Please wait a minute...
img img
高级检索
地球科学进展  2009, Vol. 24 Issue (8): 936-941    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.08.0936
生态学研究     
湿地生态系统中的多环芳烃研究进展
王健1,赵红梅1,徐大伟2,于晓菲1,吕宪国1,王国平1*
1.中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所湿地生态与环境重点实验室,吉林 长春 130012;
2.长春大学计算机科学技术学院,吉林 长春 130022
A Review of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Wetland Ecosystem
Wang Jian1, Zhao Hongmei1, Xu Dawei2, Yu Xiaofei1, Lü Xianguo1, Wang Guoping1
1.Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Environment, Institute of Northeast Geography and Agroecology,Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130012, China;
2.College of Computer Science and Technology, Changchun University, Changchun 130022, China
 全文: PDF(1017 KB)  
摘要:

湿地是人类最重要的生存环境之一,但由于人类活动的干扰,湿地正遭受不同程度的污染,湿地功能也处在不断退化之中。如何保护并合理利用湿地,已成为人类共同面临的一个严峻问题。对湿地生态系统中的多环芳烃(PAHs)的国内外研究热点问题进行概括总结,介绍了湿地中PAHs的污染状况、来源解析、分布特征、修复技术、对生物的毒害及风险评价等研究的主要进展,讨论了湿地中PAHs变化趋势,此外还提出了目前湿地PAHs研究中一些亟待解决的问题:如何确定分散污染源的贡献率问题,进而提出有针对性的防治措施;提高高活性微生物的环境适应能力;研究人类活动影响的比例,并预测未来的变化趋势;PAHs污染生态风险阈值的研究。并对该领域未来可能的发展趋势进行了展望。

关键词: 湿地PAHs污染状况来源解析分布特征修复技术    
Abstract:

    Wetlands are environments that mankind depends on for existence, but disturbance of human activities cause wetlands to suffer from pollution, and the function of wetland are continuously in the degradation status. Mankind faces the severe problem of how to protect and make rational use of wetlands. The focusing problems about polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons(PAHs) in wetland ecosystem were classified and summarized, and the main advance of wetland PAHs contaminated status, origin analysis, distribution characteristics, remediation technic, physiological effects and potential risk were also discussed. Then, transform trend and some questions needed to be solved of PAHs in wetland were analysed. Finally, future research on PAHs in wetland was reviewed. Some problem need to be solved, such as how to confirm the contribution rate of dispersed pollution source and bring forward pertinent prevention measures, promote the environment adaptability of high activity microbial, study the influencing ratio of mankind activity and forecast future variety trend, and the study of PAHs pollution ecological risk threshold.

Key words: Wetland    PAHs    Contaminated status    Origin analysis    Distribution characteristics    Remediation technical
收稿日期: 2009-02-20 出版日期: 2009-08-10
:  X171  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“大兴安岭、长白山雨养泥炭档案纪录的尘暴演化历史”(编号:40871089)和“三江平原湿地系统双向演替下的结构、功能变化与生态效应”(编号:40830535);中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目“典型湿地物质循环过程及其环境效应研究”(编号:KZCX2-YW-309)资助.

通讯作者: 王国平(1964-),男,吉林德惠人,博士,研究员,主要从事湿地环境研究.     E-mail: wangguoping@neigae.ac.cn
作者简介: 王健(1976-),男,吉林农安人,博士,助理研究员,主要从事湿地环境研究. E-mail:wangjian@neigae.ac.cn
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
王健
赵红梅
徐大伟
于晓菲
吕宪国
王国平

引用本文:

王健,赵红梅,徐大伟,于晓菲,吕宪国,王国平. 湿地生态系统中的多环芳烃研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(8): 936-941.

