Please wait a minute...
img img
高级检索
地球科学进展  2015, Vol. 30 Issue (9): 1018-1027    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2015.09.1018
综述与评述     
沙漠—绿洲过渡带近地表风沙过程研究进展
张克存, 安志山, 蔡迪文, 郭紫晨, 王军战
中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 敦煌戈壁荒漠生态与环境研究站, 沙漠与沙漠化重点实验室 甘肃 兰州 730000
Research Progress on Aeolian Sand Process Near Ground in Oasis-Desert Transitional Zone
Zhang Kecun, An Zhishan, Cai Diwen, Guo Zichen, Wang Junzhan
Dunhuang Gobi and Desert Ecology and Environment Research Station/Key Laboratory of Desert and Desertification, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
 全文: PDF(1836 KB)  
摘要:

受绿洲和沙漠景观格局的双重影响,沙漠—绿洲过渡带是一个对外界条件变化极为敏感的生态环境脆弱带。沙漠—绿洲过渡带近地表风沙过程及其动态演变直接影响绿洲的稳定和有序发展,在空间上制约沙漠的进退或绿洲的变迁。从沙漠—绿洲过渡带局地小气候、沙尘暴、风沙环境、土壤风蚀、风沙输移和绿洲防护体系建设等几个方面比较全面地综述了近数十年来沙漠—绿洲过渡带近地表风沙过程研究进展,并基于当前沙漠—绿洲过渡带生态环境建设与地方需要等面临的实际问题,分析了该领域今后的研究重点和发展趋势。

关键词: 沙漠&#x02014绿洲过渡带风沙过程专题研究风沙防护体系    
Abstract:

Controlled by the landscape pattern of oasis and desert,the oasis-desert transitional zone is very sensitive to the change of environmental conditons. The processes of wind-blown sand in the oasis-desert transitional zone have direct impact on the stability and development of oasis. Local circulation and microclimate induced by the gradient differences of environment factors between oasis and desert such as vegetation, relief, underlying surface, hydrographic and meteorological factors and so on have restricted the back and forward of desert or the transition of oasis. This paper summarizes the latest research achievements in such six aspects that include local climate, soil erosion, sand storms, aeolian environments, sand transport and prevention system of sand damages. It is expected to solve the problems of sand damages and ensure ecological safety of oasis. Moreover, it will provide scientific evidence for establishing the oasis-protection system in arid region,which is both significant in theory and in practice.

Key words: Oasis-desert transitional zone    Special research    Prevention sysytem of sand damages.    Aeolian sand process
收稿日期: 2015-06-11 出版日期: 2015-09-20
:  P931.3  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“沙漠绿洲过渡带近地表风沙动力过程研究”(编号:41371027)资助

作者简介: 张克存(1978-),男,甘肃民勤人,研究员,主要从事风沙灾害与风沙工程研究.
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
安志山
蔡迪文
王军战
张克存
郭紫晨

引用本文:

张克存, 安志山, 蔡迪文, 郭紫晨, 王军战. 沙漠—绿洲过渡带近地表风沙过程研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2015, 30(9): 1018-1027.

Zhang Kecun, An Zhishan, Cai Diwen, Guo Zichen, Wang Junzhan. Research Progress on Aeolian Sand Process Near Ground in Oasis-Desert Transitional Zone. Advances in Earth Science, 2015, 30(9): 1018-1027.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2015.09.1018        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2015/V30/I9/1018

[1] Wen Zixiang, Dong Guangrong, Qu Jianjun. Paying emphasis on the study of desert oasis in China[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 1996, 11(3): 270-274. [文子祥, 董光荣, 屈建军. 应重视和加强我国沙漠绿洲的研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 1996, 11(3): 270-274.]
[2] Hu Yinqiao, Zuo Hongchao. Forming mechanism of oasis environmental and building countermeasure of ecological environment in arid area[J]. Plateau Meteorology, 2003, 22(6):537-544. [胡隐樵, 左洪超. 绿洲环境形成机制和干旱区生态环境建设对策[J]. 高原气象, 2003, 22(6): 537-544. ]
[3] Dang Jianhua, Wahap·Halik, Zhang Yuping, et al. A brief analysis of the situations of the urbanization development and the coordination in arid area[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2014, 29(3):420-428. [党建华,瓦哈甫·哈力克,张玉萍,等.干旱区绿洲城市城镇化发展状况及协调性浅析——以吐鲁番地区为例[J]. 地球科学进展,2014, 29(3):420-428.]
