Please wait a minute...
img img
高级检索
地球科学进展  2007, Vol. 22 Issue (9): 969-975    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2007.09.0969
综述与评述     
湿地景观格局与生态过程研究进展
胡巍巍1,2,3,王根绪1
1.中国科学院成都山地灾害与环境研究所,四川 成都 610041; 2.安庆师范学院资源环境学院,安徽 安庆 246003;3.中国科学院研究生院,北京 100039
Advances in Research of Landscape Patterns and Ecological Processes of Wetland
HU Wei-wei1,2,3, WANG Gen-xu1
1.Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment in Chengdu, CAS, Chengdu 610041,China;2.Resourse and Environment College, Anqing Normal College, Anqing 246003,China;3.Graduate School Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100093,China
 全文: PDF(119 KB)  
摘要:

20世纪70年代以来,湿地研究成为国际环境科学和生态学研究的热点领域之一。尤其是景观生态学的兴起为湿地研究注入了新的活力,为在区域尺度上开展湿地的综合研究起到了启发和指导作用。空间格局、生态过程与尺度之间的相互关系是景观生态学研究的核心内容。同样,从景观尺度上来研究湿地空间格局与生态过程及其相互关系是当前湿地科学的研究热点。对景观格局与生态过程的研究方法、湿地主要生态过程、湿地景观格局与生态过程相互关系等方面的国内外研究进展进行了综述。最后分析了目前湿地景观格局与生态过程相互关系研究中存在的问题与不足,未来湿地生态过程以及湿地格局与生态过程相互关系的研究热点及发展趋势。

关键词: 景观格局水文过程生态过程湿地    
Abstract:

Since the 1970's, wetland research has became one of the hot fields in international environmental science and ecology. Especially the booming landscape ecology has given new vigor for wetland research and played enlightening and guiding function on the comprehensive research of wetland on regional scale. The relationship between spatial patterns, ecological processes and scale is the core research contents of landscape ecology. Similarly, research on wetland spatial patterns, ecological processes and their relationship on landscape scale is hot spot of the current wetland research. This article reviews the domestic and foreign research progress of methods of landscape patterns and ecological processes, main ecological processes and the relationship between wetland landscape patterns and ecological processes. Finally, the author analyzes the problems and insufficiency of the present studies of the relationship between wetland landscape patterns and ecological processes, research hot spot and tendency of ecological processes of wetland and the relationship between wetland landscape patterns and ecological processes in the future.

Key words: Ecological processes    Wetland    Landscape patterns    Hydrological process.
收稿日期: 2007-05-28 出版日期: 2007-09-10
:  P33  
基金资助:

国家重点基础研究发展计划项目“湿地系统水生态过程与格局耦合机理”(编号:2006CB403301)资助.

通讯作者: 胡巍巍(1970-),男,安徽怀宁人,讲师,博士研究生,主要从事资源环境、景观生态方面的研究.E-mail:hz_f97@126.com     E-mail: hz_f97@126.com
作者简介: 胡巍巍(1970-),男,安徽怀宁人,讲师,博士研究生,主要从事资源环境、景观生态方面的研究.E-mail:hz_f97@126.com
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
胡巍巍
王根绪

引用本文:

胡巍巍,王根绪. 湿地景观格局与生态过程研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2007, 22(9): 969-975.

HU Wei-wei, WANG Gen-xu. Advances in Research of Landscape Patterns and Ecological Processes of Wetland. Advances in Earth Science, 2007, 22(9): 969-975.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2007.09.0969        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2007/V22/I9/969

