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地球科学进展  2002, Vol. 17 Issue (2): 247-253    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2002.02.0247
中国典型地区土地利用变化对生态系统的影响机制     
城市土地利用对植被特征影响的研究
赵海霞1,江源1,刘全儒2
1.北京师范大学资源科学研究所,中国生态资产评估研究中心,北京师范大学环境演变与自然灾害教育部重点实验室,北京 100875;2.北京师范大学生命科学学院,北京 100875
STUDY OF IMPACT OF URBAN LAND USE ON FEATURES OF URBAN VEGETATION IN BEIJING AREA
ZHAO Hai-xia1, JIANG Yuan1, LIU Quan-ru2

1.China Ecological Capital Assessment Research Center, Institute of Resources Science, Beijing Normal University;Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100875, China;2. College of Life Sciences in Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China

 全文: PDF(311 KB)  
摘要:

城市土地利用对植被的影响是城市生态学中研究的重要问题。简单综述了国内外在该领域中的研究现状。通过在北京市进行的研究,对城市植被的特点及其与土地利用的关系进行了分析,结论为:①藜科(Chenpodiac eae)和蓼科(Polygonac eae)植物种类数量相对增加,归化植物占的比例大是城市植物区系的特征;②与非城市区域相比,生活型谱中一二年生植物比例增高,属的区系地理成分构成中世界分布属所占比例也明显提高;③城市土地利用类型对生境和植物群落特征的影响明显;④生境多样化对维持城市植物物种多样性而言,比面积大小具有更为显著的作用。

关键词: 城市土地利用植被多样性    
Abstract:

On the basis of a review to the research development both at home and abroad of the impact of land use on the vegetation in urban area, this paper has analyzed the features of urban vegetation in city proper of Beijing with respect to the impact of urban land use on the vegetation. The conclusions are as follows:①Compared with the natural areas surrounding Beijing, the proportion of  Chenpodiaceae and Polygonaceae  in flora composition of species are on the increasing. The percentage ratio of colonized species are high is a typical feature for urban flora. ②Judging from the life form structure of the flora, the proportion of annual and biennial herbs is high in its composition. As to the areal-types of genus, pan-world genuses take a larger ratio than ever before with the development of urbanization process. ③Different urban land use types have different impacts on the urban habitats and communities. ④The diversity of habitat has more significant than the average acreage of habitat on sustaining the species diversity of urban vegetation.

Key words: Urban    Land use    Vegetation    Diversity
收稿日期: 2001-12-07 出版日期: 2002-04-01
:  Q15  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金重大项目“中国东部陆地农业生态系统与全球变化相互作用机理研究”(编号:39899374);国家自然科学基金项目“山地效应温度空间分异及其对植被景观作用机理的研究”(编号:40071002)资助.

通讯作者: 赵海霞(1977-),女,内蒙古包头市人,博士研究生,主要从事城市生态学和景观生态学研究.E-mail:zhaohaixia_yy@263.net     E-mail: zhaohaixia_yy@263.net
作者简介: 赵海霞(1977-),女,内蒙古包头市人,博士研究生,主要从事城市生态学和景观生态学研究.E-mail:zhaohaixia_yy@263.net
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引用本文:

赵海霞,江源,刘全儒. 城市土地利用对植被特征影响的研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2002, 17(2): 247-253.

ZHAO Hai-xia, JIANG Yuan, LIU Quan-ru. STUDY OF IMPACT OF URBAN LAND USE ON FEATURES OF URBAN VEGETATION IN BEIJING AREA. Advances in Earth Science, 2002, 17(2): 247-253.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2002.02.0247        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2002/V17/I2/247

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