Wang Jian, Zhao Hongmei, Xu Dawei, Yu Xiaofei, Lü Xianguo, Wang Guoping. A Review of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Wetland Ecosystem. Advances in Earth Science, 2009, 24(8): 936-941.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.08.0936        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2009/V24/I8/936

[1] Xu S S, Liu W X, Tao S.Emission of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in China[J].Environmental Science & Technology,2006, 40(3): 702-708.
[2] Edwards N T. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the terrestrial environment: A review[J].Journal of Environmental Quality, 1983, 12(4): 427-441.
[3] Zhu Wenfeng. Occurrence of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Coastal Sediments of Guangdong Province[D]. Guangzhou: Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2007.[朱文峰. 广东省沿海表层沉积物中多环芳烃的研究[D]. 广州: 中国科学院广州地球化学研究所, 2007.]
[4] Li Zhu. Study on PAHs Distribution Characteristies and Sorption Mechanism in Huang Pu River[D]. Shanghai:Tongji University, 2007.[李竺.多环芳烃在黄浦江水体的分布特征及吸附机理研究[D]. 上海:同济大学,2007.]
[5] Ke L, Wong T W Y, Wong Y S, et al. Fate of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) contamination in a mangrove swamp in Hong Kong following an oil spill[J].Marine Pollution Bulletin,2002, 45: 339-347.
[6] Tian Y, Liu H J, Zheng T L, et al. PAHs contamination and bacterial communities in mangrove surface sediments of the Jiulong River Estuary, China[J].Marine Pollution Bulletin,2008, 57: 707-715.
[7] Liu G Q, Zhang G, Li X D,et al. Sedimentary record of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in a sediment core from the Pearl River Estuary, South China[J].Marine Pollution Bulletin,2005, 51: 912-921.
[8] Janet D. Petrology and organic geochemistry of peat samples from a raised bog in Kalimantan(Bprneo)[J].Organic Geochemistry, 1993, 20(3):349-362.
[9] Berset J D, Kuehne P, Shotyk W. Concentrations and distribution of some polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons(PAHs)in an ombrotrophic peat bog profile of Switzerland[J].The Science of the Total Environment,2001,267: 67-85.
[10] Shi Caikui, Jia Yiqun, Wang Guoping. The composition distribution and source analysis of Changbai Mountains ombrotophic peat surface layer of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons[J].China Environmental Science,2008, 28(5): 385-388.[史彩奎,贾益群,王国平.长白山雨养泥炭表层多环芳烃组成分布及来源分析[J].中国环境科学,2008,28(5):385-388.]
[11] Shi Caikui, Jia Yiqun, Wang Guoping. Distribution and sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon in Motianling ombrotrophic bog in greater hinggan Mountains[J].Wetland Science,2007, 5(3): 260-265.[史彩奎,贾益群,王国平.大兴安岭摩天岭雨养泥炭沼泽多环芳烃分布特征与来源分析[J].湿地科学,2007,5(3):260-265.]
[12] Liu Xiang,Zhang Gan, Liu Guoqing, et al. Studies on polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in mosses from the north slope of Nanling Mountains[J].China Environmental Science,2005, 25(1):101-105.[刘向,张干,刘国卿,等.南岭北坡苔藓中多环芳烃的研究[J].中国环境科学,2005,25(1): 101-105.]
[13] Liu Jianhua, Qi Shihua, Zhang Gan,et al. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Lalu wetland of Lhasa city and their sources[J]. Geophysical & Geochemical Exploration,2003, 27(6):490-492.[刘建华,祁士华,张干,等.拉萨市拉鲁湿地多环芳烃污染及其来源[J].物探与化探,2003,27(6):490-492.]
[14] Qi Shihua, Zhang Gan, Liu Jianhua, et al. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) of urban atmosphere in Lhasa City and in soil of Lharu wetland[J].China Environmental Science,2003, 23(4): 349-352.[祁士华,张干,刘建华,等.拉萨市城区大气和拉鲁湿地土壤中的多环芳烃[J].中国环境科学,2003,23(4):349-352.]
[15] Martins M, Ferreira A M, Vale C. The influence of Sarcocornia fruticosa on retention of PAHs in salt marsh sediments (Sado estuary, Portugal)[J].Chemosphere, 2008, 71: 1 599-1 606.