[1]He Chiquan, Zhao Kuiyi, Yu Guoying, et al. Advance in research of ecological processes in wetlands[J].Advances in Earth Science,2000, 15(2): 165-169.[何池全,赵魁义,余国营,等.湿地生态过程研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展,2000, 15(2): 165-169.]
[2]Yang Yongxing. Main characteristics, progress and prospect of international wetland science research[J].Advances in Earth Science,2002, 21(2): 112-118. [杨永兴. 国际湿地科学研究的主要特点、进展与展望[J]. 地球科学进展, 2002, 21(2): 112-118.]
[3]Song Changchun. Advance in research on carbon cycling in wetlands[J].Geography Science,2003,23(5):622-626.[宋长春. 湿地生态系统碳循环研究进展[J]. 地理科学,2003,23(5):622-626. ]
[4]Yu Guoying. Respect and prospect of the wetland research in China[J].Research and Development of Global Science and Technology,2002,22(3):61-65.[余国营. 湿地研究进展与展望[J]. 世界科技研究与发展,2002,22(3):61-65.]
[5]Wu Jianguo. Wetland Ecology—Pattern, Process, Scale and Rank[M]. Beijing: Higher Education Press,2000.[邬建国. 景观生态学——格局、过程、尺度与等级[M]. 北京:高等教育出版社,2000.] 
[6]He H S. An aggregation index (AI) to quantify spatial patterns of landscapes[J].Landscape Ecology,2000, 15(7):591-601.
[7]Olsen E R, Ramsey R D, Winn D S. A modified fractal dimension as a measure of landscape diversity[J].Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing,1993, 59:1 517-1 520.
[8]O' neill R V, Kreummer J R, Gardner R H, et al. Indices of landscape pattern[J].Landscape Ecology,1998,(1):153-162.
[9]Turner M G, Gardner R H, eds. Quantitative methods in Landscape Ecology[M].New York: Springer-Verlag, 1990:3-16.
[10]Haines-Young R H,Chopping M. Quantifying landscape structure: A review of landscape indices and their application to forested landscapes[J].Progress in Physical Geography,1996,20:418-445.
[11]Li Xiuzhen, Bu Rencang, Chang Yu, et al. The response of landscape metrics against pattern scenarios[J].Journal of Ecology,2004, 24(1):124-132.[李秀珍, 布仁仓, 常禹,等.景观格局指标对不同景观格局的反应[J]. 生态学报, 2004, 24(1):124-132.]
[12]Lutz Tischendorf.Can landscape indices predict ecological processes consistently?[J].Landscape Ecology,2001, 16:235-254.
[13]Bai Junhong, Ou Yanghua, Yang Zhifeng. Advance in changes of wetland landscape patterns[J].Advance in Geography Science,2005, 24 (4):36-42.[白军红,欧阳华,杨志锋. 湿地景观格局变化研究进展[J]. 地理科学进展, 2005, 24 (4):36-42.] 
[14]Huang Yilong, Fu Bojie, Chen Liding. Advance in ecohydrological process research[J].Journal of Ecology,2003,23(3):581-585.[黄奕龙,傅伯杰,陈利顶. 生态水文过程研究进展[J]. 生态学报, 2003,23(3):581-585.]
[15]Turner M C, Ruschcr G L. Changes in landscape patterns in georgia[J].Landscape Ecology,1988, 1(4):241-251.
[16]Xie Shuyun, Bao Zhengyu, Li Hao. Geo-chemical issues in wetland resources utilization and research[J].Yangtze River,2004,35(5):34-36.[谢淑云,鲍征宇,李浩. 湿地资源利用中的环境地球化学问题及其研究[J]. 人民长江, 2004,35(5):34-36.]
[17]Cui Baoshan, Yang Zhifeng. Advance in research of modeling on wetland ecosystem[J].Advances in Earth Science,2001,16(3): 352-358.[崔保山,杨志峰. 湿地生态系统模型研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展,2001,16(3):352-358.]
[18]Yao Zhigang, Xie Shuyun, Bao Zhengyu. Advance in research of ecological geochemistry of wetland[J].Preventing and Controlling of Environmental Pollution,2006,28(2):121-124.[姚志刚,谢淑云,鲍征宇. 湿地生态地球化学研究进展[J]. 环境污染与防治, 2006,28(2):121-124.] 
[19]Lü Y H, Fu B J. Ecological scale and scaling[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,2001,21(12):2 096-2 105.
[20]David Peterson, Thomas Parker V. Ecological scale: Theory and Application[M].New York:Columbia University Press,1998:253-270.
[21]Wang Genxu, Qianju, Cheng Guodong. Present research and prospect in ecohydrology[J].Advances in Earth Science,2001,16(3):314-323.[王根绪,钱鞠,程国栋. 生态水文科学研究的现状与展望[J]. 地球科学进展, 2001,16(3):314-323.]
