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地球科学进展  2000, Vol. 15 Issue (5): 565-570    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2000.05.0565
综述与评述     
空间GPS无线电掩星反演大气参数方法及其应用
蒋 虎,黄 王成,严豪健
中国科学院上海天文台,上海 200030
INVERSION OF TERRESTRIAL ATMOSPHERIC PARAMETERS USING SPACEBORNE GPS RADIO OCCULTATION AND ITS APPLICATION
JIANG Hu,HUANG Cheng,YAN Hao-jian
Shanghai Astronomical Observatory,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Shanghai 200030,China
 全文: PDF(386 KB)  
摘要:

给出了空间无线电掩星反演大气参数的原理及其误差估计方法,介绍了国内外在该领域的研究进展。并针对该技术的一些特点,指出了若干尚需解决的问题。

关键词: GPS无线电掩星反演大气参数    
Abstract:

 The principle and error assessments of the application of spaceborne GPS radio occultation to terrestrial atmosphere inversion are reviewed and the recent developments on this discipline are summarized. Based on the established theory and data from GPS/MET mission, researchers from University Corporation for Atmosphere Research in US have presented their results that the accuracy of GPS occultation inversion for atmospheric temperature is averagely one Kelvin between 5 km and 40 km altitude. If temperature is obtainable from an independent source, water vapour pressure profiles can be derived, which is quite interesting to meteorologists; however it is still tentative to derive water vapor profile because before reliable results for water vapor profiles are attainable, the multipath effect on signal, which is difficult to model, should be mostly removed. Currently, inversion accuracies suffer much from signal to noise ratio limiting, so inflight GPS receivers for obtaining lower signal to noise ratio GPS signal are required in order to get more effective data for inverting atmospheric parameters. As far as the characteristics of the technique in question are concerned, we raise some problems which remain to be settled. They include: how to narrow and interpret the differences of temperature derived by GPS occultation method and routine technique, such as Radiosonde; how to get atmospheric parameters in the lower atmosphere, say, under 5 km altitude, and in the upper atmosphere, say, above 40 km; how to decorrelate temperature and water vapour pressure so as to get reliable water vapour pressure profiles; how to take into account the ignored “higher-order”term, which can be expressed as the integral of the dot-product between gradient of refractivity and velocity of GPS signal with respect to the geocenter, integrating along the signal propagation path; how to overcome the singularity of integrand at the lower integration limiting when the Abel transform is adopted to produce the refractivity profiles.

Key words: Global positioning system    Radio occultation    Inversion    Atmospheric parameter.
收稿日期: 1999-12-07 出版日期: 2000-10-01
:  P412.2  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金重点项目“空间天文技术监测和综合研究大气与海洋变化”(编号:19833030)和中国科学院“九五”重大项目“地球各圈层相互作用的现代天文学研究”(编号:KJ951-1-304)联合资助。

通讯作者: 蒋虎(1969-),男,浙江省东阳市人,助理研究员,主要从事空间飞行器精密定轨研究。    
作者简介: 蒋虎(1969-),男,浙江省东阳市人,助理研究员,主要从事空间飞行器精密定轨研究。
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引用本文:

蒋 虎,黄 王成,严豪健. 空间GPS无线电掩星反演大气参数方法及其应用[J]. 地球科学进展, 2000, 15(5): 565-570.

JIANG Hu,HUANG Cheng,YAN Hao-jian. INVERSION OF TERRESTRIAL ATMOSPHERIC PARAMETERS USING SPACEBORNE GPS RADIO OCCULTATION AND ITS APPLICATION. Advances in Earth Science, 2000, 15(5): 565-570.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2000.05.0565        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2000/V15/I5/565

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