[16] Su Y H, Zhu Y G. Uptake of selected PAHs from contaminated soils by rice seedlings (Oryza sativa) and influence of rhizosphere on PAH distribution[J].Environmental Pollution,2008, 155: 359-365.
[17] Luo Xuemei, He Mengchang, Liu Changming. Characteristics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons sorption on wetland soil in yellow river delta[J].Environment Chemistry,2007, 26(2): 125-129.[罗雪梅,何孟常,刘昌明.黄河三角洲地区湿地土壤对多环芳烃的吸附特征[J].环境化学,2007,26(2):125-129.]
[18] Zheng G J, Man B K.W, Lam J C W, et al. Distribution and sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the sediment of a sub-tropical coastal wetland[J].Water Research,2002, 36: 1 457-1 468.
[19] Flemming A T, Weinstein J E, Lewitus A J. Survey of PAH in low density residential stormwater ponds in coastal South Carolina: False dark mussels (Mytilopsis leucophaeata) as potential biomonitors[J].Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2008, 56:1 598-1 608.
[20] Tian X X, Liu J X, Zhou G Y, et al. Estimation of the annual scavenged amount of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by forests in the Pearl River Delta of Southern China[J].Environmental Pollution,2008, 156: 306-315.
[21] Liang Y, Tsea M F, Young L, et al. Distribution patterns of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the sediments and fish at Mai Po Marshes Nature Reserve, Hong Kong[J].Water Research, 2007, 41: 1 303-1 311.
[22] Guzzella L, Roscioli C, Vigano L, et al. Evaluation of the concentration of HCH, DDT, HCB, PCB and PAH in the sediments along the lower stretch of Hugli estuary, West Bengal, northeast India[J].Environment International, 2005, 31: 523-534.
[23] Mitra S, Bianchi T S. A preliminary assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon distributions in the lower Mississippi River and Gulf of Mexico[J].Marine Chemistry, 2003, 82: 273-288.
[24] Fabbri D, Vassura I, Sun Ch G, et al. Source apportionment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in a coastal lagoon by molecular and isotopic characterisation[J].Marine Chemistry, 2003, 84: 123-135.
[25] Ping L F, Luo Y M, Zhang H B, et al. Distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in thirty typical soil profiles in the Yangtze River Delta region, east China[J].Environmental Pollution, 2007, 147: 358-365.
[26] Kimbrough K L, Dickhut R M. Assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon input to urban wetlands in relation to adjacent land use[J].Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2006, 52: 1 355-1 363.
[27] Dreyer A, Blodau C, Turunen J, et al. The spatial distribution of PAHdepositions to peatlands of Eastern Canada[J]. Atmospheric Environment, 2005, 39: 3 725-3 733.
[28] Luo Xuemei, He Mengchang, Liu Changming. Effect of microorganism for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) sorption on surface sediments and soils[J].Environmental Science,2007, 28(2): 261-266.[罗雪梅,何孟常,刘昌明.微生物对土壤与沉积物吸附多环芳烃的影响[J].环境科学, 2007, 28(2): 261-266.]
[29] Potin O, Veignie E, Rafin C. Biodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) by Cladosporium sphaerospermum isolated from an aged PAH contaminated soil[J].FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 2004, 51: 71-78.
[30] Yu K S H, Wong A H Y, Yau K W Y,et al. Natural attenuation, biostimulation and bioaugmentation on biodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in mangrove sediments[J].Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2005, 51: 1 071-1 077.
[31] Tam N F Y, Guo C L, Yau W Y, et al. Preliminary study on biodegradation of phenanthrene by bacteria isolated from mangrove sediments in Hong Kong[J].Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2002, 45: 316-324.