[22]Hu Jinming, Deng Wei, Xia Baicheng. Application of LASCAM in study on the ecohydrological processes of catchment[J].Geography Science,2005,25(4):427-432.[胡金明,邓伟, 夏佰成. LASCAM水文模型在流域生态水文过程研究中的应用[J]. 地理科学, 2005,25(4):427-432.]
[23]Mitsch W J, Gosselink J G. Wetlands[M]. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, 2000.
[24]Baird A J, Price J S, Roulet N T. et al. Special issue of Hydrological Processes: Wetland hydrology and ecohydrology[J].Hydrological Processes,2004,18:211-212.
[25]Yang Zhifeng, Cui Baoshan, Huang Guohe, et al. Hydro-ecological Processes, water-environmental effects and integrated control of ecological security for wetlands in Huang-Huai-Hai region of China[J].Advances in Earth Science,2006,21(11):1 119-1 125.[杨志峰,崔保山,黄国和,等.黄淮海地区湿地水生态过程、水环境效应及生态安全调控[J]. 地球科学进展, 2006,21(11):1 119-1 125.]
[26]Chen Liding, Fu Bojie, Xu Jianying, et al. Location-weighted landscape contrast index: a scale independent approach for landscape pattern evaluation based on“Source-Sink”ecological processes[J].Journal of Ecology,2003,23(11):2406-2413.[陈利顶,傅伯杰,徐建英,等.基于“源—汇”生态过程的景观格局识别方法[J].生态学报,2003,23(11):2 406-2 413.]
[27]Shan Baoqing, Yin Chengqing, Li Guibao. Transport and retention of phosphorus pollutants in the landscape with a traditional, multipond system[J].Water, Air and Soil Pollution,2002,139: 15-34.
[28]Li Xiuzhen, Xiao Duning, Hu Yuanman,et al. Effect of wetland landscape pattern on nutrient reduction in the Liaohe delta[J].Acta Geographica Sinica,2001,56(1):33-41.[李秀珍, 肖笃宁, 胡远满,等.辽河三角洲湿地景观格局对养分去除功能影响的模拟[J]. 地理学报,2001,56(1):33-41.]
[29]Liu Hongyu,Li Zhaofu.Hydrological regime changing process and analysis of its influencing factors in a typical wetland watershed of the Sanjiang Plain[J].Journal of Natural Resources,2005,20(4):493-494.[刘红玉,李兆富. 三江平原典型湿地流域水文情势变化过程及其影响因素分析[J]. 自然资源学报, 2005,20(4):493-494.]
[30]Yan Denghua, He Yan, Wang Hao, et al. Review of effect of the ecohydrological process on water environment[J].Advances in Water Science,2005,16(5):747-751.[严登华,何岩,王浩,等. 生态水文过程对水环境影响研究述评[J]. 水科学进展, 2005,16(5):747-751.]
[31]Gao Chao, Zhu Jiye, Du Yijian, et al. Landscape management practices for the control of non-point source pollution: Methods and principles[J].Journal of Ecology,2004,24(1):110-113.[高超,朱继业,窦贻俭,等.基于非点源污染控制的景观格局优化方法与原则[J]. 生态学报, 2004,24(1):110-113.]
[32]Wu Haitao, Lü Xianguo. Research progress and prospect of China wetlands assessment[J].Global Forestry Research,2005,18(4):50-53.[武海涛,吕宪国. 中国湿地评价研究进展与展望[J]. 世界林业研究,2005,18(4):50-53.]
[33]Wang Yanglin.Advance in pattern and process research of agricultural wetland[J].Advance in Environment Science,1998,6(2):29-34.[王仰麟. 农业景观格局与过程研究进展[J]. 环境科学进展,1998,6(2):29-34.]
[31]Fu Bojie, Lü Yihe. Advance and prospect in landscape ecology[R]. 2004.[傅伯杰,吕一河. 景观生态学的进展与展望[R].2004.]
[34]Bai Junhong, Deng Wei, Zhu Yanming. Advance in research on wetland hydrogeochemical processes[J].Chinese Journal of Ecology,2002, 21(1):53-57.[白军红,邓伟,朱颜明. 湿地生物地球化学过程研究进展[J]. 生态学杂志,2002, 21(1):53-57.]
[35]Zhao Wenwu, Fu Bojie, Chen Liding. Some fundamental issues in scaling [J].Advances in Earth Science,2002 ,17 (6) :905-911.[赵文武,傅伯杰,陈利顶. 尺度推绎研究中的几点基本问题[J]. 地球科学进展,2002 ,17(6):905-911.]
[36]Wang Yanyan,Sheng Lianxi,He Chunguang.Outlook for international wetland ecology research[J].Geography and Geo-Information Science,2005,21(6):56-59.[王燕燕,盛连喜,何春光. 国际湿地生态学研究前瞻[J]. 地理与地理信息科学, 2005,21(6):56-59.]
[37]Yu Guoying. Views of some basic problems on wetland researches[J].Progress in Geography,2001,20(2):177-182.[余国营. 湿地研究的若干基本科学问题初论[J]. 地理科学进展,2001,20(2):177-182.]
[38]Wolanski Eric, Luís Chicharo, M Alexandra Chicharo, et al. An ecohydrology model of the Guadiana Estuary (South Portugal) [J].Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science,2006,70:132-143.