[4] Salman A B, Howari F M, Sankary M M, et al. Environmental impact and natural hazards on Kharga Oasis monumental sites, Western Desert of Egypt[J]. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 2010, 58: 341-353.
[5] Wang Xunming, Zhou Na, Lang Lili, et al. Aeolian processes and their effects on terrestrial ecosystem: An overview[J]. Advances in Earth Science,2015,30(6):627-635. [王训明,周娜,郎丽丽,等. 风沙活动对陆地生态系统影响研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展,2015,30(6):627-635.]
[6] Han Delin. Artificial Oasis in Xinjiang[M]. Beijing: China Environmental Science Press, 2000. [韩德林. 新疆人工绿洲[M]. 北京:中国环境科学出版社, 2000.]
[7] Wang Y G, Li Y. Land exploitation resulting in soil salinization in a desert-oasis ecotone[J]. Catena, 2012, 100: 50-56.
[8] Aosier B, Tsuchiya K, Kaneko M, et al. Land cover of oases and forest in Xinjiang, China retrieved from ASTER data[J]. Advances in Space Research, 2007, 39: 39-45.
[9] Jia B Q, Zhang Z Q, Ci L J, et al. Oasis land-use dynamics and its influence on the oasis environment in Xinjiang, China[J]. Journal of Arid Environments, 2004, 30: 11-26.
[10] Zhang Qiang, Yao Yubi, Li Yaohui, et al. Research progress and prospect on the monitoring and early warning and mitigation technology of meteorological drought disaster in northwest China[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2015,30(2):196-213. [张强,姚玉璧,李耀辉,等.中国西北地区干旱气象灾害监测预警与减灾技术研究进展及其展望[J]. 地球科学进展,2015,30(2):196-213.]
[11] Ladji R, Yassaa N, Balducci C, et al. Organic components of Algerian desert dusts[J]. Chemosphere, 2010, 81: 925-931.
[12] Liu Shuhua, Liu Heping, Hu Yu, et al. Numerical simulation of land surface physical processes and land-atmosphere interactions over oasis-desert/gobi region[J]. Science in China (Series D), 2007, 50(2):290-295.
[13] Xing Wenjuan, Lei Jiaqiang, Wang Haifeng, et al. Analysis on wind regime borne sand potential in a desert-oasis ecotone[J]. Arid Zone Research, 2008, 25(6): 894-898. [刑文娟, 雷加强, 王海峰, 等. 荒漠—绿洲过渡带风况及输沙势分析[J]. 干旱区研究, 2008, 25(6): 894-898.]
[14] Yang Xinghua, He Qing, Huo Wen, et al. Study on wind-blown sand characteristics at different directions near the surface in the frontier of an oasis-desert ecotone in Qira County, Xinjiang[J]. Arid Zone Research, 2012, 29(6):1 100-1 104. [杨兴华, 何清, 霍文, 等. 策勒绿洲—荒漠过渡带风沙前沿近地面不同方向的输沙特征[J].干旱区研究, 2012, 29(6):1 100-1 104.]
[15] Wang Tao. Advances and trends of oasisization and desertification in arid zone[J]. Journal of Desert Research, 2009, 29:1-9. [王涛. 干旱区绿洲化、荒漠化研究的进展与趋势[J]. 中国沙漠, 2009, 29:1-9.]
[16] Dong Zhibao. 50 years of wind-blown sand physics in China (1)[J].Journal of Desert Research,2005, 25:293-305. [董治宝. 中国风沙物理50年(1)[J]. 中国沙漠, 2005, 25:293-305.]
[17] Ma R, Wang J H, Qu J J, et al. Effectiveness of shelterbelt with a non-uniform density distribution[J]. Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 2010, 98: 767-771.
[18] Zhang Hui, Zhang Zhiqiang. Studies on the quantitative relation between economic development and ecological environment of Minqin county[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2014,29(5): 632-639. [张惠,张志强.民勤县经济发展与生态环境的定量关系研究[J].地球科学进展,2014,29(5): 632-639.]
