key words: Tidal flat    Ecosystem    Nutrient    Biogeochemical cycling    The coupled nitrification and denitrification.
收稿日期: 2003-06-30 出版日期: 2004-10-01
:  X142    
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金重点项目“长江口滨岸潮滩复杂环境条件下物质循环研究”(编号:40131020);教育部高等学校骨干教师资助计划项目“长江口滨岸环境污染物动态交换、模型及环境效应”;上海市重点学科建设资助项目“长江口的生态系统健康与环境可持续发展的基础研究”资助.

通讯作者: 侯立军(1975-),男,山东日照市人,博士后,主要从事环境地球化学和环境生态学研究.     E-mail: E-mail: ljunhou@yahoo.com
作者简介: 侯立军(1975-),男,山东日照市人,博士后,主要从事环境地球化学和环境生态学研究.E-mail: ljunhou@yahoo.com
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引用本文:

侯立军;刘敏;许世远;欧冬妮;刘巧梅;刘华林;蒋海燕. 潮滩生态系统中生源要素氮的生物地球化学过程研究综述[J]. 地球科学进展, 2004, 19(5): 774-781.

HOU Li-jun, LIU Min XU Shi-yuan, OU Dong-ni. ADVANCES IN THE STUDY ON NITROGEN BIOGEOCHEMISTRY IN TIDAL FLAT ECOSYSTEM. Advances in Earth Science, 2004, 19(5): 774-781.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2004.05.0774        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2004/V19/I5/774

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