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地球科学进展  2017, Vol. 32 Issue (6): 569-576    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2017.06.0569
综述与评述     
中国陆地表层自然地域系统动态研究:思路与方案
吴绍洪1, 2, 3, 高江波1, 2, 戴尔阜1, 2, 3, 赵东升1, 2, 尹云鹤1, 2, 杨琳1, 4, 郑景云1, 2, 3, 潘韬1, 2, 杨勤业1, 2
1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101;
2.中国科学院陆地表层格局与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101;
3.中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049;
4.资源与环境信息系统国家重点实验室,北京 100101
Research on Dynamic of Terrestrial System of China: Academic Logic and Synthetic Scheme
Wu Shaohong1, 2, 3, Gao Jiangbo1, 2, Dai Erfu1, 2, 3, Zhao Dongsheng1, 2, Yin Yunhe1, 2, Yang Lin1, 4, Zheng Jingyun1, 2, 3, Pan Tao1, 2, Yang Qinye1, 2
1.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
2.Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
3.College of Resource and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
4.State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Beijing 100101, China
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摘要: 陆地表层是众多要素相互作用而形成的一个多过程、多尺度耦合的综合体,是人类赖以生存和发展的环境。陆地表层地域系统是对该综合体空间上有序分布、时间上动态平衡的表征,是自然地理学研究的核心内容。近百年来自然与人类活动,如何驱动陆地表层要素相互作用的效应发生变化,进而影响到整体格局的改变,是全球变化与地理学科研究领域的一个前沿、基础科学问题。在对中国现代自然地域系统研究历程简要回顾的基础上,通过总结地域系统研究的难点与问题,凝练自然地域系统动态研究的学术思路,即以要素—格局—动态的逻辑逐步深入,重点关注过程与互馈、区域变动与地域系统等主题;进而设计自然地域系统动态研究总体方案,包括:以区划方法论创新、动态方案及其驱动机制为研究目标,设置要素变化、区域变动、区域解析与系统划分和地域系统动态等4个方面内容,并提出自然地域系统动态研究技术路线及关键技术的应用范围。
关键词: 自然地域系统动态总体方案陆地表层学术思路中国    
Abstract: Land surface, the environment where human survive and develop, is a synthesis formed with multi-scaled and multi-process interactions between natural factors. The terrestrial system, which is the core study field of physical geography, can be defined as the land surface synthesis with spatially ordered distribution and temporally dynamic balance. In the past century, natural variations and human activities have had profound influences on land surface. How they drove the changed interactions between land surface factors, and further altered the land surface pattern, are the frontier and basis for global change and geography studies. Based on the brief review of research on terrestrial system at home and abroad, the paper summarized the existing difficulties and problems, and then proposed the academic logic for studies of dynamic of terrestrial system. The research should be conducted following the logic of elements, patterns and dynamic, with emphasis on themes of processes and feedback, variation in regions and terrestrial system. At last, the synthetic scheme was designed for research on dynamic of terrestrial system. Aimed at innovation of regionalization methodology and detection on driving mechanism of dynamic of terrestrial system, the following four aspects should be included: Changes and interaction mechanism of key factors (i.e. water, soil, climate and plant) and their spatial-temporal variation; Quantifying the influences of factor interactions on regionalization formation and conversion; Quantified assessment on changing tendency and magnitude of land surface pattern under global climate change; Accomplishment of dynamic land surface pattern at different past and future stages. Correspondingly, the technical route should combine bottom-up and top-down methodologies, with field survey, earth observation, station monitoring and mathematical simulation to build the comprehensive database. Conducting research on dynamic of terrestrial system can be helpful for developing theory of integrated physical geography, deepening cognition on dynamic land surface pattern, and providing scientific basis for regional sustainable resources utilization and countermeasure establishment of climate change adaptation.
Key words: Synthetic scheme    China.    Dynamic of terrestrial system    Academic logic    Land surface
收稿日期: 2017-01-03 出版日期: 2017-06-10
:  P90  
基金资助: 国家自然科学基金项目“中国陆地表层自然地域系统动态及其驱动机制”(编号:41530749)和“喀斯特峰丛洼地区生态系统服务的权衡机制及尺度效应”(编号:41671098)资助
作者简介: 吴绍洪(1961-),男,广东潮州人,研究员,主要从事陆地表层格局、气候变化影响与适应研究.E-mail:wush@igsnrr.ac.cn
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引用本文:

吴绍洪, 高江波, 戴尔阜, 赵东升, 尹云鹤, 杨琳, 郑景云, 潘韬, 杨勤业. 中国陆地表层自然地域系统动态研究:思路与方案[J]. 地球科学进展, 2017, 32(6): 569-576.

Wu Shaohong, Gao Jiangbo, Dai Erfu, Zhao Dongsheng, Yin Yunhe, Yang Lin, Zheng Jingyun, Pan Tao, Yang Qinye. Research on Dynamic of Terrestrial System of China: Academic Logic and Synthetic Scheme. Advances in Earth Science, 2017, 32(6): 569-576.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2017.06.0569        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2017/V32/I6/569

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