[19] Zhu Zhenda, Wu Zheng, Liu Shu, et al. Outline of China Desert[M]. Beijing: Science Press, 1980:90-94. [朱震达, 吴正, 刘恕, 等. 中国沙漠概论[M]. 北京:科学出版社, 1980:90-94.]
[20] Zhang Kebin. Some problem about desert oasis exploitation in Northwestern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University,1986, 1:124-128. [张克斌. 关于我国西北沙漠绿洲开发中的若干问题[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 1986, 1:124-128.]
[21] Han Delin. Elementary study of oasis constancy[J]. Journal of Ningxia University (Natural Science Edition),1999, 20:136-139. [韩德麟. 绿洲稳定性初探[J].宁夏大学学报:自然科学版, 1999, 20:136-139.]
[22] Mu Guijin, He Junxia, Lei Jiaqiang, et al. A discussion on the transitional zone from oasis to sandy desert: A case study at Cele Oasis[J]. Arid Land Geography,2013, 36:195-202. [穆桂金, 贺俊霞, 雷加强, 等. 再议绿洲—沙漠过渡带——以策勒绿洲—沙漠过渡带为例[J]. 干旱区地理, 2013, 36:195-202.]
[23] Dong Zhi, Li Hongli. Comprehensive control technology system of sand disasters in artificial oases in Ulan Buh Desert[J]. Journal of Desert Research, 2011, 31:339-345. [董智, 李红丽. 乌兰布和沙漠人工绿洲沙害综合控制技术体系[J]. 中国沙漠, 2011, 31:339-345.]
[24] Wang Tao, Zhao Halin. 50 years of Chinese desert science[J]. Journal of Desert Research, 2005, 25:145-165. [王涛, 赵哈林. 中国沙漠科学的五十年[J]. 中国沙漠, 2005, 25:145-165.]
[25] Zhang Zhengcai, Dong Zhibao. Research progress on aeolian geomorphology and morphodynamics[J]. Advances in Earth Science,2014,29 (6):734-747. [张正偲,董治宝. 风沙地貌形态动力学研究进展[J].地球科学进展,2014,29 (6):734-747.]
[26] Su Congxian, Hu Yinqiao. Cold Island effect over oasis and lake[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 1988, 33(12) : 1 023-1 026.
[27] Lü Shihua, Luo Siqiong. Numerical simulation of summer boundary layer characteristics in Dunhuang Oasis[J]. Plateau Meteorology, 2004, 23(2): 147-154. [吕世华, 罗斯琼. 敦煌绿洲夏季边界层特征的数值模拟[J]. 高原气象, 2004, 23(2): 147-154.]
[28] Zhang Qiang, Zhao Ming. Field experiment and numerical simulation of inverse humidity of atmosphere over desert near oasis[J]. Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 1999, 57(6): 729-740. [张强, 赵明. 绿洲附近荒漠大气逆湿的外场观测和数值模拟[J]. 气象学报, 1999, 57(6): 729-740.]
[29] Potchter O, Goldman D, Kadish D. The oasis effect in an extremely hot and arid climate: The case of southern Israel[J]. Journal of Arid Environments, 2008, 72: 1 721-1 733.
[30] Lü Shihua, Shang Lunyu. Numerical simulation of characteristics of wind field, air temperature and humidity in Jinta Oasis, Hexi Corridor[J]. Journal of Desert Research, 2005, 25(5): 623-628. [吕世华, 尚伦宇. 金塔绿洲风场与温湿场特征的数值模拟[J]. 中国沙漠, 2005, 25(5): 623-628.]
[31] Gu Zhaolin, Zhao Yongzhi, Yu Yongzhang, et al. Numerical study of formation evolution and structure of dust devil[J]. Acta Meteogologica Sinica, 2003,61(6): 751-759. [顾兆林,赵永志,郁永章,等. 尘卷风的形成、结构和卷起沙尘过程的数值研究[J]. 气象学报,2003,61(6): 751-759.]
[32] Richard W T, Steven R E, Terry A H. The Bowen ratio-energy balance method for estimating latent heat flux of irrigated alfalfa evaluated in a semiarid, advective environment[J]. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2000, 103: 335-348.
