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地球科学进展  2017, Vol. 32 Issue (7): 707-715    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2017.07.0707
综述与评述     
秦岭新生代构造隆升与环境效应:进展与问题
王斌1, 常宏2, 段克勤1
1.陕西师范大学地理科学与旅游学院, 地理国家级实验教学示范中心, 陕西 西安 710119;
2.中国科学院地球环境研究所, 黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室, 陕西 西安 710061
The Tectonic Uplift and Its Environmental Effects of the Qinling Mountains During the Cenozoic Era: Progress and Problems
Wang Bin1, Chang Hong2, Duan Keqin1
1.National Demonstration Center for Experimental Geography Education, School of Geography and Tourism, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710119, China;
2.State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi’an 710061, China
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摘要: 秦岭东西绵延上千公里,是一座位于我国地理中心部位的雄伟高大山脉,其在地质和地理学研究中均具有非常突出的地位。从地质学角度看秦岭在中国大陆形成和演化过程中具有很重要的位置,其位于华北地块与扬子地块的拼接部位,是中国大陆构造格架的脊梁;在地理学上秦岭又是中国南北方地理分界线,对地理、气候、生态乃至人文环境的南北分异都起着决定作用。前人对秦岭造山带动力学和构造演化进行了大量研究,但多聚焦于古生代早期碰撞和中生代构造演化,而对其新生代以来的构造隆升过程和隆升后所引起的气候环境效应关注较少。对近几十年来开展的围绕秦岭新生代构造隆升和环境效应研究成果进行梳理,指出当前取得的进展及亟待解决的问题,为今后研究提供借鉴。
关键词: 新生代秦岭构造隆升环境效应    
Abstract: The Qinling Orogen, a majestic high mountain, is located in the center of China mainland. Qinling Mountains is nearly 2 500 km from the west to the east. It holds a very prominent role not only in the geological but also in the geographical study. In geology, it was built through collision between the North China and South China Blocks. It became the backbone of the tectonic framework of China mainland. In the other way, Qinling is the geographical boundaries in ecological and cultural environment between the northern and the southern China. Many previous studies have dealt with the tectonic system dynamics and structural evolution of Qinling, but most work has focused on the tectonic evolution of the Qinling from the Paleozoic to the Mesozoic. However, the Cenozoic tectonic uplift evolution of Qinling has caused less attention, and little research has been done on the environmental effect of Qinling. And there are still debates about these two questions. The purpose of this paper was to provide an overview of the current studies about the Cenozoic tectonic uplift and its environmental effects of the Qinling Mountains. Finally, this paper pointed out the existing research achievements and the problems to be solved in future research.
Key words: Tectonic uplift    Environmental effects.    Qinling Mountains    Cenozoic
收稿日期: 2017-02-28 出版日期: 2017-07-20
ZTFLH:  P546  
基金资助: 国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目“渭河盆地南缘新生界:年代厘定与物源分析”(编号:41602182); 中央高校基本科研业务费“渭河盆地晚中新世灞河组碎屑锆石物源示踪研究”(编号:GK201603074)资助
作者简介: 王斌(1984-),男,陕西商洛人,讲师,主要从事地表过程与全球变化研究.E-mail:bin.wang@snnu.edu.cn
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引用本文:

王斌, 常宏, 段克勤. 秦岭新生代构造隆升与环境效应:进展与问题[J]. 地球科学进展, 2017, 32(7): 707-715.

Wang Bin, Chang Hong, Duan Keqin. The Tectonic Uplift and Its Environmental Effects of the Qinling Mountains During the Cenozoic Era: Progress and Problems. Advances in Earth Science, 2017, 32(7): 707-715.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2017.07.0707        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2017/V32/I7/707

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