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地球科学进展  2005, Vol. 20 Issue (2): 193-200    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2005.02.0193
综述与评述     
无机地球化学参数与有效烃源岩发育环境的相关研究
腾格尔1,2,刘文汇3,徐永昌1,陈践发4
1.南京大学,江苏 南京210093;
2.中国石化石油勘探开发研究院无锡实验地质研究所,江苏无锡 214151;
3.中国石化石油勘探开发研究院,北京 100083;
4.石油大学,北京 昌平 102200
CORRELATIVE STUDY ON PARAMETERS OF INORGANIC GEOCHEMISTRY AND HYDROCARBON SOURCE ROCKS FORMATIVE ENVIRONMENT
1.Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093,China;
2.Wuxi Research Institute of Experimental Geology,Sinopec, Wuxi 214151,China;
3. Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development, Sinopec, Beijing 100083, China;
4. Petroleum University, Beijing Changping 102200, China
 全文: PDF(200 KB)  
摘要:

探索海相有效烃源岩判识指标仍是我国油气勘探中尚待解决的重要科研任务之一。古生产力及氧化还原条件是研究全球变化和海洋环境的重要内容,也是重塑有效烃源岩发育环境的主要参数。Si、Ba是古生产力的替代指标,Cd对古营养盐的反演具良好前景。过渡金属及其相关比值是缺氧环境的有效判识指标,可用其推断有机质保存条件。δ13Ccarb正偏移指示有机质埋藏量增加,是底部水体缺氧的响应。过渡金属同位素(δ65Cu、δ66Zn、δ97Mo)受生物活动及氧化还原条件的影响发生较大分馏,示踪环境变化具灵敏、高效性。将这些无机参数对古环境的示踪意义引入油气地质研究,从环境角度分析某一套地层能否发育有效烃源岩,进而探讨高演化海相有效烃源岩的判识,就更具特殊意义。

关键词: 有效烃源岩微量元素稳定同位素古生产力缺氧条件    
Abstract:

The accurate evaluation of validity for marine hydrocarbon source rocks is one of pending important problem in oil and gas exploration and developments. Paleo-productivity and redox conditions are key variables of marine environment, global changes and paleo-environment of effective hydrocarbon source rocks(EHSR). Organic Si and Ba enrichments are evidence for enhanced productivity in marine sediments, especially, Ba enrichments can use to further investigate EHSR. Cd was used an indicator of paleo-nutrient levels, however, some limitations are visualized when it is intended as a contrast parameters of EHSR. Transitional elements, especially trace metals have been used as geochemical tools to understand anoxic depositon of recent sediments and ancient rocks, which can conclude the preservative conditions of organic matter. Positive δ13C excursions are explained generally by elevated rates of organic carbon burial. It is also the response to anoxic bottom waters that are propitious to preservation of organic matter, and organic carbon isotopic trends towards depletedδ13C values under such condition. The transition metal isotopes(δ65Cu、δ66Zn、δ97Mo)can also be taken as a tracers of peleoredox conditions and biogeochemical processes for marine environments and global change researchs, which have high efficiency, sensitive, and have formed currently a new frontier in earth sciences. The trace meaning of above inorganic parameters combination to developable environment of EHSR are used for reference in oil and gas geochemical studies, whether had existed as EHSR are explored in high evolutive marine sedimentary beds, accordingly, which offer a new way for the accurate assess of EHSR during high-over mature stage.

Key words: Effective hydrocarbon source rocks    Trace element    Stable isotope    Paleo-productivity    Anoxic condition.
收稿日期: 2004-01-29 出版日期: 2005-02-25
:  P618.13  
基金资助:

国家重点基础研究发展规划项目“中国典型叠合盆地优质烃源岩发育环境及控制因素”(编号:G1999043306)和“高效天然气藏形成分布与凝析、低效气藏经济开发的基础研究”(编号:2001CB209102)资助.

通讯作者: 腾格尔     E-mail: tenger67@sohu.com
作者简介: 腾格尔(1967-),男,蒙古族,内蒙古科左后旗人,高级工程师,主要从事油气地球化学研究. E-mail: tenger67@sohu.com
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腾格尔;刘文汇;徐永昌;陈践发. 无机地球化学参数与有效烃源岩发育环境的相关研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2005, 20(2): 193-200.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2005/V20/I2/193

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