Please wait a minute...
img img
高级检索
地球科学进展  2008, Vol. 23 Issue (11): 1174-1184    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.11.1174
研究论文     
物理过程参数化方案对中国夏季降水日变化模拟的影响
黄安宁,张耀存,朱坚
南京大学大气科学系, 江苏 南京 210093
Impacts of Physical Process Parameterizations on Simulation of the Diurnal Variations of Summer Precipitation over China
Huang Anning,Zhang Yaocun,Zhu Jian
Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093,China
 全文: PDF(2142 KB)  
摘要:

系统地分析了不同陆面过程、辐射传输以及积云对流参数化方案对区域气候模式模拟中国夏季降水日变化能力的影响,发现日内最大标准化降水及其出现时刻的模拟对不同模式物理过程的组合方案敏感。陆面过程、辐射传输参数化方案只影响降水强度的模拟,而对降水日变化形式和峰值出现时间模拟的影响较小, 降水日变化形式的模拟对积云对流参数化方案敏感且与模拟区域的选择关系密切。Grell方案对青藏高原东部、长江中游地区夏季降水的日变化特征具有较好模拟能力,Kuo和Anthes-Kuo方案较好地模拟出了东北、华南地区夏季降水的日变化特征,BM方案仅能模拟华南地区夏季降水的日变化特征。4种积云对流参数化方案均不能模拟出江淮—华北地区夏季降水日变化的双峰值结构。

关键词: 区域气候模式 参数化方案降水日变化    
Abstract:

The impacts of different convective cumulus, radiative transfer and land surface parameterization schemes on regional climate model′s performance in simulating diurnal cycle of the summer precipitation have been synthetically studied. The results show that land surface and radiative transfer schemes only influence the summer precipitation intensity, whereas they have less effects on the form of summer precipitation diurnal amplitude and the appearing time of precipitation maxima. However, the simulation of the summer precipitation diurnal cycle is very sensitive to the choice of convective cumulus schemes, whose skill are highly regime selective. The Grell scheme realistically captures the diurnal variations of the summer precipitation over east of Tibetan and middle Yangtze River valley. The Kuo and Anthes-Kuo schemes can well reproduce the diurnal cycle of the summer precipitation over Northeast and South China. The BM scheme only simulates the summer precipitation diurnal variations over South China. All of the four convective cumulus schemes can not simulate the two peaks of the summer precipitation diurnal cycle over Jianghuai and North China region.

Key words: Regional climate model    Physical process parameterization    Precipitation diurnal variation.
收稿日期: 2008-09-02 出版日期: 2008-11-10
:  P426.61+4  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“中国降水日变化的数值模拟及误差分析”(编号: 40805041);公益性行业(气象)科研专项“中国气候系统协同观测与预测研究”(编号:GYHY(QX) 2007-6-5)资助.

通讯作者: 黄安宁     E-mail: anhuang@nju.edu.cn;huanggood2002@nju.edu.cn
作者简介: 黄安宁( 1979-),男,重庆人,讲师,主要从事区域气候变化及数值模拟研究.E-mail:anhuang@nju.edu.cn;huanggood2002@nju.edu.cn
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
张耀存
朱坚
黄安宁

引用本文:

黄安宁,张耀存,朱坚. 物理过程参数化方案对中国夏季降水日变化模拟的影响[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(11): 1174-1184.

Huang Anning,Zhang Yaocun,Zhu Jian. Impacts of Physical Process Parameterizations on Simulation of the Diurnal Variations of Summer Precipitation over China. Advances in Earth Science, 2008, 23(11): 1174-1184.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.11.1174        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2008/V23/I11/1174

[1] Yang G Y,Slingo J. The diurnal cycle in the Tropics[J]. Monthly Weather Review,2001,129:784-801.

[2] Dai A. Global precipitation and thunderstorm frequencies. Part II:Diurnal variations[J]. Journal of Climate,2001,14:1 112-1 128.

[3] Dai A,Giorgi F,Trenberth K E. Observed and model simulated precipitation diurnal cycle over the contiguous United States[J]. Journal of Geophysical Research,1999,104:6 377-6 402.

[4] Dai A,Wang J,Ware R H,et al. Diurnal variation in water vapor over North America and its implications for sampling errors in radiosonde humidity[J]. Journal of Geophysical Research,2002,107:4090,doi:10.1029/2001JD000642.

[5] Bergman J W,Salby M L. The role of cloud diurnal variations in the time-mean energy budget[J]. Journal of Climate,1997,10:1 114-1 124.

[6] Dai A,Deser C. Diurnal and semidiurnal variations in global surface wind and divergence fields[J]. Journal of Geophysical Research,1999,10431:109-125.

[7] Qian T,Dai A,Trenberth K E,et al. Simulation of global land surface conditions from 1948-2004. Part I:Forcing data and evaluation[J]. Journal of Hydrometeorology,2006,7:953-975.

