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地球科学进展  2016, Vol. 31 Issue (2): 147-160    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2016.02.0147
综述与评述     
我国油(气)田水钾资源研究进展
穆延宗,乜 贞*,卜令忠,王云生,伍 倩
中国地质科学院矿产资源所 国土资源部盐湖资源与环境重点实验室, 北京 100037
Progress in Study of Potash Resources of Oil (Gas) Field Brine in China
Mu Yanzong, Nie Zhen,Bu Lingzhong, Wang Yunsheng, Wu Qian
MLR Key Laboratory of Saline Lake Resources and Environments, Institute of Mineral Resources, CAGS,Beijing 100037, China
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摘要: 我国是一个拥有13亿人口的农业大国,但是钾盐资源紧缺,多年来对外依存度高达50%以上。在地表盐湖增储潜力有限、海相地层找钾尚未取得突破性进展的情况下,富钾油(气)田水成为解决我国钾资源燃眉之急的首选。近年来,国内在“油钾兼探”方针的指导下对富钾油(气)田水进行了大量勘探、调查评价和研究工作并取得了丰硕的成果。从卤水特点、卤水地球化学和资源评价3个方面总结了前人对柴达木盆地、四川盆地、江汉盆地、塔里木盆地等重要钾盐前景区油(气)田水的研究成果,得出了我国不同盆地油(气)田水资源特点,评价了各盆地油(气)田水研究现状,认为应该重点加强对柴达木盆地西部地区的油(气)田水找钾及研究工作,而且各盆地在油(气)田水资源评价方面研究薄弱,亟需建立油(气)田水资源评价标准与方法。
关键词: 油(气)田水油钾兼探钾盐资源卤水地球化学资源评价    
Abstract: With a population of 1.3 billion, China is a large agricultural country. However, China is short of potash resources as the external dependence is more than 50% for many years. With the limited possibility for increasing potash reserves from surface salt lakes, and the challenge of finding potash deposit from marine strata has not been yet overcome, the oil (gas) field brine resources has become the preferred source for the urgent needs of potash. In recent years, a lot of exploration and research work on the oil (gas) field brine has been done under the guide of “oil and potash co-exploration” policy and delightful achievements have been obtained. The research achievements at Qaidam Basin, Sichuan Basin, Jianghan Basin and Tarim Basin were summarized in the present paper. All of the above basins are the most important areas with great prospects of oil (gas) field brine. This paper mainly focused on three aspects, the brine characteristics, the brine geochemistry and resource assessment. After the summary, the characteristics of oil (gas) field brine and the progress in study of that were gotten in different basins. It was suggested that the research work of (gas) field brine at Qaidam Basin should be emphasized. It was concluded that the evaluation work of oil (gas) field brine resources is insufficient at the four basins, and it is urgent to establish oil (gas) field brine resources evaluation criteria and methods.
Key words: Oil(gas) field brine    Oil and potash co-exploration    Potash resources    Resources evaluation    Brine geochemistry.
收稿日期: 2015-10-22 出版日期: 2016-02-10
:  P595  
基金资助: 国家自然科学基金面上项目“含锂碳酸盐六元水盐体系298K热力学性质和相平衡预测研究”(编号: 41473061) 资助.
通讯作者: 乜贞(1972-),男,青海贵德人,研究员,主要从事盐湖资源综合利用研究.E-mail:nieezhen518@163.com   
作者简介: 穆延宗(1988-),男,河北石家庄人,硕士研究生,主要从事矿产普查与勘探研究.E-mail:991123833@qq.com
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引用本文:

穆延宗, 乜 贞, 卜令忠, 王云生, 伍 倩. 我国油(气)田水钾资源研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2016, 31(2): 147-160.

Mu Yanzong, Nie Zhen, Bu Lingzhong, Wang Yunsheng, Wu Qian. Progress in Study of Potash Resources of Oil (Gas) Field Brine in China. Advances in Earth Science, 2016, 31(2): 147-160.

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http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2016.02.0147        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2016/V31/I2/147

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