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地球科学进展  1991, Vol. 6 Issue (3): 38-43    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.1991.03.0038
中国科学院兰州冰川冻土研究所  730000
Qin Dahe
Lanzhou Institute of Glacidogy and Geocryology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou  730000
 全文: PDF(210 KB)  


关键词: 南极冰川学冰芯全球变化    

The snow and ice masses existing in the Antarctic Regions are the object of Antaretic glaciological research. The snow and ice and its variations have a strong impact on water distrbution and ciecle on the earth and changes of global climate nad environment;therefore Antarctic glaciology is not only on the for-ward position of Antarctic science, but plays an important role in the global change research.
As early as the exploring period, the snow and ice had begun to be investigated and described. In the International Geophysical Year, some thousand scientists landed Antarctica and glaciological investigation was one of most important activities of them. Because the Antarctic ice sheet stores the very detailed record of past global climate and environment changes on a time-scale ranging from annual resolution to 105 and even 106 years,the ice core study have been received much more attention. The Vostok ice core studies done by French and Russian scientists have revealed a history of 160, 000 year climatic changes. Antarctic glaciology at present is forging rapidly ahead both in large-scale and in microcosm, and more and more disciplines are involved. Among the several hot spots of Antarctic glaciology, in the author opinion, two subjects are the most important. One is the mass and dynamic balance of ice sheet-sea level and climatic changes;and another is the ice core study.
Chinese Antarctic research, starting late and only having a ten year history, has lagged quite far behind international advanced level. The author therefore makes the following suggestions:(1)Our Antarctic glaciological study should take aim at international level because of its strong international character;(2)A batch of prime scientific and technical workers needs to be fosterred ; (3)We must pay close attention to the construction of modern Laboratory for Antarctic glaciological research;(4)Various departments and disciplines in our country should co-operate and contact very well.

Key words: glaciology    ice core    global changes    suggestion
收稿日期: 1991-01-23 出版日期: 1991-05-01
通讯作者: 秦大河   
作者简介: 秦大河
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秦大河. 南极冰川学的发展、热点及展望[J]. 地球科学进展, 1991, 6(3): 38-43.

Qin Dahe. DEVELOPMENT, HOT SPOTS AND PROSPECTS OF ANTARCTIC GLACIOLOGY. Advances in Earth Science, 1991, 6(3): 38-43.


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