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地球科学进展  2015, Vol. 30 Issue (10): 1172-1181    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2015.10.1172
研究简报     
深水湖泊增氧理论与技术研究进展
兰晨1, 2, 陈敬安1, *, 曾艳1, 郭建阳1, 张润宇1, 王敬富1, 杨海全1, 2, 计永雪1, 2
1.中国科学院地球化学研究所 环境地球化学国家重点实验室,贵州 贵阳 550081; 2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
Advances in Oxygenation Theory and Technology in Deep Lakes
Lan Chen1, 2, Chen Jing’an1, Zeng Yan1, Guo Jianyang1, Zhang Runyu1, Wang Jingfu1, Yang Haiquan1, 2, Ji Yongxue1, 2
1.State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang 550081, China; 2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
 全文: PDF(1365 KB)  
摘要:

深水湖泊由于自身物理结构特性,易形成垂直热分层。温跃层阻碍了上层水体中氧气向下转移,使得深水层长期处于缺氧状态,加速了沉积物内源污染物的释放,并导致湖泊水质恶化。利用增氧技术提高深水湖泊水体氧含量是抑制内源污染物释放、改善湖泊水质的一项有效措施。系统论述了国内外深水湖泊增氧方法与原理,深入剖析了人工去分层增氧技术、气体提升增氧技术、Speece锥形增氧技术和气泡羽流扩散增氧技术等4种主要增氧技术的结构与优缺点,介绍了典型深水湖泊增氧技术应用实例研究进展,对比分析了主要深、浅水增氧系统的差异,提出了目前增氧技术存在的主要问题,并对未来研究方向进行了展望。

关键词: 沉积物增氧技术水质曝气深水湖泊    
Abstract:

Deep lakes always maintain vertical thermal stratification due to their physical structure. The thermocline prevents the transfer of oxygen from epilimnion to hypolimnion, leading to the formation of anoxic conditions in deeper water, the enhanced release of endogenous pollutants and the deterioration of water quality. Oxygenation is an effective measure to improve the water quality of deep lakes and mitigate the release of endogenous pollutants via the increase of the oxygen level in water. This paper provided an overview of the method and theory of oxygenation in deep lakes. Advantages and limitations of different methods of oxygenation, including artificial destratification, airlift aerators, Speece cone and bubble plume diffusers, were discussed. In addition, challenges and prospects of oxygenation were assessed based on the analyzing of typical examples of oxygenation in deep lakes and the difference in oxygenation system used in deep lakes and shallow lakes.

Key words: Sediment    Oxygenation technique    Water quality.    Deep lakes    Aeration
收稿日期: 2015-05-12 出版日期: 2015-10-20
:  P343.3  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“山区深水型湖泊沉积物内源磷释放的磷酸盐氧同位素示踪研究”(编号:41173125)资助

通讯作者: 陈敬安(1973-),男,湖北麻城人,研究员,主要从事湖泊环境与全新世气候变化研究. E-mail:chenjingan@vip.skleg.cn     E-mail: lanchen12345@126.com
作者简介: 兰晨(1988-),男,江西南昌人,博士研究生,主要从事水环境科学研究.
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引用本文:

兰晨, 陈敬安, 曾艳, 郭建阳, 张润宇, 王敬富, 杨海全, 计永雪. 深水湖泊增氧理论与技术研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2015, 30(10): 1172-1181.

Lan Chen, Chen Jing&#x, an, Zeng Yan, Guo Jianyang, Zhang Runyu, Wang Jingfu, Yang Haiquan, Ji Yongxue. Advances in Oxygenation Theory and Technology in Deep Lakes. Advances in Earth Science, 2015, 30(10): 1172-1181.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2015.10.1172        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2015/V30/I10/1172

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