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地球科学进展  2007, Vol. 22 Issue (8): 857-865    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2007.08.0857
全球变化研究     
全球变化中的北极碳汇:现状与未来
高众勇1,2,陈立奇1,2,3,CAI Wei-jun4, WANG Yong-chen4
1.国家海洋局海洋—大气化学与全球变化重点实验室,福建 厦门 361005; 2.国家海洋局第三海洋研究所,福建 厦门 361005; 3.国家海洋局极地考察办公室,北京 100860; 4.Department of Marine Sciences, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA,30602
Arctic Carbon Sink in Global Change: Present and Future
GAO Zhong-yong1,2 ,  CHEN Li-qi1,2,3,CAI Wei-jun4,WANG Yong-chen4
1.Key Laboratory of Global Change and Marine-Atmospheric Chemistry,SOA,Xiamen 361005,China;2.Third Institute of Oceanography State Oceanic Administration,Xiamen 361005,China;3.Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration, Beijing 100860, China;4.Department of Marine Sciences, University of Geogia Athens GA USA 30602
 全文: PDF(3373 KB)  
摘要:

由于海冰覆盖,北极碳汇(Arctic Carbon Sink)在全球碳通量预算中经常被忽略或简单处理。但随着全球变化加剧,北极发生快速变化,北极碳循环及其对全球变化的响应与反馈日趋重要。综合对北极碳汇的研究结果,分析了北极碳汇的来源、变化以及主要调控因子,评估了北极碳汇现状。探讨了在全球变化中,影响北极碳汇变化的因素及其对未来北极碳汇变化趋势的影响。

关键词: 碳通量碳汇全球变化CO2北冰洋    
Abstract:

The Arctic carbon sink was always ignored in the global carbon budget or dealt with in a simple way because the central Arctic was covered by ice yearlong. This view has changed, however, recently. With the increasing rates of global changes, the Arctic Ocean also changes. It becomes clearer that it is of paramount importance to understand the interplay between the carbon cycle in Arctic Ocean. This paper summarizes the current results on Arctic carbon sink (ACS), analyzes sources, variations and the controlling factors of the ACS, and then estimates the current status of ASC. The trend of ACS variation in the future is also evaluated here.

Key words: Arctic Ocean    Carbon fluxes    Carbon sink    Global change    Carbon dioxide.
收稿日期: 2007-04-23 出版日期: 2007-08-10
:  P727  
基金资助:

国家自然科学青年基金项目“西北冰洋与白令海CO2体系特征及变异”(编号:40406014);国家自然科学基金重点项目“白令海与西北冰洋碳通量及其对北极快速变化的响应”(编号:40531007);国家自然科学基金项目“南极中山站大气铅污染的同位素示踪研究”(编号:40676062);国家海洋局青年基金项目“北冰洋CO2体系及其海—气交换通量研究”(编号:2004606);福建省青年科技人才创新项目“南极普里兹湾CO2海—气交换通量及其主要调控因子研究”(编号:2004J056);福建省自然科学基金项目(编号:Z0513027);极地科学重点实验室资助项目(编号:KP2005003);国家海洋局第三海洋研究所所长基金项目“南北极海区碳循环的差异对比研究”资助.

通讯作者: 高众勇(1975-),男,福建连江人,研究员,主要从事极区碳循环研究.E-mail: zgao@263.net     E-mail: zgao@263.net
作者简介: 高众勇(1975-),男,福建连江人,研究员,主要从事极区碳循环研究.E-mail: zgao@263.net
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引用本文:

高众勇,陈立奇,CAI Wei-jun,WANG Yong-chen. 全球变化中的北极碳汇:现状与未来[J]. 地球科学进展, 2007, 22(8): 857-865.

GAO Zhong-yong, CHEN Li-qi,CAI Wei-jun,WANG Yong-chen. Arctic Carbon Sink in Global Change: Present and Future. Advances in Earth Science, 2007, 22(8): 857-865.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2007.08.0857        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2007/V22/I8/857

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