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地球科学进展  2017, Vol. 32 Issue (1): 56-65    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2017.01.0056
综述与评述     
黏性岩土的化学渗透效应及其研究进展
孙晓敏, 吴剑锋*
南京大学地球科学与工程学院表生地球化学教育部重点实验室,江苏 南京 210023
Review on Advances in Chemical Osmosis in Clayey Sediments
Sun Xiaomin, Wu Jianfeng*
Key Laboratory of Surficial Geochemistry, Ministry of Education, School of Earth Sciences and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
 全文: PDF(2265 KB)   HTML
摘要: 化学渗透现象引起的“耦合流”研究,已广泛应用于地球科学、环境科学和土木工程等多个领域。回顾了自20世纪50年代以来化学渗透以及黏土半透膜效应的研究进展。分别从理论基础、试验研究和数值模型等3个方面综述了黏土岩土的化学渗透效应的理论及其研究进展,重点阐述了化学渗透现象及其黏土半透膜效应的室内试验、场地试验及野外证据以及化学渗透“耦合流”的不连续模型和连续模型。指出今后应重点研究黏性土化学渗透效应对地下水流及溶质运移的影响研究。这将有利于我国进一步开展考虑化学渗透效应的地下水数值模拟研究。
关键词: 化学渗透黏土半透膜场地试验耦合流”模型室内试验    
Abstract: Osmotic phenomena refer to water and solute transport processes that occur when transport of solute molecules or ions is restricted by the porous medium relative to that of water molecules. Chemical osmosis and reverse osmosis/ultrafiltration are osmotic phenomena. The studies of “coupled flow” caused by chemical osmosis have been widely applied in many fields, such as earth science, environmental science and civil engineering. This paper provided a review of the considerable advances in the field of chemical osmosis and clay semipermeable membrane since the 1950s. We summarized the research progress of chemical osmosis in clayey sediments into three aspects: theoretical basis, experimental research and numerical model. In particular, the laboratory equipment and measurement methods of the chemico-osmotic efficiency coefficient σ were described,. The existing discontinuous models based on the ‘diffusive double layer’ theory were summerized, as well as the various control factors of σ. It increases with Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC), compaction pressure and decreases by the increasing of porosity and solution concentration. This paper also summerized the contimuum models based on non-equilibrium thermodynamics, which are used to explain and predict anomalies of hydraulic head pressure and salinity in clayey environments. For the future development of this discipline, it is critical to find a reliable method to confirm the σ value. It is also critical to emphasize the research on chemical osmosis in complex conditions and the influence of chemical osmosis on groundwater flow and solute transpotation. China has just stepped into this research area and more efforts should be made if significant progress is desired. This review will be helpful to further research on groundwater numerical simulation integrated with chemical osmosis in China.
Key words: Clay membrane    In-situ experiment    Coupled flow model.    Lab experiment    Chemical osmosis
收稿日期: 2016-07-09 出版日期: 2017-01-10
ZTFLH:  P641  
基金资助: *国家自然科学基金项目“华北平原典型区咸水下移机理及数值模拟研究”(编号:41372235)资助.
通讯作者: 吴剑锋(1971-),男,江西九江人,教授,主要从事地下水数值模拟方面研究.E-mail:jfwu@nju.edu.cn   
作者简介: 孙晓敏(1986-),男,内蒙古通辽人,博士研究生,主要从事低渗透介质耦合流的研究.E-mail:sxm.0213@gmail.com
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引用本文:

孙晓敏, 吴剑锋. 黏性岩土的化学渗透效应及其研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2017, 32(1): 56-65.

Sun Xiaomin, Wu Jianfeng. Review on Advances in Chemical Osmosis in Clayey Sediments. Advances in Earth Science, 2017, 32(1): 56-65.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2017.01.0056        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2017/V32/I1/56

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