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地球科学进展  2013, Vol. 28 Issue (10): 1119-1125    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2013.10.1119
综述与评述     
国内外气候舒适度评价研究进展
闫业超1, 岳书平1, 刘学华2, 王丹丹1, 陈慧1
1. 南京信息工程大学遥感学院,江苏 南京 210044; 2. 浙江省金华市气象局,浙江 金华 321000
Advances on Assessment of Bioclimatic Comfort Conditions at Home and Abroad
YAN Yechao1, YUE Shuping1, Liu Xuehua2, WANG Dandan1, Chen Hui1
1. College of Remote Sensing, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, China; 2. Jinhua Meteorological Administration, Jinhua 321000, China
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摘要:

开展气候舒适度评价对于科学指导旅游出行、客观评价城市人居环境等都具有重要的理论价值和实践意义, 近年来随着旅游业的蓬勃发展和生活质量的普遍提高, 气候舒适度评价愈发成为当前研究的热点问题。在回顾近百年来该领域研究成果的基础上, 划分出气候舒适度评价的3个重要时期, 介绍了每个时期具广泛影响的人体舒适度模型, 论述了各种模型提出的时代背景、基本思想和适用条件。研究表明:气候舒适度评价由简单的经验模型向复杂的机理模型、由时空局限性模型向客观普适性模型发展, 具有精细化、客观化的发展趋势;目前, 国内气候舒适度评价研究中仍以经验模型的应用较为普遍, 但在模型的选择上要注意其季节及地域适用性;发展具有普适性的气候舒适度评价模型、探索气候舒适度精细化评估技术是今后研究中亟待解决的问题;开展特色宜人气候评价有望拓展舒适气候评价研究的深度和范围, 是今后重要的研究方向。

关键词: 人体舒适指数模型适用性特色宜人气候评价    
Abstract:

The evaluation of bioclimatic comfort conditions has very important theoretical meaning and practical value, not only beacause it can help travelers choose their favorate holiday destinations, but also because it can provide scientific foundation for the assessment of urban living environment. It has become a hot topic recently, driven by the flourishing tourism and the improvement of people’s living standard. The research history on assessment of bioclimatic comfort conditions, which may date back almost a century, is divided into three peroids based on a detailed survey of literature related to this topic over the past century. The infulential assessment models in each period are introduced. The historical background, basic idea and applicable conditions for each model are described in detail. The research shows that: ①bioclimatic comfort assessment models have been evolved from simple empirical models limited to space and time into complicated, impersonal, and universal energybalance models, which shows the trend of sophistication and objectivity; ②Today, empirical models are still widely used for the assessment of comfortable climates in China, and thus it is important to select the appropriate ones to make sure they are good for use for a study area or in a particular season; ③there are some problems calling for immediate resolution, such as to develop universal assessment models as well as to explore finescale assessment techniques; ④the evaluation on featured comfortable climates, which might expand the study area of comfortable climates assessment, is an important research direction in the future.

Key words: Featured comfortable climates.    Bioclimatic comfort index    Applicability of models    Assessment
收稿日期: 2013-03-26 出版日期: 2013-10-10
:  P4  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目“降雨侵蚀力因子空间数据不确定性研究”(编号:40901062)资助.

作者简介: 闫业超(1979-),男,山东枣庄人,副教授,主要从事GIS分析与应用研究.E-mail: yanyechao@163.com
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引用本文:

闫业超,岳书平,刘学华,王丹丹,陈慧. 国内外气候舒适度评价研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2013, 28(10): 1119-1125.

YAN Yechao,YUE Shuping,Liu Xuehua,WANG Dandan,Chen Hui. Advances on Assessment of Bioclimatic Comfort Conditions at Home and Abroad. Advances in Earth Science, 2013, 28(10): 1119-1125.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2013.10.1119        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2013/V28/I10/1119

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