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地球科学进展  2013, Vol. 28 Issue (10): 1126-1135    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2013.10.1126
综述与评述     
渭河盆地新生代地层与沉积演化研究: 现状和问题
王斌1, 郑洪波2, *, 王平2, 何忠3
1.南京大学地球科学与工程学院, 江苏 南京 210093; 
2.南京师范大学地理科学学院, 江苏 南京210046; 
3. 西北农林科技大学水土保持研究所, 陕西 杨凌 712100
The Cenozoic Strata and Depositional Evolution of Weihe Basin: Progresses and Problems
Wang Bin1, Zheng Hongbo2, Wang Ping2, He Zhong3
1. School of Earth Sciences and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China; 
2. School of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, China; 
3. Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
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摘要:

在前人划分基础上对渭河盆地新生代地层进行了重新梳理和部分修订, 将红河组、白鹿塬组、冷水沟组、寇家村组、灞河组、蓝田组、三门组等区域地层单位及第四纪黄土—古土壤与《中国区域年代地层表》进行了对照:把原属于蓝田组底部的砾岩层划入灞河组;对三门组的概念和内涵进行了界定, 认为其和蓝田组属于同期异相沉积而不存在上下关系;主张取消“张家坡组”和“游河组”并将其归入三门组。分析了渭河盆地始新世以来的构造张裂和沉积演化历史, 认为始新世和晚中新世是其发育演化最重要的2个阶段, 在时间和动力上与秦岭造山带的隆升以及鄂尔多斯高原的演化具有协同一致性。

关键词: 秦岭渭河盆地新生代地层    
Abstract:

On the basis of the previous stratigraphic research, the Cenozoic strata in the Weihe Basin have been recognized and partially revised. The main regional stratigraphic units in the Weihe Basin are compared with the “China Regional Chronostratigraphic (Geo-chronologic) Scale”, including the Honghe Formation, the Bauluyuan Formation, and the Lengshuigou Formation, the Koujiacun Formation, the Bahe Formation, the Lantian Formation, the Sanmen Formation and the Quaternary loesspaleosol. We found that the conglomerate at the bottom of Lantian Formation should be thought as the upper part of the Bahe Formation. The Sanmen Formation is defined more clearly that it has no vertical relationship with the Lantian Formation. These two formations are the contemporaneous heterotopic facies within the same deposition period, but over different environments, and they have never been found in one section in the Weihe Basin. The “Zhangjiapo Formation” and the “Youhe Formation” were wrongly founded and placed in time before, they should be concealed and belong to the “Sanmen Formation”. The tectonic rifting and sedimentary evolution of the Weihe Basin has been analyzed and reviewed, and the Eocene and late Miocene are found as the two most important developmental stages of the Weihe Basin during the Cenozoic era. The Weihe basin is synergistic and related to the uplifting of the Qinling Mountains and the evolution of the Ordos Plateau in time and motivation.

Key words: Weihe Basin    Cenozoic strata.    Qinling Mountains
收稿日期: 2013-06-13 出版日期: 2013-10-10
:  P534.61  
基金资助:

中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(B类)“青藏高原多层圈相互作用及其资源环境效应”(编号:XDB03020300)资助.

通讯作者: 郑洪波(1965-), 男, 山东乳山人, 教授, 主要从事第四纪地质与过去全球变化研究. E-mail: zhenghb@njnu.edu.cn   
作者简介: 王斌(1984-), 男, 陕西商洛人, 博士研究生, 主要从事新生代环境研究. E-mail: wbcenozoic@gmail.com
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引用本文:

王斌,郑洪波,王平,何忠. 渭河盆地新生代地层与沉积演化研究: 现状和问题[J]. 地球科学进展, 2013, 28(10): 1126-1135.

Wang Bin,Zheng Hongbo,Wang Ping,He Zhong. The Cenozoic Strata and Depositional Evolution of Weihe Basin: Progresses and Problems. Advances in Earth Science, 2013, 28(10): 1126-1135.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2013.10.1126        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2013/V28/I10/1126

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