[33] Hu Yinqiao, Wang Junqin, Zuo Hongchao. Character of water vapor transportation in the surface layer over desert near oasis[J]. Plateau Meteorology, 1993, 12(2): 125-132. [胡隐樵, 王俊勤, 左洪超. 临近绿洲的沙漠上空近地面层内水汽输送特征[J]. 高原气象, 1993, 12(2): 125-132.]
[34] Misak R F, Draz M Y. Sand drift control of selected coastal and desert dunes in Egypt: Case studies[J]. Journal of Arid Environments, 1997, 35: 17-28.
[35] Wang Hui, Hu Zeyong, Li Dongliang, et al. Comparative of climatologic characteristics of the surface radiation balance on Dingxin Gobi and Zhangye oasis and desert underlaying surfaces in Heihe watershed, Gansu[J]. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 2009, 31:464-473. [王慧, 胡泽勇, 李栋梁, 等. 黑河地区鼎新戈壁与绿洲和沙漠下垫面地表辐射平衡气候学特征的对比分析[J]. 冰川冻土, 2009, 31:464-473.]
[36] Thomas T. Desert Meteorology[M]. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004: 224-242.
[37] Zheng Haixia, Wang Jiemin, Maitani Toshihiko, et al. Some characteristics of energy exchange at the underlying surface of desert and oasis in Hexi Corridor[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2000, 20: 88-92. [郑海霞, 王介民, 米谷俊颜, 等. 河西走廊沙漠和绿洲下垫面生态条件下能量交换若干特征[J]. 生态学报, 2000, 20:88-92.]
[38] Shen Zhibao, Zou Jiling. The radiative energy budget on the ground surface over desert and oasis in Heihe area[J]. Plateau Meteorology, 1994, 13: 314-322. [沈志宝, 邹基玲. 黑河地区沙漠和绿洲的地面辐射收支[J]. 高原气象, 1994, 13: 314-322.]
[39] Chen Shiqiang, Lü Shihua, Ao Yinhuan, et al. Preliminary analysis on ground level wind field of second circulation in Jinta oasis and desert in summer[J]. Plateau Meteorology, 2005, 24(4): 534-539. [陈世强, 吕世华, 奥银焕, 等. 夏季金塔绿洲与沙漠次级环流近地表风场的初步研究[J]. 高原气象, 2005, 24(4): 534-539.]
[40] Lü Shihua, Chen Yuchun, Chen Shiqiang, et al. Preliminary study of thermodynamic of oasis-desert interaction in Hexi area in summer[J]. Plateau Meteorology, 2004, 23(2):127-132. [吕世华, 陈玉春, 陈世强, 等. 夏季河西地区绿洲—沙漠环境相互作用的热力过程的初步分析[J]. 高原气象, 2004, 23(2):127-132.]
[41] Jia Li, Wang Jiemin. The local and effective aerodynamic roughness length of a complex landscape of oasis and desert[J]. Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 1999, 57(3):346-357. [贾立, 王介民. 绿洲沙漠复合地表条件下的局地和有效粗糙度[J]. 气象学报, 1999, 57(3):346-357.]
[42] Bo T L, Zheng X J. Nunerical simulation of the evolution and propagation of aeolian dune fields toward a desert-oasis zone[J]. Geomophology, 2013, 180/181: 24-32.
[43] Lü Shihua, Luo Siqiong. Numerical simulation of boundary layer structure in desert-oasis[J]. Plateau Meteorology,2005, 24: 465-470. [吕世华, 罗斯琼. 沙漠—绿洲大气边界层结构的数值模拟[J]. 高原气象, 2005, 24:465-470.]
[44] Gu Zhaolin, Qiu Jian, Lu Luyi, et al. Advances in study of dust devils[J]. Journal of Desert Research, 2007,27(5):843-850. [顾兆林,邱剑,鲁录义,等. 尘卷风的研究进展[J]. 中国沙漠,2007,27(5):843-850.]
[45] Zhang Zhigang, Gao Qingxian, Jiao Meiyan, et al. Analysis on source locations and transportation paths of sand-dust affecting Beijing[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2007, 20:21-27. [张志刚, 高庆先, 矫梅燕, 等. 影响北京地区沙尘天气的源地和传输路径分析[J]. 环境科学研究, 2007, 20:21-27.]
