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地球科学进展  2000, Vol. 15 Issue (3): 313-317    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2000.03.0313
综述与评述     
全球气候变化下水资源脆弱性及其评估方法
唐国平,李秀彬,刘燕华
①中国科学院地理研究所,北京 100101;②国家科技部社会发展司,北京 100872
ASSESSMENT METHOD OF VULNERABILITY OF WATER RESOURCES UNDER GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE
TANG Guoping, LI Xiubin, LIU Yanhua
(①Institute of Geography,Chinese Academy of Science,Beijing 100101,China)
(②Ministry of Science and Technology,Beijing100872,China)
 全文: PDF(315 KB)  
摘要:

气候变化对水资源的影响主要表现在两个方面:①对水资源供给能力的影响;②对水资源需求性的影响。气候变化下水资源脆弱性评估是水资源系统的综合评估,主要包括水资源供给与需求平衡的评估。我国水资源深受气候影响,表现在地区分布不均、洪涝灾害严重、供需矛盾突出等方面;此外,自气候变化引起关注以来,我国有关水资源脆弱性评估的研究甚少。对水资源脆弱性评估方法进行探讨,旨在为进一步探讨气候变化下我国水资源的脆弱性提供依据。

关键词: 气候变化水资源脆弱性评估方法    
Abstract:

Global climate change has been extensively concerned by scientists, policy-makers and the public, and become an important area of investigation in the social and natural sciences and engineering.Global climate change may have major impacts on aquatic ecosystems. The major impacts on water resources are the supply of water resources and the demand of water resources. The vulnerability assessment of water resources is comprehensive analysis of water resources ecosystem, including the supply and demand of water resources. Water resources in our country are deeply affected by climatic change, for example, the disequilibrium of distribution, the floods as well as the droughts. In addition,since the concerns with the global climate change were given, water resources vulnerability in respond to
climatic change in our country has been or is being studied scarcely. Based on the reasons above, the assessment method of vulnerability of water resources under global climate change is probed in this paper,which aims at providing the scientific theoretic basis and foundation for the decision-making of policy-makers and the improvement of theory of vulnerability in our country.

Key words: Climatic change    Water resources    Vulnerability    Assessment method.
收稿日期: 1999-05-31 出版日期: 2000-06-01
:  P343  
基金资助:

“九五”国家重点科技攻关计划“脆弱生态区综合整治与可持续发展研究”(编号:96-920-13)资助。

通讯作者: 唐国平,男,1969年9月生于湖南,博士研究生,主要从事资源开发利用与环境整治研究。   
作者简介: 唐国平,男,1969年9月生于湖南,博士研究生,主要从事资源开发利用与环境整治研究。
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引用本文:

唐国平,李秀彬,刘燕华. 全球气候变化下水资源脆弱性及其评估方法[J]. 地球科学进展, 2000, 15(3): 313-317.

TANG Guoping, LI Xiubin, LIU Yanhua. ASSESSMENT METHOD OF VULNERABILITY OF WATER RESOURCES UNDER GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE. Advances in Earth Science, 2000, 15(3): 313-317.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2000.03.0313        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2000/V15/I3/313

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