[39]Liu Hongyu, Lü Xianguo, Zhang Shikui. Progress on the study of process of wetland Landscape changes and cumulative environmental effects[J].Progress in Geography,2003,22(1):60-67.[刘红玉,吕宪国,张世奎. 湿地景观变化过程与累积环境效应研究进展[J]. 地理科学进展, 2003,22(1):60-67.] 
[40]Feng Huali, Wang Chao, Zhu Guangcan. Effect of land use on ecological water requirement of river basin[J].Advances in Water Science,2002,13(6):757-761.[丰华丽,王超,朱光灿. 土地利用变化对流域生态需水的影响分析[J]. 水科学进展,2002,13(6):757-761.]
[41]Georg A. Janauer Ecohydrology: Fusing concepts and scales[J].Ecological Engineering,2000,16:9-16.
[42]Stefan Krausea, Jörg Jacobsb, Axel Bronstert. Modelling the impacts of land-use and drainage density on the water balance of a lowland floodplain landscape in northeast Germany[J].Ecological Modeling,2006.
[43]Tatrai K, Paulovits G, Paulovits G, et al.The role of the Kis-Balaton Water Protection System in the control of water quality of Lake Balaton[J].Ecological Engineering,2000,16: 73-78.
[44]Mtahiko M G G, Gereta E, Kajuni A R,et al.Towards an ecohydrology-based restoration of the Usangu wetlands and the Great Ruaha River, Tanzania[J].Wetlands Ecology and Management,2006,14:489-503.
[45]O'Neill R V, Deangelis D L, Waide J B,et al.A hierarchical concept of ecosystem[M].New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1986.
[46]Wang Xianli, Li Xiuzhen. Advances in wetland researches [J].Chinese Journal of Ecology,1997,16(1):58-62.[王宪礼,李秀珍. 湿地的国内外研究进展[J]. 生态学杂志, 1997,16(1):58-62.]
[47]Wang Xuelei, Wu Yijin. The application of the Markov Model on the dynamic change of wetland landscape pattern in Four-Lake area[J].Journal of Huazhong Agricultural University,2002,21(3):288-291.[王学雷,吴宜进.马尔柯夫模型在四湖地区湿地景观变化研究中的应用[J]. 华中农业大学学报,2002,21(3):288-291.]
[48]Li Ying, Zhang Yangzhen, Zhang Shuwen. The Landscape pattern and ecologic effect of the marsh changes in the Sanjiang Plain[J].Geography Science,2002,22(6):677-681.[李颖,张养贞,张树文. 三江平原沼泽湿地景观格局变化及其生态效应[J]. 地理科学,2002, 22(6):677-681.]
[49]Zhao Yanwei, Yang Zhifeng. Study on spatial and temporal scale of river ecosystem restoration [J].Journal of Soil and Water Conservation,2005,19(3):196-199.[赵彦伟, 杨志峰. 河流生态系统修复的时空尺度探讨[J]. 水土保持学报,2005,19(3):196-199.]
[50]Zalewski M. Ecohydrology-the scientific background to use ecosystem properties as management tools toward sustainability of water resources[J].Ecological Engineering,2000,16(1):1-8.
[51]Wang Xingju, Xu Shiguo, Zhang Qi. Multi-objective optimal allocation of areal water resources based on sustainable development[J].Journal of China Hydrology,2006,26(4):1-5.[王兴菊,许士国,张奇. 湿地水文研究进展综述[J]. 水文,2006,26(4):1-5.]
[52]Liu Hongyu, Li Zhaofu. Spatial gradients of wetland landscape and their influential factors in watershed[J].Journal of Ecology,2006,26(1):214-218.[刘红玉,李兆富. 流域湿地景观空间梯度格局及其影响因素分析[J]. 生态学报,2006,26(1):214-218.]
[53]Xi Min,Liu Hongyu,Lü Xianguo.Progress in study on the water quality purification functions of wetlands in watershed[J].Advances in Water Science,2006,17(4):566-571.[郗敏,刘红玉,吕宪国. 流域湿地水质净化功能研究进展[J]. 水科学进展, 2006,17(4):566-571.]
[54]Gardner Robert H, Urban Dean L. Neutral models for testing landscape hypotheses[J].Landscape Ecology,2007,22(1):15-29.
[55]Mitchell D S, Raisin G W, Croome R L. The effectiveness of a small constructed wetland in ameliorating diffuse nutrient loadings from an Australian rural catchment[J].Ecological Engineering,1997,9:19-35.
[56]Janauer Georg A. Ecohydrology: Fusing concepts and scales[J].Ecological Engineering,2000,16:9-16.
[57]Kimberly A With, Anthony W King. Dispersal success on fractal landscapes: A consequence of lacunarity thresholds[J].Landscape Ecology,1999,14:73-82.

