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地球科学进展  2007, Vol. 22 Issue (1): 41-48    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2007.01.0041
综述与评述     
热液条件下CO2和H2反应产烃研究进展
季福武1, 2,周怀阳1,杨群慧1
1.中国科学院广州地球化学研究所,广东 广州510640;2.中国科学院研究生院,北京 100049
Review on the Researches about Abiotic Synthesis of Hydrocarbons from Dissolved CO2 and H2 under Hydrothermal Conditions
JI Fu-wu1, 2, ZHOU Huai-yang1, YANG Qun-hui1
1.Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, China;2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
 全文: PDF(147 KB)  
摘要:

热液条件下CO2和H2形成烷烃的反应,提供了自然条件下CO2转化为有机质的一条非生物途径。研究这一过程,对于油气费托非生物成因研究和海底热液生命起源的讨论具有重要意义。已有研究表明,热力学有利的温度、压强条件和合适的催化剂,是热液条件下CO2和H2发生反应形成烷烃的必需条件。在热力学有利的条件下,铬铁矿能够催化反应形成CH4、C2H6和C3H8,但还不清楚是否存在能够促使反应产生C4H10等长链烷烃的天然矿物催化剂。含一种或多种过渡金属元素的磁铁矿,可能是值得考察的对象。另外,研究热液条件下CO2和H2反应形成烷烃的过程和机理,建立反应所形成烷烃的C、H同位素综合判识指标,是今后值得探索的研究课题。

关键词: 热液条件非生物    
Abstract:

It is energetically feasible for hydrocarbons to be synthesized from dissolved carbon dioxide and hydrogen under appropriate hydrothermal conditions. Hydrocarbons formed this way may contribute to oil and gas accumulation and provide the precursor organic compounds for the origin and evolution of life on the early earth. It is reported that the formation of hydrocarbons will be hampered for kinetic reasons, and CH4 and C2H6, C3H8 may produced from CO2 and H2 catalyzed by awaruite and chromite under hydrothermal conditions. More research work is needed to confirm whether there are some natural minerals which can catalysis dissolved carbon dioxide and hydrogen to produce C4H10 and other longer chain hydrocarbons. Magnetite that bears one or more other transitional metal elements may be potential. It is also needed to reveal the mechanism of the reaction and the C, H isotope fractions in this process, which may be useful to establish a criterion for discriminating the abiotic hydrocarbons formed from CO2 and H2 from those originated from organic matter under hydrothermal conditions.

Key words: Hydrothermal condition    Abiotic.    Hydrocarbon
收稿日期: 2006-06-29 出版日期: 2007-01-10
:  P513  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金重点项目“胡安·德富卡洋脊Endeavour 段热液生态环境变化与地球化学制约机理研究”(编号:40532011);面上项目“热液微生物与金属硫化物相互作用的模拟实验研究”(编号: 40473032)和“东北热带太平洋近表层沉积物生物扰动作用研究”(编号:40406010)联合资助.

通讯作者: 季福武(1979-),男,江苏盱眙人,博士研究生,主要从事地球化学方面的研究.E-mail: jifuwu@gig.ac.cn     E-mail: jifuwu@gig.ac.cn
作者简介: 季福武(1979-),男,江苏盱眙人,博士研究生,主要从事地球化学方面的研究.E-mail:jifuwu@gig.ac.cn
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引用本文:

季福武,周怀阳,杨群慧. 热液条件下CO2和H2反应产烃研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2007, 22(1): 41-48.

JI Fu-wu, ZHOU Huai-yang, YANG Qun-hui. Review on the Researches about Abiotic Synthesis of Hydrocarbons from Dissolved CO2 and H2 under Hydrothermal Conditions. Advances in Earth Science, 2007, 22(1): 41-48.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2007.01.0041        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2007/V22/I1/41

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