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地球科学进展  2015, Vol. 30 Issue (1): 17-25    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2015.01.0017
综述与评述     
海洋碳封存技术:现状、问题与未来
王江海, 孙贤贤, 徐小明, 吴酬飞, 彭娟, 袁建平
中山大学海洋学院广东省海洋资源与近岸工程重点实验室, 广东 广州510006
Marine Carbon Sequestration: Current Situation, Problems and Future
Wang Jianghai, Sun Xianxian, Xu Xiaoming, Wu Choufei, Peng Juan, Yuan Jianping
Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Marine Resources and Coastal Engineering, School of Marine Sciences, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510006
 全文: PDF(1633 KB)   HTML
摘要:

过度使用化石能源致使过量排放以CO2为主的温室气体, 并增强全球气候变暖的趋势。碳封存是有效缓解大气中CO2浓度激增的重要手段。海洋碳封存是一种新兴的碳减排理念, 其封存主体是海洋水柱和海底沉积物, 它们不但封存潜力巨大, 而且与陆地碳封存相比安全性更高。阐述了海洋碳封存的技术原理与封存机制、海洋碳封存的潜力与封存时间、影响海洋碳封存的主要因素、海上CO2注入技术、CO2泄漏对海洋生物的影响以及CO2泄漏的监测技术等, 并对未来海洋碳封存的发展前景进行了展望, 指出了未来海洋碳封存技术的主要研究热点。

关键词: CO2泄漏的监测技术海底沉积物碳封存海洋水柱    
Abstract:

Abuse of fossil energy resources results in the excessive discharge of greenhouse gases, especially CO2, enhancing the trend of global climate warming. Carbon sequestration is an important method to lower the increasing rate of CO2 concentration in the atmosphere. Marine carbon sequestration is a novel idea for reducing CO2 emission, and its reservoir mainly includes seawater and submarine sediment, which not only possess a great potential capacity of carbon sequestration, but also have high safety in relation to continental reservoirs. In this paper, we expounded the technique principle and mechanisms of marine carbon sequestration, potential capacity and time duration of marine carbon sequestration, main factors influencing marine carbon sequestration, CO2 injection technique, impacts on marine biota from over emission of CO2 and technique monitoring the leakage of CO2. Finally, a prospect of marine carbon sequestration was proposed, and its hot topics were accordingly pointed out.

Key words: Carbon sequestration    Submarine sediment    Technique monitoring CO2 leakage.    Seawater column
收稿日期: 2014-09-19 出版日期: 2015-01-20
ZTFLH:  P734  
基金资助:

国家重大科学计划项目“全球变暖下的海洋响应及其对东亚气候和近海储碳的影响”下属第四课题“黑潮长期变异及其对中国近海储碳的影响”(编号: 2012CB956004)资助

作者简介: 作者简介:王江海(1965-), 男, 江西玉山人, 教授, 主要从事陆架储碳、生物技术和地球化学研究. E-mail: wangjhai@mail.sysu.edu.cn
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引用本文:

王江海, 孙贤贤, 徐小明, 吴酬飞, 彭娟, 袁建平. 海洋碳封存技术:现状、问题与未来[J]. 地球科学进展, 2015, 30(1): 17-25.

Wang Jianghai, Sun Xianxian, Xu Xiaoming, Wu Choufei, Peng Juan, Yuan Jianping. Marine Carbon Sequestration: Current Situation, Problems and Future. Advances in Earth Science, 2015, 30(1): 17-25.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2015.01.0017        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2015/V30/I1/17

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