地球科学进展 ›› 2016, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (9): 894 -906. doi: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2016.09.0894

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林杰 1, 3( ), 庄广胜 2, 王成善 1, 3, 戴紧根 1, 3   
  1. 1.中国地质大学(北京)地球科学与资源学院,北京 100083
    2.路易斯安那州立大学地质与地球物理系,路易斯安那州 巴吞鲁日 70803
    3.中国地质大学(北京)生物与环境地质国家重点实验室,北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2016-07-06 修回日期:2016-08-28 出版日期:2016-09-20
  • 基金资助:

Research Progress of Leaf-wax Hydrogen Isotope Paleoaltimetry

Jie Lin 1, 3( ), Guangsheng Zhuang 2, Chengshan Wang 1, 3, Jin’gen Dai 1, 3   

  1. 1.School of Earth Sciences and Resources, China University of Geosciences (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China
    2.Department of Geology and Geophysics, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
    3.State Key Laboratory of Biogeology and Environmental Geology, Research Center for Tibetan Plateau Geology, China University of Geosciences (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2016-07-06 Revised:2016-08-28 Online:2016-09-20 Published:2016-09-20
  • About author:

    First author:Lin Jie(1992-),male,Yuncheng City,Shanxi Province,Ph.D student. Research areas include paleoaltimetry of Tibetan Plateau.E-mail:ljietibet@163.com

  • Supported by:
    Project supported by the China Geological Survey project “Thermochronological mapping and mineral resources survey of Lhasa-Qiangtang Terrane in Tibetan Plateau”(No.DD20160027)

高等植物类脂物广泛分布于土壤、河流和湖泊沉积物中,正构烷烃是植物类脂物的重要组成部分。高等陆生植物叶蜡正构烷烃具有较长的链长(nC27-nC33)以及明显的奇偶优势(CPI>5), 其氢同位素组成在一定程度上反映了大气降水的同位素特征,对古高程重建具有重要的指示意义。不同地区的现代土壤正构烷烃氢同位素随高程的递减率有所不同,说明地区性的校正是必要的。蒸散富集作用和生物合成作用过程也会影响正构烷烃氢同位素值。在利用长链正构烷烃重建古高程时,需结合古气候、古纬度、古植被等多方面资料综合分析。

Leaf waxes/lipids which are derived from terrestrial higher plants are ubiquitous in fluvial, lake, and marine sediments. N-alkanes are an important component of leaf waxes. Modern leaf wax n-alkanes from terrestrial higher plants are characterized with long chains with 27 to 33 carbon atoms (nC27-nC31) and high carbon preference index (CPI) values (>5). The hydrogen isotopes in n-alkanes are determined by meteoric water compositions, which makes them a potential proxy in paleoaltimetry studies. The lapse rates at which n-alkane hydrogen isotopes in modern soils change with altitude vary in different areas, implying that local calibration has to be conducted. The enrichment due to evapotranspiration and difference in fractionation during biosynthesis also influence n-alkane hydrogen isotopes values. When using long-chain n-alkanes to reconstruct paleoaltitude, many factors such as paleoclimate, paleolatitude and paleobotany should be considered.


图1 湖水富集程度与 nC 29表观分馏系数关系图(据参考文献[69]修改)
Fig.1 Relationship between the isotopic enrichment of lake water from local precipitation and the apparent fractionation between the C 29 n-alkane and local precipitation(modified after reference [69])
图2 东亚季风主控地区土壤 δ 2 H n C 29 与高程关系图
Fig.2 Soil δ 2 H n C 29 vs. altitude in East Asian Monsoon dominant area
Mt. Gongga data from references[39,52], Mt. Taibai data from reference[37], Mt. Wuyi and Shengnongjia data from reference[36]
图3 印度季风主控地区土壤 δ 2 H n C 29 与高程关系图
Fig.3 Soil δ 2 H n C 29 vs. altitude in Indian Monsoon dominant areas
Mt. Kilimanjaro data from reference[77], Meghalaya area data from reference[40], South Himalayan,Bayi-Lhasa and Zayu-Bomi data from reference[76]
图4 西风带主控地区 δ 2 H n C 29 与高程关系图
Fig.4 δ 2 H n C 29 vs. altitude in Westerlies dominant areas
Mt. Maxian, R.Beida and R.Xiying data from reference[38], Mt.West Kunlun data from reference[39], Mt. Tianshan data from reference[36], Mt. Southern Alps data from reference [42]
图5 中新世丁青湖组由叶蜡和湖相碳酸盐岩计算出的蒸发水和未蒸发降水氢氧同位素组成
Fig.5 Hydrogen and oxygen isotopic composition of evaporated waters and unevaporated precipitation calculated from plant-waxes and lacustrine carbonates of the Miocene Dingqing Formation
Filled dot represent δ 2H and δ 18O of evaporated waters calculated from leaf waxes and lacustrine carbonates, while empty dots represent δ 2H and δ 18O of meteoric precipitations which are revised by LLEF. Modified after reference[69]
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