[8] Dai A,Trenberth K E,Karl T R. Effects of clouds,soil moisture,precipitation and water vapor on diurnal temperature range[J]. Journal of Climate,1999,12:2 451-2 473.

[9] Wang C C,Chen G T J,Carbone R E. A climatology of warm-season cloud patterns over east Asia based on GMS infrared brightness temperature observations[J]. Monthly Weather Review,2004,132:1 606-1 629.

[10] Dai A,Lin X,Hsu K. The frequency, intensity and diurnal cycle of precipitation in surface and satellite observations over low-and mid-latitudes[J]. Climate Dynamics,2007,29:727-744.

[11] Dai A,Deser C. Diurnal and semidiurnal variations in global surface wind and divergence fields[J]. Journal of Geophysical Research,1999,104:31 109-31 125.

[12] Carbone R E,Tuttle J D,Ahijevych D A,et al. Inferences of predictability associated with warm season precipitation episodes[J]. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences,2002,5913:2 033-2 056.

[13] Yu R,Zhou T,Xiong A,et al. Diurnal variations of summer precipitation over contiguous China[J]. Geophysical Research Letters,2007,34:L01704,doi:10. 1029/2006GL028129.

[14] Yu R,Xu Y,Zhou T,et al. Relation between rainfall duration and diurnal variation in the warm season precipitation over central eastern China[J]. Geophysical Research Letters,2007,34:L13703,doi:10.1029/2007GL030315.

[15] Wilson C A,Mitchell J F B. Diurnal variation and cloud in a general circulation model[J]. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society,1986,112:347-369.

[16] Akio Kitoh,Osamu Arakawa. Reduction in tropical rainfall diurnal variation by global warming simulated by a 20-km mesh climate model[J]. Geophysical Research Letters,2005,32:L18709. 

[17] Lin X,Fowler L D,Randall D A. Diurnal variability of the hydrologic cycle and radiative fluxes:Comparisons between observations and a GCM[J]. Journal of Climate,2000,13:4 159-4 179.

[18] Slingo A,Wilderspin R C,Brentnall S J. Simulation of the diurnal cycle of outgoing long wave radiation with an atmospheric GCM[J]. Monthly Weather Review,1998,115:1 451-1 457.

[19] Betts A K,Jakob C. Evaluation of the diurnal cycle of precipitation,surface thermodynamics,and surface fluxes in the ECMWF model using the LBA data[J]. Journal of Geophysical Research,2002,107,8045,doi:10.1029/2001 JD000427.

[20] Davis C A,Manning K W,Carbone R E,et al. Coherence of warm-season continental rainfall in numerical weather prediction models[J]. Monthly Weather Review,2003,131:2 667-2 679.

[21] Dai A,Trenberth K T. The diurnal cycle and its depiction in the community climate system model[J]. Journal of Climate,2004,17:930-951.

[22] Xie S C,Zhang M H. Impact of the convective triggering function on single-column model simulations[J]. Journal of Geophysical Research,2000,105:14 983-14 996.

[23] Zhang G J. Roles of tropospheric and boundary layer forcing in the diurnal cycle of convection in the US southern great plains[J]. Geophysical Research Letters,2003,3024,2281,doi:10.1029/2003GL018554.

[24] Chan J C L,Liu Y M,Chow K C. Design of a regional climate model for the simulation of South China summer monsoon rainfall[J]. Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan,2004,826:1 645-1 665.

[25] Ding Y H,Shi X L,Liu Y M,et al. Multi-year simulations and experimental seasonal predictions for rainy seasons in China by using a nested regional climate modelRegCM_NCC Part I: Sensitivity study[J]. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences,2006,233:323-341.

[26] Ding Y H,Liu Y M,Shi X L,et al. Multi-year simulations and experimental seasonal predictions for rainy seasons in China by using a nested regional climate modelRegCM_NCC Part II: The experiment seasonal prediction[J]. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences,2006,234:487-503.

[27] Liu Y M,Chan C L,Chow K C,et al. Ten-year climatology of summer monsoon over South China and its surroundings simulated from a regional climate model[J]. International Journal of Climatology,2006,26: 141-157.

[28] Qian Yongfu,Yan Hong,Luo Qiren. A primitive equation model with topography[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences,1978,22:91-102.[钱永甫,颜宏,骆启仁. 一个有大地形影响的原始方程数值预报模式[J].大气科学,1978,22:91-102.]

[29] Wang Shiyu,Qian Yongfu. The effects of vertical resolution of P-σ coordinate regional climate model on simulated results[J]. Plateau Meteorology,2001,201:28-35.[王世玉,钱永甫. P-σ区域气候模式的垂直分辨率对模拟结果的影响[J].高原气象,2001,201:28-35.]

