地球科学进展 ›› 2011, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (1): 1 -12. doi: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2011.01.0001

发展战略论坛    下一篇

夏军 1,刘春蓁 2,任国玉 3   
  1. 1.中国科学院陆地水循环及地表过程重点实验室,北京100101;
    2.水利部水利信息中心,北京100053;  3.中国气象局气候研究开放实验室,国家气候中心,北京100081
  • 收稿日期:2010-01-04 修回日期:2010-12-02 出版日期:2011-01-10
  • 通讯作者: 夏军 E-mail:xiaj@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:


Opportunity and Challenge of the Climate Change Impact on the Water Resource of China

Xia Jun 1, Liu Chunzhen 2, Ren Guoyu 3   

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Water Cycle and Related Land Surface Processes, Institute of Geographic Science and Natural Resources Research, China Academy on Science, Beijing100101, China;
    2.Hydrological Bureau, Ministry of Water Resources of China, Beijing100053, China;
    3.Laboratory for Climate Studies, National Climate Center, CMA, Beijing100081, China
  • Received:2010-01-04 Revised:2010-12-02 Online:2011-01-10 Published:2011-01-10


The impact of climate change on water resources security is a challenging issue with widespread concern globally. It is as well the great strategic issue in the national sustainable development of China. Based on a wide review of related research, it is concluded that the research of climate change impact on the water cycle is one of the most exiting research perspectives in the study of relationship of climate change and water science. Due to the serious water resource situation plus climate change influence, the challenge and opportunity of the basic research work in the climate change impact on water resource were given. The climate change and water cycle study is the international forefront in the area of climatology, meteorology and hydrology. The detection and attribution of water cycle components change have become the international challenging problems, as well as the quantitative analysis and prediction of the uncertainties in a hydrological system; the research of water cycle response to climate change is developing from offline hydrologic simulations to coupling climate change with hydrological dynamics; study of the water resources vulnerability has become a key problem to deal with climate change and secure the water resources security. In the circumstances of the climate change, it is necessary to reexamine the hypotheses in traditional hydrological theories, as well as the spatial variability, uncertainty and hydrological extremes in regional hydrological studies. Carrying out the research of climate change impact on water resource and adoption measures is one of the  biggest scientific problems of water sciences and water resource in the 21 century. 


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