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地球科学进展  2016, Vol. 31 Issue (9): 894-906    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2016.09.0894
综述与评述     
叶蜡单体氢同位素古高程计研究进展
林杰1, 3, 庄广胜2, 王成善1, 3, 戴紧根1, 3
1.中国地质大学(北京)地球科学与资源学院,北京 100083;
2.路易斯安那州立大学地质与地球物理系,路易斯安那州 巴吞鲁日 70803;
3.中国地质大学(北京)生物与环境地质国家重点实验室,北京 100083
Research Progress of Leaf-wax Hydrogen Isotope Paleoaltimetry
Lin Jie1, 3, Zhuang Guangsheng2, Wang Chengshan1, 3, Dai Jin’gen1, 3
1.School of Earth Sciences and Resources, China University of Geosciences (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China;
2.Department of Geology and Geophysics, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA;
3.State Key Laboratory of Biogeology and Environmental Geology, Research Center for Tibetan Plateau Geology, China University of Geosciences (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China
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摘要: 高等植物类脂物广泛分布于土壤、河流和湖泊沉积物中,正构烷烃是植物类脂物的重要组成部分。高等陆生植物叶蜡正构烷烃具有较长的链长(nC27-nC33)以及明显的奇偶优势(CPI>5), 其氢同位素组成在一定程度上反映了大气降水的同位素特征,对古高程重建具有重要的指示意义。不同地区的现代土壤正构烷烃氢同位素随高程的递减率有所不同,说明地区性的校正是必要的。蒸散富集作用和生物合成作用过程也会影响正构烷烃氢同位素值。在利用长链正构烷烃重建古高程时,需结合古气候、古纬度、古植被等多方面资料综合分析。
关键词: 氢同位素表观分馏系数古高程叶蜡正构烷烃    
Abstract: Leaf waxes/lipids which are derived from terrestrial higher plants are ubiquitous in fluvial, lake, and marine sediments. N-alkanes are an important component of leaf waxes. Modern leaf wax n-alkanes from terrestrial higher plants are characterized with long chains with 27 to 33 carbon atoms (nC27-nC31) and high carbon preference index (CPI) values (>5). The hydrogen isotopes in n-alkanes are determined by meteoric water compositions, which makes them a potential proxy in paleoaltimetry studies. The lapse rates at which n-alkane hydrogen isotopes in modern soils change with altitude vary in different areas, implying that local calibration has to be conducted. The enrichment due to evapotranspiration and difference in fractionation during biosynthesis also influence n-alkane hydrogen isotopes values. When using long-chain n-alkanes to reconstruct paleoaltitude, many factors such as paleoclimate, paleolatitude and paleobotany should be considered.
Key words: Paleoaltimetry    Apparent fractionation.    Leaf wax n-alkanes    Hydrogen isotope composition
收稿日期: 2016-07-06 出版日期: 2016-09-20
:  P597  
基金资助: 中国地质调查局项目“青藏高原拉萨—羌塘地块构造热年代学填图和矿产调查”(编号:DD20160027)资助
作者简介: 林杰(1992-),男,山西运城人,博士研究生,主要从事青藏高原古高程研究.E-mail:ljietibet@163.com
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林杰, 庄广胜, 王成善, 戴紧根. 叶蜡单体氢同位素古高程计研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2016, 31(9): 894-906.

Lin Jie, Zhuang Guangsheng, Wang Chengshan, Dai Jin&#x, gen. Research Progress of Leaf-wax Hydrogen Isotope Paleoaltimetry. Advances in Earth Science, 2016, 31(9): 894-906.

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http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2016.09.0894        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2016/V31/I9/894

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