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地球科学进展  2001, Vol. 16 Issue (1): 39-44    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2001.01.0039
综述与评述     
西部干旱区内陆河流域脆弱生态环境研究进展——以新疆塔里木河流域为例
王让会1,游先祥2
1.中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所,新疆 乌鲁木齐 830011; 2.北京林业大学资源环境学院,北京100083
PROGRESS IN THE STUDY ON FRAGILE ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT IN THE WEST PART OF ARID ZONE:TAKING TARIM RIVER BASIN AS AN EXAMPLE
Wang Ranghui1, You Xianxiang2
1.Xinjiang Institute Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Urumqi 830011,China;  2.Resource and Environment College,Beijing Forestry University,Beijing 100083,China
 全文: PDF 
摘要:

干旱区内陆河流域的脆弱生态环境是在长期的演变过程中形成的。人类对自然资源,特别是水资源的不合理利用,加剧了脆弱生态环境的演变过程,影响了干旱区的生态安全。从国内外脆弱生态环境研究进展状况以及以塔里木河流域为典型代表的干旱区内陆河流域自然地理特征分析中,揭示了脆弱生态环境的特征及演变规律。近一个世纪以来,人们针对内陆河流域的人与环境问题、水资源问题(包括水文地质、水资源变化特征、水环境变化特征)、气候以及自然地理学领域做了大量的研究工作。随着国家西部发展战略的逐步实施,干旱区内陆河流域将成为西部地区重要的资源开发与经济发展潜力巨大的地区。

关键词: 脆弱生态环境生态安全干旱区内陆河流域新疆塔里木河    
Abstract:

The fragile ecological environment has been formed for a 1ong time in continental river basin in arid zone.The evolution process is seriously changed along the utilization of natural resources especially water resource by human beings, which affected ecosafety in arid zone.Depending oil development of fragile ecological environment researches at home and abroad, based on the analysis of physical geography characteristics in the typical Tarim River Basin.the fragile ecological environment features and evolution patterns are revealed.In the past century, people engaged in some research work in the continental river basin in arid zone.Such as, human beings and environment problem, water resource problems including hydrological geology and water amount change features as well as hydrological environment, climatology and physical geography fields etc.With gradual implementation of national development strategies in the west part, the continental river basin would become an important area that has large potential in resoeexploitation and economy development in arid zone.

Key words: Arid zone    Continental river basin    Fragile ecological environment    Xinjiang    Tarim River Basin    Biosafety.
收稿日期: 2000-03-23 出版日期: 2001-02-01
:  Q148  
基金资助:

中国科学院资源与生态环境研究重大项目“绿洲生态系统的生态过程及管理研究” (KZ951-B1-213)专题之二和国家重点基础研究发展规划项目“中国西部干旱区生态环境演变与调控研究”(编号:GI9990435)课题九联台资助.

通讯作者: 王让会     E-mail: bsdr@ms.xjb.ac.cn
作者简介: 王让会(1963-),男.陕西岐山人,副研究员,主要从事干旱区资源环境遥感研究.
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引用本文:

王让会,游先祥. 西部干旱区内陆河流域脆弱生态环境研究进展——以新疆塔里木河流域为例[J]. 地球科学进展, 2001, 16(1): 39-44.

Wang Ranghui, You Xianxiang. PROGRESS IN THE STUDY ON FRAGILE ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT IN THE WEST PART OF ARID ZONE:TAKING TARIM RIVER BASIN AS AN EXAMPLE. Advances in Earth Science, 2001, 16(1): 39-44.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2001.01.0039        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2001/V16/I1/39

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