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地球科学进展  2017, Vol. 32 Issue (8): 828-838    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2017.08.0828
应用地球化学专辑     
穿透性地球化学勘查技术综述与展望
韩志轩1, 2, 3, 廖建国3, 张聿隆3, 张必敏1, 2, 王学求1, 2, *
1.国土资源部地球化学探测技术重点实验室,中国地质科学院地球物理地球化学勘查研究所, 河北 廊坊 065000;
2.联合国教科文组织全球尺度地球化学国际研究中心,河北 廊坊 065000;
3.中国地质大学(北京),地球科学与资源学院,北京 100083
Review of Deep-Penetrating Geochemical Exploration Methods
Han Zhixuan1, 2, 3, Liao Jianguo3, Zhang Yulong3, Zhang Bimin1, 2, Wang Xueqiu1, 2, *
1.Key Laboratory of Geochemical Exploration, MLR, Institute of Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, CAGS,Langfang Hebei 065000, China;
2.UNESCO, International Center on Global-scale Geochemistry, Langfang Hebei 065000, China;
3.School of Earth Sciences and Resources, China University of Geosciences(Beijing), Beijing 100083, China
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摘要:

穿透性地球化学勘查技术通过获取覆盖层不同介质中的穿透性信息,以此达到指示隐伏矿体的目的。系统总结了活动态金属离子测量、酶提取测量、金属元素活动态测量、地电化学技术、植物地球化学技术、地气测量等几种穿透性地球化学勘查方法的理论基础和实际应用效果。指出今后应该加强元素迁移机理、元素卸载机制及元素卸载后在地表表现出的异常模式等异常形成机理研究,并进一步总结和研究穿透性地球化学勘查技术的矿种和景观适用性问题,从经济适用性角度出发,各种勘查技术要向着简化采样、分析流程和提高方法技术的稳定性努力,以便更加高效经济地开展覆盖区找矿工作。

关键词: 穿透性地球化学异常形成机理景观适用性经济适用性矿种适用性    
Abstract:

It is a worldwide challenge to explore the deeply buried deposits. Deep-penetrating geochemical exploration methods were developed to solve the problems of how to get the information of the buried deposits in the covered layer. The methods were successfully used to indicate some buried deposits, but not all kinds of deposits. What is more, a method cannot be used in all kinds of landscapes. In this paper, theories and case studies of deep-penetrating geochemical exploration methods, including mobile metal ions, enzyme leach, leaching of mobile forms of metals in overburden, electro-geochemical extraction method, biogeochemical exploration, nano-metal in geogas were reviewed. Elements migration, unloading mechanism and anomaly models are the most important parts for deep-penetrating geochemistry and need to be further investigated. From the perspective of economic efficiency and applicability, sampling and analyzing procedures should be simplified to improve the stability of all methods.

Key words: Deep-penetrating geochemistry    Abnormal formation mechanism    Geomorphology applicability    Economic applicability.    Methods applicability
收稿日期: 2017-02-13 出版日期: 2017-08-20
ZTFLH:  P59  
基金资助:

国家重点研发计划项目“穿透性地球化学勘查技术”(编号:2016YFC0600608); 中国地质科学院地球物理地球化学勘查研究所中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(编号:AS2014J03)资助

通讯作者: 王学求(1962-),男,辽宁瓦房店人,研究员,主要从事应用地球化学研究.E-mail:wangxueqiu@igge.cn   
作者简介: 韩志轩(1987-),男,河北衡水人,工程师,主要从事穿透性地球化学勘查技术研究.E-mail:hanzhixuan@igge.cn
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引用本文:

韩志轩, 廖建国, 张聿隆, 张必敏, 王学求. 穿透性地球化学勘查技术综述与展望[J]. 地球科学进展, 2017, 32(8): 828-838.

Han Zhixuan, Liao Jianguo, Zhang Yulong, Zhang Bimin, Wang Xueqiu. Review of Deep-Penetrating Geochemical Exploration Methods. Advances in Earth Science, 2017, 32(8): 828-838.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2017.08.0828        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2017/V32/I8/828

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