[46] Gu Zhaolin. Eolian Dust: Turbulent Current and Gas—Solid Two-Phase Flow of Air And Solid Near Earth Surfaces[M]. Beijing: Science Press, 2010. [顾兆林. 风扬粉尘——近地层湍流与气固两相流[M]. 北京:科学出版社,2010.]
[47] Zhao Ming, Zhan Kejie, Yang Zihui, et al. Characteristics of the lower layer of sandstorms in the Minqin desert-oasis zone[J]. Science in China (Series D), 2011, 54(5):703-710.
[48] Yang Xinghua, He Qing, Cheng Yujing, et al. Near-surface horizontal aeolian sand-dust flux over an oasis-desert ecotone in Qira County, Xinjiang[J]. Arid Zone Research, 2013, 30:1 100-1 105. [杨兴华, 何清, 程玉景, 等. 策勒绿洲荒漠过渡带风沙前沿近地表沙尘水平通量观测[J]. 干旱区研究, 2013, 30:1 100-1 105.]
[49] Zhao Ming, Fang Etian, Zhan Kejie, et al. Construction of near surface dust storm monitoring system in Minqin and evaluation on its operation[J]. Journal of Desert Research, 2008, 28:1 163-1 168. [赵明,方峨天,詹科杰,等. 民勤地区近地面沙尘监测系统的建立及其运行的初步评价[J]. 中国沙漠,2008,28:1 163-1 168.]
[50] Zhang Kecun, Qu Jianjun, Ma Zhonghua. The environmental characteristics of sand-dust storm in Minqin over recent 50 years[J]. Journal of Desert Research, 2004, 24:257-260. [张克存, 屈建军, 马中华. 近50年民勤沙尘暴的环境特征[J]. 中国沙漠, 2004, 24:257-260.]
[51] Wang Yongsheng, Yang Wenbin, Li Yonghua, et al. Wind regime and resultant sand-transporting potential in the desert-oasis ecotone in the eastern marginal zone of the Kumtag Desert[J]. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment, 2015, 29:140-144. [王永胜, 杨文斌, 李永华, 等. 库姆塔格沙漠东缘荒漠绿洲过渡带风况及输沙势[J]. 干旱区资源与环境, 2015, 29:140-144.]
[52] Zou Xueyong, Zhang Chunlai, Cheng Hong, et al. Classification and representation of factors affecting soil wind erosion in a model[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2014,29(8): 875-889. [邹学勇,张春来,程宏,等. 土壤风蚀模型中的影响因子分类与表达[J]. 地球科学进展,2014,29(8): 875-889.]
[53] Liu Guoqing, Li Shaokun, Bai Junhua, et al. Study on soil wind erosion of the main Earth’s surface in Hetian district[J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 2008, 22:7-10. [刘国庆, 李少昆, 柏军华, 等. 和田地区主要土地类型风蚀研究[J]. 水土保持学报, 2008, 22:7-10.]
[54] Mao Donglei, Lei Jiaqiang, Zeng Fanjiang, et al. Sand erosion and deposition on different underlying land surfaces in the desert-oasis ecotone in Cele, Xinjiang, China[J]. Journal of Desert Research, 2014, 34:961-969. [毛东雷, 雷加强, 曾凡江, 等. 新疆策勒沙漠绿洲过渡带不同下垫面地表蚀积变化特征[J]. 中国沙漠, 2014, 34:961-969.]
[55] Wang Ping, Wang Yan. Characteristics of aeolian sediment under different underlying surfaces in oasis-desert transitional region of Minqin[J]. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 2012, 28:138-145. [王萍,王燕. 民勤荒漠绿洲过渡带不同下垫面条件的土壤风蚀特征[J]. 农业工程学报, 2012, 28:138-145.]
[56] Liu Yanping, Liu Tiejun, Meng Zhongju. Wind tunnel simulation test on the influence factors of wind erosion in grassland areas[J]. Journal of Desert Research, 2013,33(3): 668-672. [刘艳萍,刘铁军,蒙仲举. 草原区植被对土壤风蚀影响的风洞模拟试验研究[J]. 中国沙漠,2013,33(3): 668-672.]
