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地球科学进展  2013, Vol. 28 Issue (3): 347-356    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2013.03.0347
综述与评述     
湖泊数值模拟研究现状综述
任晓倩1,2,孙菽芬3,陈 文1,刘辉志4
1.中国科学院大气物理研究所季风系统研究中心,北京〓100190;2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049;
3.中国科学院大气物理研究所大气科学和地球流体力学数值模拟国家重点实验室,北京 100029;
4.中国科学院大气物理研究所大气边界层和大气化学国家重点实验室,北京 100029
A Review of Researches on the Lake Numerical Modeling
Ren Xiaoqian1,2, Sun Shufen3, Chen Wen1, Liu Huizhi
1.Center for Monsoon System Research,Institute of Atmospheric Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100190,China;
2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;3.State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China;4.State Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Boundary Layer Physics and Atmospheric Chemistry, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
 全文: PDF(1073 KB)  
摘要:

作为陆面过程的重要组成部分,湖泊在天气气候预测中的作用得到了相关研究者的广泛关注,并成为大气科学研究领域中的一个热点。主要综述了当前湖泊模式的基本类型、所考虑的关键物理过程及其参数化方案,并尝试分析了各个方案的优劣以及模拟效果。相关研究表明,现有的湖泊模式对浅湖的模拟比较成熟,而对深湖和冰湖的模拟有待改进。未来的研究亟需构筑适用于大湖、深湖以及冰湖的参数化方案,发展能全面模拟各类型湖泊的数值模式,并且湖泊数值模拟的改进依赖于今后更多高质量的全球湖泊观测结果。

关键词: 湖泊模式物理过程参数化方案    
Abstract:

As an important component of land surface, the lake has been paid wide attention because of its role in the weather and climate prediction. And the related researches become a hot topic in the atmospheric science. This paper mainly summaries the basic classification, current understanding of the physical processes and parameterization schemes in the lake models. We further discuss the advantages and disadvantages of different schemes and compare their simulation results. Current lake models show a better simulation on the shallow lake, and need improvement in the deep and/or freezing lake simulations. Future work are required to build new parameterization schemes suitable for the deep, large and freezing lakes, and to construct new models suitable for all types of lakes. Any improvement in the lake models is suggested to be strongly dependent on the observational data of global lakes with high quality in the future.

Key words: Lake model    Physical process    Parameterization scheme.
收稿日期: 2012-11-19 出版日期: 2013-03-10
:  P343.3  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金重点项目“青藏高原地区地气相互作用和陆面物理过程模式创建研究”(编号:41030106);国家自然科学基金项目“通用土壤—雪盖耦合模型的改进和SSiB和WRF-SSiB模型的耦合研究”(编号:41275003)资助.

作者简介: 任晓倩(1988-),女,山西运城人,博士研究生,主要从事陆面模式研究.E-mail:7522811ren@163.com
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引用本文:

任晓倩,孙菽芬,陈 文,刘辉志. 湖泊数值模拟研究现状综述[J]. 地球科学进展, 2013, 28(3): 347-356.

Ren Xiaoqian, Sun Shufen, Chen Wen, Liu Huizhi. A Review of Researches on the Lake Numerical Modeling. Advances in Earth Science, 2013, 28(3): 347-356.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2013.03.0347        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2013/V28/I3/347

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