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地球科学进展  2015, Vol. 30 Issue (11): 1198-1209    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2015.11.1198
综述与评述     
植物挥发性有机物的气候与环境效应研究进展
张学珍1, 于志博1, 2, 郑景云1, 郝志新1
1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 中国科学院陆地表层格局与模拟院重点实验室, 北京100101;
2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
Research Progress on the Climatic and Environmental Effects of Biogenic Volatile Organic Compounds (BVOCs)
Zhang Xuezhen1, Yu Zhibo1, 2, Zheng Jingyun1, Hao Zhixin1
1. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
 全文: PDF(1245 KB)  
摘要: 植物挥发性有机物(Biogenic Volatile Organic Compounds,BVOCs)是大气中挥发性有机化合物(VOCs)的主要组分,具有重要的气候与环境效应。在梳理和总结既有研究成果的基础上,立足于BVOCs的大气化学过程,阐述了BVOCs不同组分的化学反应过程及其在大气臭氧(O3)和二次有机气溶胶(SOA)污染形成中的作用,指出了BVOCs在O3和SOA污染形成中的重要性,以及BVOCs影响地球气候的2种主要途径:①通过形成SOA以气溶胶的形式影响地球大气辐射平衡;②参与地球碳循环,影响CH4和CO等温室气体的寿命。进而,分别总结了BVOCs通过上述2个途径对地球气候影响的研究成果;阐述了BVOCs观测技术的现状与排放量估算模型的发展历程,分析了模型的优缺点与模型间的传承关系及其与气候系统模式耦合的现状。同时展望了BVOCs气候与环境效应亟需深入研究的问题,包括BVOCs氧化机制、产物的理化性质、耦合BVOCs排放及大气化学过程的地球系统模式研制等。
关键词: 气候与环境效应植物挥发性有机物(BVOCs)地球系统模式    
Abstract: As an important component of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) in atmosphere, the Biogenetic Volatile Organic Compounds (BVOCs) has crucial effects on climate and environment. This paper collected and reviewed existing studies. Firstly, on the basis of reviewing gas-phase of chemistry processes of BVOCs from the existing studies, we described mechanisms in which BVOCs lead to the O3 pollution and Secondary Organic Aerosol (SOA) pollution. The importance of BVOCs on the formations of O3 and SOA pollutions were thereby highlighted. Secondly, through reviewing on the existing studies, we summarized two pathways in which BVOCs regulate the earth climate. One pathway is modifying radiation budgets of low level of atmosphere through transforming into SOA. The other pathway is taking part in the carbon cycle of earth to modify the lifetime of greenhouse gases, such as CH4 and CO. The latest researches on the climatic effects of BVOCs exhibiting on the two pathways were also summarized. Thirdly, along with the temporal ways, the development history of emission model of BVOCs was reviewed and the present measurement technology of BVOCs was summarized. The advantages and disadvantages of models and successions of models were reviewed.The present status on the coupling climate model and BVOCs emission model was also depicted. Finally, on the basis of general picture of existing studies, we proposed two research directions which should be enhanced to improve our understanding on the climatic and environmental effects of BVOCs. One direction is studying the oxidation mechanism of BVOCs in the atmosphere and physical and chemical properties of the oxidation products. The other direction is developing new earth system model with coupling the emission and chemistry process of BVOCs.
Key words: Biogenic Volatile Organic Compounds (BVOCs)    Earth system model.    Climatic and environmental effects
收稿日期: 2015-09-10 出版日期: 2015-11-20
:  P461+.7  
基金资助: 国家自然科学基金项目“过去300年中国森林覆盖变化对气候变化的影响模拟研究”(编号: 41471171); 中国科学院青年创新促进会人才培养基金(编号:2015038)资助
作者简介: 张学珍(1981-),男,山东济宁人,副研究员,主要从事地—气相互作用研究.E-mail: xzzhang@igsnrr.ac.cn
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引用本文:

张学珍, 于志博, 郑景云, 郝志新. 植物挥发性有机物的气候与环境效应研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2015, 30(11): 1198-1209.

Zhang Xuezhen, Yu Zhibo, Zheng Jingyun, Hao Zhixin. Research Progress on the Climatic and Environmental Effects of Biogenic Volatile Organic Compounds (BVOCs). Advances in Earth Science, 2015, 30(11): 1198-1209.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2015.11.1198        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2015/V30/I11/1198

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