[57] Hong Chuanxun. Analysis for the factors affecting soil wind erosion in Xinjiang Deserts[J]. Science of Soil and Water Conservation, 2013,11:25-28. [洪传勋. 新疆戈壁荒漠区域风蚀影响因子分析[J]. 中国水土保持科学,2013,11:25-28.]
[58] Nan Ling, Du Lingtong, Zhan Xiuli. Advances in study on soil erodibility for wind erosion[J]. Soils, 2014,46(2):204-211. [南岭,杜灵通,展秀丽. 土壤风蚀可蚀性研究进展[J]. 土壤,2014,46(2):204-211.]
[59] Wang Ping,Zheng Xiaojing. Development of unsteady windblown sand transport[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2014,29(7): 786-794. [王萍,郑晓静. 非平稳风沙运动研究进展[J].地球科学进展,2014,29(7): 786-794.]
[60] Zhang Chunlai, Zou Xueyong, Yang Shuo, et al. Grain size characteristics of aeolian deposits in the shelterbelt of railway at Shapotou[J]. Geographical Research, 2007, 26(1): 75-82. [张春来, 邹学勇, 杨硕, 等. 沙坡头铁路防护体系内风沙沉积的粒度特征[J]. 地理研究, 2007, 26(1): 75-82.]
[61] Liu L Y, Gao S Y, Shi P J, et al. Wind tunnel measurements of adobe abrasion by blown sand: Profile characteristics in relation to wind velocity and sand flux[J]. Journal of Arid Environments, 2003, 53: 351-363.
[62] Li Sen, Yang Ping, Gao Shangyu, et al. The dynamic changes and development trends of land aeolian desertification in Xizang Plateau over recently 10 years[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2004, 19(1): 63-70. [李森, 杨萍, 高尚玉, 等. 近10 年西藏高原土地沙漠化动态变化与发展态势[J]. 地球科学进展, 2004, 19(1): 63-70.]
[63] Hassan W N, Ribberink J S. Transport processes of uniform and mixed sands in oscillatory sheet flow[J]. Coastal Engineering, 2005, 52: 745-770.
[64] Zou Xueyong, Hao Qingzhen, Zhang Chunlai, et al.The trajectory parameter analysis of saltation sand grains driven by wind[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 1999, 44(18): 1 681-1 685.
[65] Raquel F, Almerindo D F, Sismeiro J L, et al. Wind tunnel and computational study of the stoss effect on the aeolian erosion of transverse sand dunes[J]. Aeolian Research, 2011, 3: 303-314.
[66] Remigius E O. Wind tunnel study on aeolian saltation dynamics and mass flow[J]. Journal of Arid Environments, 2003, 53:569-583.
[67] Hasi Eerdum. Structural variations of sand-bearing airflow over dune at southeastern fringe of Tengger Desert[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2004, 49(9): 942-948.
[68] Zou Xueyong, Liu Yuzhang, Dong Guangrong. Tentative Calculation of wind-sand current energy[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 1994, 39(12): 1 016-1 020.
[69] Li Zhenshan, Ni Jinren. Experimental measurement of wind-blown sand wind velocity pulsation[J]. Journal of Applied Basement and Engineering Science, 2003, 11(4): 352-360. [李振山, 倪晋仁. 风沙流中风速脉动的实验测量[J]. 应用基础与工程科学学报, 2003, 11(4): 352-360.]
[70] Hesse P P, Simpson R L. Variable vegetation cover and episodic sand movement on longitudinal desert sand dunes[J]. Geomorphology, 2006, 81: 276-291.
[71] Anderson R S. Eolian sediment transport as a stochastic process: The effects of a fluctuating wind on particle trajectories[J]. Journal of Geology,1987,95: 497-512.
[72] Anderson R S, Haff P K. Simulation of aeolian saltation[J]. Science,1988,241: 820-823.
[73] Anderson R S, Haff P K. Wind modification and bed response during saltation of sand in air[J]. Acta Mechanica,1991,1:21-55.
[74] Mao Donglei, Lei Jiaqiang, Li Shengyu, et al. Differences of sand transportation flux and sand grain size characteristics in different underlying surfaces on desert-oasis ecotone in Cele[J]. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment, 2014,28:167-174. [毛东雷, 雷加强, 李生宇, 等. 策勒沙漠绿洲过渡带不同下垫面的输沙通量及粒度差异特征[J]. 干旱区资源与环境, 2014,28:167-174.]
