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地球科学进展  2012, Vol. 27 Issue (1): 60-67    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2012.01.0060
研究论文     
Palmer干旱指数在淮河流域的修正及应用
王文,徐红
南京信息工程大学气象灾害省部共建教育部重点实验室,大气科学学院,江苏南京210044
The Modification of Palmer Drought Severity Index in the Research of Drought in Huaihe Area
Wang Wen,Xu Hong
Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster of Ministry of Education, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing210044, China
 全文: PDF(1297 KB)  
摘要:

Palmer指数是目前研究区域干旱时应用最广泛的指数之一,但由于其空间适用性比较强,所以在应用已修正的Palmer指数描述淮河流域干旱等级和持续时间时和实际情况有较大差异,因此有必要做进一步订正。利用淮河流域开封、信阳、巢湖站1961—2009年逐日降水和气温等常规观测资料,根据1965年Palmer指数原理,在2004、2006年几次修正的基础上对Palmer指数进行修正。淮河流域和美国Kansas、Iowa周边区域均属亚热带季风气候,但在用Palmer指数研究2个区域的旱涝时,其前期旱涝对后期的影响程度存在一定的差异,在淮河流域前期旱涝的影响要小些,因此,在修正Palmer指数过程中加入一个修正系数,用以改善其敏感度。结果表明,修正后的Palmer指数在反映淮河流域的干旱强度和持续时间等方面都得到了很好的改进,可以用于淮河流域干旱的监测和预警。

关键词: 干旱Palmer指数淮河流域    
Abstract:

Palmer Drought Severity Index(PDSI) perhaps is one of the most widely used regional index of drought. Because of the sensitivity of the index to different areas, some problems come in some research work on the drought in Huaihe area using modified PDSI by others. Based on the conventional surface observations data from Kaifeng, Xinyang and Chaohu stations, a modification of Palmer Drought Severity Index, on the ground of the modifications in 2004, 2005 and 2008, in Huaihe area, is carried out to indicate the drought/wet more accurately. The subtropical monsoon climate in Huaihe area and Kansas, Iowa is a little different when  some research work is carried out  on climate drought/wetness using Palmer Drought Severity Index. The antecedent drought/wetness affects the next period differently, that means, the antecedent drought or wetness affects less in Huiahe area. Therefore, a parameter is added to improve the sensitivity. The result shows that the modified index makes a great improvement in reflecting the drought severity in Huaihe area.

Key words: Drought    Palmer Drought Severity Index    Huaihe area
收稿日期: 2011-05-06 出版日期: 2012-01-10
:  P426.616  
基金资助:

公益性行业(气象)科研专项项目“多时间尺度干旱监测与预警、评估技术研究”(编号:GYHY201006023);江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目(编号:PAPD)资助.

通讯作者: 王文(1957-),男,甘肃会宁人,副教授,主要从事大气动力学和气候诊断研究.     E-mail: wwllw003@126.com
作者简介: 王文(1957-),男,甘肃会宁人,副教授,主要从事大气动力学和气候诊断研究. E-mail:[wwllw003@126.com
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引用本文:

王文,徐红. Palmer干旱指数在淮河流域的修正及应用[J]. 地球科学进展, 2012, 27(1): 60-67.

Wang Wen,Xu Hong. The Modification of Palmer Drought Severity Index in the Research of Drought in Huaihe Area. Advances in Earth Science, 2012, 27(1): 60-67.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2012.01.0060        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2012/V27/I1/60


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