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地球科学进展  2006, Vol. 21 Issue (9): 931-937    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2006.09.0931
同济大学海洋与地球科学学院,海洋地质国家重点实验室,上海 200092
Summary of Processes and Significance of Clay Minerals in Marine Sedimentary Organic Matter Preservation and in Global Carbon Cycle
Lu Longfei,Cai Jingong,Bao Yujin,Li Congxian,Yang Shouye,Fan Daidu
State Key Laboratory of Marine Geology, School of Ocean and Earth Science,Tongji University, Shanghai 200092,China
 全文: PDF(104 KB)  


关键词: 吸附差异碳循环海洋沉积有机质粘土矿物类型    

In the past decade, a series of progresses have been achieved in interaction between marine sedimentary organic matter and clay minerals. Research advances are summarized in the preservation of marine sediment organic matter by clay minerals adsorption, and its significance in global carbon cycle is discussed thereafter. Adsorption of organic matter to clay minerals occurs everywhere in nature. Organic matter can be adsorbed not only by small intercrystalline mesopores with van der waals force and chemical bonds, but also by interlayer spaces with surface bondage. Adsorption ability of clay minerals is related to types and structures, component and characteristic of organic matter, as well as physicochemistry condition of agential . It was suggested that clay minerals play an important role in protecting marine sedimentary organic matter by adsorption. Sedimentary and buried organic matter can be effectively protected from enzymes by decreasing mesopores of clay minerals after absorption of organic matter. Being a tie between activity carbon reservoir and permanent carbon reservoir, clay minerals in marine sediments translate carbon of atmosphere and ocean reservoir with rapid cycle into lithosphere reservoir via adsorbing organic matter, leading to missing carbon sink. Thus, clay minerals control function of carbon source and sink of oceans and have great influence on global carbon cycle and climate change.

Key words: Marine sedimentary organic matter    Carbon cycle.    Clay minerals    Adsorption
收稿日期: 2005-12-20 出版日期: 2006-09-15
:  P736.21  

国家自然科学基金资助项目“长江三角洲晚新生代锆石精细年代学对长江流域演化的示踪”(编号: 40576030)资助.

通讯作者: 卢龙飞     E-mail:
作者简介: 卢龙飞(1977-),男,甘肃西和人,博士研究生,主要从事沉积学与地球化学研究
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卢龙飞,蔡进功,包于进,李从先,杨守业,范代读. 粘土矿物保存海洋沉积有机质研究进展及其碳循环意义[J]. 地球科学进展, 2006, 21(9): 931-937.

Lu Longfei,Cai Jingong,Bao Yujin,Li Congxian,Yang Shouye,Fan Daidu. Summary of Processes and Significance of Clay Minerals in Marine Sedimentary Organic Matter Preservation and in Global Carbon Cycle. Advances in Earth Science, 2006, 21(9): 931-937.


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