[75] Mao Donglei, Lei Jiaqiang, Wang Cui, et al. Characteristics of sand flow structure and sand transportation particles in Cele desert-oasis ecotone of Xinjiang Wei Autonomous Region[J]. Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation, 2015,35: 25-33. [毛东雷, 雷加强, 王翠, 等. 新疆策勒县沙漠—绿洲过渡带风沙流结构及输沙粒度特征[J]. 水土保持通报, 2015,35: 25-33.]
[76] Qian Yibing, Zhang Ximing, Li Xiaoming. A study on grain-size features of sand material of the oases in the southern margin of the Taklimakan Desert[J]. Journal of Desert Research, 1995, 15:131-135. [钱亦兵, 张希明, 李晓明. 塔克拉玛干沙漠南缘绿洲沙物质粒度特征[J]. 中国沙漠, 1995, 15:131-135.]
[77] Pang Yingjun, Lei Jiaqiang, Zeng Fanjiang, et al. Microclimate change of oasis-desert transitional zone in Qira county of Xinjiang Wei Autonomous Region[J]. Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation, 2011,31:240-245. [庞营军, 雷加强, 曾凡江, 等. 新疆维吾尔自治区策勒县绿洲—沙漠过渡带小气候特征[J]. 水土保持通报, 2011, 31:240-245.]
[78] Wang Xueqin, Yang Dongliang, Ma Yang, et al. Wind fluctuation over three typical ground surfaces in desert-oasis ecotone: A case study at the southern rim of the Taklimakan Desert[J]. Journal of Desert Research, 2015, 35(3):542-548. [王雪芹, 杨东亮, 马洋, 等. 沙漠绿洲过渡带典型下垫面风速脉动特征——以塔克拉玛干沙漠南缘策勒绿洲为例[J]. 中国沙漠, 2015, 35(3):542-548.]
[79] Huang Xincheng, Liu Bo, Wang Xufeng, et al. A numerical simulation of sand particle concentration profiles based on the distribution of the initial lift-off velocity[J]. Journal of Desert Research, 2015, 35(3):534-541. [黄新成,刘博,王旭峰,等.基于起跳初速度分布的沙颗粒浓度廓线的数值模拟[J]. 中国沙漠,2015, 35(3):534-541.]
[80] Liu Bo, Huang Xincheng, Wang Xufeng, et al. Numerical simulation of sand leap movement[J]. Mechanical Engineering & Automation, 2015,1:4-6. [刘博,黄新成,王旭峰,等. 风沙跃移运动的数值模拟[J]. 机械工程与自动化,2015,1:4-6.]
[81] Wu Jianjun, Luo Shenghu, Yan Guanghu, et al. Numerical simulation on windblown sand clound in the fluctuating wind field[J]. Journal of Desert Research, 2011,31(3): 602-606. [武建军,罗生虎,闫光虎,等. 脉动风场下风沙流结构的数值模拟[J]. 中国沙漠,2011,31(3): 602-606.]
[82] Yang Jiecheng, Zhang Yu, Liu Dayou, et al. CFD-DEM simulation of three dimensional aeolian sand movement[J].Science in China (Series G), 2010, 53(7): 1 306-1 318.
[83] Xia Xuncheng, Yang Gensheng. Some issues about sand storms in northwest China[J]. Journal of Chinese Academy of Science, 1994, 4:346-350. [夏训诚, 杨根生. 关于西北地区风沙尘暴的几个问题[J]. 中国科学院院刊, 1994, 4:346-350.]
[84] Dong Zhi, Li Hongli, Sun Baoping, et al. The change of sand-wind climate and response to the shelter belt system construction in the Northeastern Ulanbuh Desert[J]. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment, 2004, 18:269-275. [董智, 李红丽, 孙保平, 等. 乌兰布和沙漠东北缘磴口县沙尘天气变化规律及其对防护林体系建设的响应[J]. 干旱区资源与环境, 2004, 18:269-275.]