[1] 李建国, 王文超, 濮励杰, 刘丽丽, 张忠启, 李强. 滩涂围垦对盐沼湿地碳收支的影响研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2017, 32(6): 599-614.
[2] 安正韬, Wei Yongping. 澳大利亚湿地水环境管理和技术的有机结合[J]. 地球科学进展, 2016, 31(2): 213-224.
[3] 郑聚锋, 潘根兴, 程琨, 张旭辉. 从《IPCC 2006 国家温室气体排放清单增补:2013湿地》谈湿地温室气体计量进展及问题[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(10): 1120-1125.
[4] 彭建, 刘焱序, 潘雅婧, 赵志强, 宋治清, 王仰麟. 基于景观格局—过程的城市自然灾害生态风险研究:回顾与展望[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(10): 1186-1196.
[5] 范伟,章光新,李然然. 湿地地表水—地下水交互作用的研究综述[J]. 地球科学进展, 2012, 27(4): 413-423.
[6] 傅伯杰,徐延达,吕一河. 景观格局与水土流失的尺度特征与耦合方法[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(7): 673-681.
[7] 尹锴,赵千钧,赵煜. 城市森林生态服务功能在城市景观规划中应用的思考[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(4): 444-450.
[8] 赵红梅,于晓菲,王健,王国平. 火烧对湿地生态系统影响研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(4): 374-380.
[9] 邓伟,白军红,胡金明,李爱农. 黄淮海湿地系统分类体系构建[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(10): 1023-1030.
[10] 王健,赵红梅,徐大伟,于晓菲,吕宪国,王国平. 湿地生态系统中的多环芳烃研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(8): 936-941.
[11] 王朗,徐延达,傅伯杰,吕一河. 半干旱区景观格局与生态水文过程研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(11): 1238-1246.
[12] 张祥霖,石盛莉,潘根兴,李恋卿,张旭辉,李志鹏. 互花米草入侵下福建漳江口红树林湿地土壤生态化学变化[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(9): 974-981.
[13] 李锋瑞,刘继亮. 干旱区根土界面水分再分配及其生态水文效应研究进展与展望[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(7): 698-706.
[14] 赵同谦,张华,徐华山,贺玉晓. 黄河湿地孟津段不同植物群落类型土壤有机质含量变化特征研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(6): 638-643.
[15] 张永民,赵士洞,郭荣朝. 全球湿地的状况、未来情景与可持续管理对策[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(4): 415-420.