[30] Huang Anning,Zhang Yaocun. Impacts of the BATS1e Land Surface Model on the performance of the P-σ regional climate model[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences,2007,311:155-166.[黄安宁,张耀存. BATS1e陆面模式对P-σ九层区域气候模式性能的影响[J]. 大气科学,2007,311:155-166.]

[31] Huang Anning. Development of P-σRCM9 regional climate model and validation of its performance[D]. Nanjing:Nanjing University,2007.[黄安宁. P-σRCM9区域气候模式发展及其性能检验[D].南京:南京大学,2007.]

[32] Kuo H L. Further Studies of the parameterization of the influence of cumulus convection on large scale flow[J]. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences,1974,31:1 232-1 240.

[33] Anthes R A. A cumulus parameterization scheme utilizing a one-dimensional cloud model[J]. Monthly Weather Review,1977,1053:270-286.

[34] Grell G A. Prognostic evaluation of assumptions used by cumulus parameterization[J]. Monthly Weather Review,1993,121:764-787.

[35] Betts A K,Miller M. The Betts-Miller scheme,Chapter 9,the representation of cumulus convection in numerical models[J]. American Meteorological Society,1993,46:107-121.

[36] Qian Yongfu. A scheme of calculation of heat balance temperature at ground surface[J]. Scientia Meteorologica Sinica,1988,4:14-27.[钱永甫. 地表热平衡温度的一种计算方法[J]. 气象科学,1988,4:14-27.]

[37] Dickinson R,HendersonSellers A, Kennedy P J. Biosphere-Atmosphere Transfer SchemeBATS version 1e as coupled to the NCAR community climate model[Z].NCAR,Technology Note,NCAR/TN2387+STR,1993:72.

[38] Qian Yongfu,Yan Hong,Wang Qianqian. Numerical Studies on Effects of Orography on Planet Atmosphere[M]. Beijing:Science Press,1988:57-59.[钱永甫,颜宏,王谦谦. 行星大气中地形效应的数值研究[M].北京:科学出版社,1988:57-59.]

[39] Kiehl J,Hack J,Bonan G,et al. Description of the ncar community climate model ccm3,Technical report[R]. National Center for Atmospheric Research,1996:51-78.

[40] Zhou T,Yu R,Chen H,et al. Summer precipitation frequency,intensity,and diurnal cycle over China:A comparison of satellite data with raingauge observation[J]. Journal of Climate,2008,2116:3 997-4 010.

[41] Liang X Z,Li L,Dai A,et al. Regional climate model simulation of summer precipitation diurnal cycle over the United States[J]. Geophysical Research Letters,2004,31,L24208,doi:10.1029/2004GL021054.

[42] Zhong Ke,Wang Hanjie. The physical ensemble technique of the regional climate simulation[J]. Acta Meteorologica Sinica,2004,626:776-782.[钟科,王汉杰.区域气候模拟研究中的物理集合技术[J].气象学报,2004,626:776-782.]

[1] 刘冠州, 梁信忠. 新一代区域气候模式(CWRF)国内应用进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2017, 32(7): 781-787.
[2] 王昊亮, 刘玉宝, 赵天良, 郭凤霞, 冯双磊, 王勃. 基于数值天气模式及其模式输出的闪电预报研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2017, 32(1): 44-55.
[3] 汤秋鸿, 黄忠伟, 刘星才, 韩松俊, 冷国勇, 张学君, 穆梦斐. 人类用水活动对大尺度陆地水循环的影响[J]. 地球科学进展, 2015, 30(10): 1091-1099.
[4] 王连喜, 吴建生, 李琪, 顾嘉熠, 薛红喜. AquaCrop作物模型应用研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2015, 30(10): 1100-1106.
[5] 熊喆. 不同积云对流参数化方案对黑河流域降水模拟的影响[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(5): 590-597.
[6] 任晓倩,孙菽芬,陈 文,刘辉志. 湖泊数值模拟研究现状综述[J]. 地球科学进展, 2013, 28(3): 347-356.
[7] 王晨稀. 边界层参数化影响“梅花”台风的敏感性试验[J]. 地球科学进展, 2013, 28(2): 197-208.
[8] 薛羽君,白爱娟,李 典. 四川盆地降水日变化特征分析和个例模拟[J]. 地球科学进展, 2012, 27(8): 885-894.
[9] 摆玉龙, 李新, 韩旭军. 陆面数据同化系统误差问题研究综述[J]. 地球科学进展, 2011, 26(8): 795-804.
[10] 朱好,张宏升. 沙尘天气过程临界起沙因子的研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2011, 26(1): 30-38.
[11] 王咏薇,蒋维楣,刘红年. 大气数值模式中城市效应参数化方案研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(4): 371-381.
[12] 王澄海,董文杰,韦志刚. 陆面模式中土壤冻融过程参数化研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2002, 17(1): 44-52.