[85] He Lingyun, Haimiti·Yimiti. Lack and loss of oasis-desert ecotone layer structure during the process of oasis development and the change of oasis protection way[J]. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment,2010,24:94-96. [贺凌云, 海米提·依米提. 论绿洲发展过程中绿洲—荒漠交错带圈层结构的缺失及绿洲防护方式的改变[J]. 干旱区资源与环境, 2010,24:94-96.]
[86] Pan X L, Chao J P. Theory of stability, and regulation and control of ecological system in oasis[J]. Global and Planetary Change, 2003, 37: 287-295.
[87] Zhang Jinchun, Zhao Ming, Fang Etian, et al. Seasonal variations of sandstorm-aerosol concentration near the ground surface around Minqin[J].Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae, 2009,29:496-504. [张锦春,赵明,方峨天, 等.民勤近地面沙尘暴气溶胶浓度变化特征初探[J].环境科学学报,2009, 29: 496-504.]
[88] Sun Tao, Wang Jihe, Liu Hujun, et al. Analysis on vegetation characteristics of activating sand dunes in the oasis-desert ecotone[J]. Research of Soil and Water Conservation, 2009, 16:174-178. [孙涛, 王继和, 刘虎俊, 等. 绿洲荒漠交错带活化沙丘的植物群落特征分析[J]. 水土保持研究, 2009, 16:174-178.]
[89] Tian Yuan, Ding Jianli, Tashpolat·Tiyip, et al. Studies on driving forces to dynamic changes of arable land in arid area resulted from interaction of natural and human factors: A case study in Yutian oasis of Xinjiang Province[J]. Journal of Desert Research, 2009, 29: 1 162-1 168. [田源, 丁建丽, 塔西甫拉提·特依拜, 等. 自然与人文交互作用下的干旱区典型绿洲耕地动态变化驱动力分析——以新疆于田绿洲为例[J]. 中国沙漠, 2009,29: 1 162-1 168.]
[90] Dong Zhi, Hao Yuguang, Ling Xia, et al. Partition of different ecological-function areas and its construction strategy in Ulan Buh oasis[J]. Journal of Arid land Resources and Environment, 2005, 19(7): 18-23. [董智, 郝玉光, 凌霞, 等. 乌兰布和沙漠绿洲不同生态功能区划及其建设策略[J]. 干旱区资源与环境,2005,19(7): 18-23.]
[91] Liu Xinmin, Wu Zuoqi, Wang Honglou, et al. A discussion on aeolian desertification control of north Linze oasis in Gansu Province[J]. Journal of Desert Research,1982,2: 9-15. [刘新民, 吴佐祺, 王宏楼, 等. 甘肃临泽绿洲北部沙漠化防治的探讨[J]. 中国沙漠, 1982, 2: 9-15.]
[92] Bai Yungang, Song Yudong, Hong Chuanxun, et al. A study of eco-protection system construction in oases around Taklimakan Desert[J]. Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation,2005,25:78-80. [白云岗, 宋郁东, 洪传勋, 等. 环塔里木盆地绿洲生态防护体系建设研究[J]. 水土保持通报, 2005, 25:78-80.]

[1] 杨林, 董玉祥, 杜建会. 海岸沙丘对风暴响应研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2017, 32(7): 716-722.
[2] 樊瑞静, 李生宇, 周杰, 王海峰. 不同外形粗糙元覆盖沙床面抗风蚀效益的风洞模拟实验[J]. 地球科学进展, 2017, 32(1): 83-89.
[3] 张克存, 安志山, 屈建军, 庞营军. 基于三维激光扫描仪的青藏铁路风沙工程效益评价[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(10): 1197-1203.
[4] 王萍, 郑晓静. 非平稳风沙运动研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(7): 786-794.
[5] 张正偲, 董治宝. 风沙地貌形态动力学研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(6): 734-747.
[6] 戴海伦, 金复鑫, 张科利. 国内外风蚀监测方法回顾与评述[J]. 地球科学进展, 2011, 26(4): 401-408.
[7] 胡光印,董治宝,魏振海,逯军峰,颜长珍. 近30a来若尔盖盆地沙漠化时空演变过程及成因分析[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(8): 908-916.
[8] 钟德才. 中国现代沙漠动态变化及其发展趋势[J]. 地球科学进展, 1999, 14(3): 229-234.