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地球科学进展  2012, Vol. 27 Issue (3): 347-358    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2012.03.0347
IODP研究     
高分辨率FMS成像测井资料在科学大洋钻探中的应用
钟广法,游倩
同济大学海洋地质国家重点实验室,上海200092
Applications of High-Resolution Formation Microscanner Image Logs to Scientific Ocean Drilling
Zhong Guangfa, You Qian
State Key Laboratory of Marine Geology, Tongji University, Shanghai200092, China
 全文: PDF(962 KB)  
摘要:

FMS地层微电阻率扫描成像测井技术诞生于1986年,1989年首次在大洋钻探中获得应用。它采用纽扣电极阵列沿井壁纵向扫描方式采集地层的电阻率信息,经过适当的数字和图像处理后转化为井壁地层的二维微电阻率图像。FMS资料具有分辨率高(理论分辨率为5 mm)、连续原位测量及定向性等特点,是科学大洋钻探中岩芯地质分析方法的重要补充,具有其他地球物理方法难以替代的作用。从岩芯归位和定向、岩性岩相识别及地层剖面重建、沉积构造和古流方向分析、地层旋回性与古气候周期分析、浊积层厚度统计分析、构造和应力场分析及洋壳研究等7个方面对FMS在科学大洋钻探中的应用现状进行综述,对目前FMS成像测井资料应用中存在的问题及发展方向进行分析,包括利用率不高、定量分析成果欠缺、研究深度和广度有待拓展等。

关键词: FMS成像测井大洋钻探岩性剖面重建地层旋回性构造应力场洋壳研究    
Abstract:

FMS formation micro-resistivity image logging, developed in 1986, was first used in scientific ocean drilling in 1989. It measures the electrical conductivity of borehole strata by using an array of pad-mounted button electrodes. The measured data are transformed into visual images reflecting variations of stratal details after a series of numerical and image processing steps. As high resolution (down to 5 mm), continuous and orientated in-situ measurements, FMS image logs provide an important supplement to core-based geological analysis in scientific ocean drilling, which is difficult to be replaced by other geophysical well loggings. The paper presents a review on the applications of FMS data to scientific ocean drilling, including core depth matching and core orientation, recognition of lithology and reconstruction of lithostratigraphic columns, sedimentary structures and paleo-current direction analysis, stratigraphic cyclicity and paleo-climate analysis, statistics of thickness distribution of turbidite beds, structural and stress analysis, as well as oceanic crust research. Some problems existing  in the analyses of the FMS data from ocean drilling are discussed, including low rate of utilization, insufficiency of quantitative analysis, and limited application scope and profundity.

Key words:  Formation microscanner image logging    Scientific ocean drilling    Reconstruction of lithostratigraphic column    Stratal cyclicity    Tectonic stress field    Oceanic crust research.
收稿日期: 2012-02-19 出版日期: 2012-03-10
:  P736  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“南海北部陆坡区深水沉积牵引体的时空分布及形成机制”(编号:91028003)和“南海深海测井记录中的气候周期和事件”(编号:40476030);国家高技术研究发展计划重点项目“大洋钻探站位调查关键技术研究”(编号:2008AA093001)资助.

通讯作者: 钟广法(1964-),男,湖南临澧人,博士,教授,主要从事地震、测井解释和沉积学研究.      E-mail: gfz@tongji.edu.cn
作者简介: 钟广法(1964-),男,湖南临澧人,博士,教授,主要从事地震、测井解释和沉积学研究. E-mail:gfz@tongji.edu.cn
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钟广法,游倩. 高分辨率FMS成像测井资料在科学大洋钻探中的应用[J]. 地球科学进展, 2012, 27(3): 347-358.

Zhong Guangfa, You Qian. Applications of High-Resolution Formation Microscanner Image Logs to Scientific Ocean Drilling. Advances in Earth Science, 2012, 27(3): 347-358.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2012.03.0347        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2012/V27/I3/347

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