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地球科学进展  2008, Vol. 23 Issue (1): 31-38    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.01.0031
综述与评述     
干旱区凝结水研究进展
庄艳丽,赵文智
中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所寒旱区流域水文及应用生态实验室,中国生态系统研究网络临泽内陆河流域综合研究站,甘肃 兰州 730000
Advances in the Condensation Water of Arid Regions
Zhuang Yanli,Zhao Wenzhi
Hydrology and Ecology Laboratory of Watershed,CAREERI,CAS,Linze Inland River Basin Research Station, CERN,Lanzhou 730000, China
 全文: PDF(137 KB)  
摘要:

凝结水是维系干旱、半干旱地区主要食物链的水分来源之一,具有重要的生态意义。较详细地列举了目前国内外在干旱区测定凝结量及其持续时间所采用的研究方法,从凝结水的数量特征以及时间格局两方面阐述了不同地域凝结水的时空差异性,并从气象因素、凝结面的类型及其位置、周边植被对其作用等方面综合分析了影响凝结水发生的主要因素,探讨了干旱区凝结水的生态作用及其意义,展望了干旱区凝结水未来的研究趋势。提出在未来的干旱区凝结水研究中应加强与气象学、生态学等多学科的交叉,从能量平衡角度加强对凝结水量的研究;同时,改进和规范凝结水的测量方法,开展荒漠植被对凝结水的生理响应研究以及凝结水对极端干旱胁迫植物的作用研究。

关键词: 干旱区凝结水研究方法时空特征生态作用    
Abstract:

Water availability is the most important limiting factor in arid regions. Any additional source of water, such as condensation water, should be considered, especially in summer. Condensation water is the important source of moisture for the primary food chain, thus being an important ecological significance in arid and semiarid regions. The research methodology to determine the amount and duration of condensation water in arid regions at home and abroad was enumerated in the first part of this paper, and then the difference of spatio-temporal was enlarged on from two aspects as the quantitative character and temporal pattern of condensation water. Meanwhile, the main affecting factors of condensation water come into being were analyzed from meteorological factors, the type and situation of condensation surface, as well as plants which around the condensation surface. The ecological roles and significance of condensation water in arid regions were evaluated and the research trends of condensation water in arid regions are prospected in the last part. It is pointed that cross discipline collaboration, such as meteorology, ecology, should be paid more attention in formation mechanisms of condensation water in arid regions in the future,and also measurement method of condensation water should be developed and standardized,as well as physiological responses of desert plants to condensation water and effects of condensation water on extreme drought stress plants should be conducted.

Key words: Arid regions    Condensation water    Methodology    Spatio-temporal characters    Ecological roles.
收稿日期: 2007-06-24 出版日期: 2008-01-10
:  P426  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“干旱区凝结水对荒漠浅根系植物水分补给作用的研究”(编号:40601016)资助.

通讯作者: 赵文智(1966-),男,陕西定边人,研究员,主要从事干旱区生态水文学研究.     E-mail: zhaowzh@lzb.ac.cn
作者简介: 庄艳丽(1981-),女,甘肃会宁人,硕士研究生,主要从事生态水文学研究.E-mail:zhuangyl@lzb.ac.cn
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引用本文:

庄艳丽,赵文智. 干旱区凝结水研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(1): 31-38.

Zhuang Yanli,Zhao Wenzhi. Advances in the Condensation Water of Arid Regions. Advances in Earth Science, 2008, 23(1): 31-38.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.01.0031        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2008/V23/I1/31

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