[32] Zhou H W, Luan T G, Zou F, et al. Different bacterial groups for biodegradation of three-and four-ring PAHs isolated from a Hong Kong mangrove sediment[J].Journal of Hazardous Materials,2008, 152: 1 179-1 185.
[33] Hong Y W, Yuan D X, Lin Q M,et al. Accumulation and biodegradation of phenanthrene and fluoranthene by the algae enriched from a mangrove aquatic ecosystem[J].Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2008, 56: 1 400-1 405.
[34] Abbondanzi F, Campisi T, Focanti M, et al. Assessing degradation capability of aerobic indigenous microflora in PAH-contaminated brackish sediments[J].Marine Environmental Research,2005, 59: 419-434.
[35] Smith K E, Schwab A P, Banks M K. Dissipation of PAHs in saturated, dredged sediments:A field trial[J].Chemosphere, 2008, 72(10):1 614-1 619.
[36] Gao Y, Yu X Z, Wu S C, et al. Interactions of rice (Oryza sativa L.) and PAH-degrading bacteria (Acinetobacter sp.) on enhanced dissipation of spiked phenanthrene and pyrene in waterlogged soil[J].Science of the Total Environment,2006, 372: 1-11.[37] Luan T G, Yu K S H, Zhong Y, et al. Study of metabolites from the degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) by bacterial consortium enriched from mangrove sediments[J].Chemosphere,2006, 65: 2 289-2 296.
[38] Henner P,Schiavon M, Druelle V, et al. Phytotoxicity of ancient gaswork soils. Effect of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) on plant germination[J].Organic Geochemistry,1999, 30: 963-969.
[39] Oliveira R C A, Vollaire Y, SanchezChardi A, et al. Bioaccumulation and the effects of organochlorine pesticides, PAH and heavy metals in the Eel (Anguilla anguilla) at the Camargue Nature Reserve, France[J].Aquatic Toxicology, 2005, 74: 53-69.
[40] Meudec A, Poupart N, Dussauze J, et al. Relationship between heavy fuel oil phytotoxicity and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon contamination in Salicornia fragilis[J].Science of the Total Environment,2007, 381: 146-156.
[41] Cheney M A, Liu J, Amei A, et al. A comparative study on the uptake of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by Anodonta californiensis[J].Environmental Pollution, 2009,157(2): 601-608.
[42] Luna R, Watanabe K H, Wilding A J. Spatial bioaccumulation modeling in a network of bayous[J].Environmental Modelling & Software,2006, 21:1 674-1 683.
[43] Watanabe K H, Lin H I, Henry L B J, et al. Bayesian estimation of kinetic rate constants in a food-web model of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon bioaccumulation[J].Ecological Modelling,2005,181: 229-246.
[44] Zhou Huaidong, Zhao Jian, Lu Jin,et al. Distribution, sources and ecological risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in sediments from Baiyangdian wetland[J].Asian Journal of Ecotoxicology, 2008, 3(3):291-299.[周怀东,赵健,陆瑾,等.白洋淀湿地表层沉积物多环芳烃的分布、来源及生态风险评价[J].生态毒理学报, 2008, 3(3):291-299.]
[45] Manzo S, Nicola F D, Picione F D L, et al. Assessment of the effects of soil PAH accumulation by a battery of ecotoxicological tests[J].Chemosphere,2008, 71: 1 937-1 944.

[1] 李建国, 王文超, 濮励杰, 刘丽丽, 张忠启, 李强. 滩涂围垦对盐沼湿地碳收支的影响研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2017, 32(6): 599-614.
[2] 马其琦, 柯长青. 江苏近海有色可溶有机物时空分布特征[J]. 地球科学进展, 2017, 32(5): 524-534.
[3] 安正韬, Wei Yongping. 澳大利亚湿地水环境管理和技术的有机结合[J]. 地球科学进展, 2016, 31(2): 213-224.
[4] 黄鹏, 陈立奇, 蔡明刚. 全球海洋人为碳储量估算及时空分布研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2015, 30(8): 952-959.
[5] 刘军, 于志刚, 臧家业, 孙涛, 赵晨英, 冉祥滨. 黄渤海有机碳的分布特征及收支评估研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2015, 30(5): 564-578.
[6] 刘春颖, 刘欢欢, 杨桂朋, 王莉莉, 张升辉. 夏季黄海冷水团海域的丙烯酸分布与海洋环境因子和叶绿素a变化之间的关系[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(3): 361-368.
[7] 郑聚锋, 潘根兴, 程琨, 张旭辉. 从《IPCC 2006 国家温室气体排放清单增补:2013湿地》谈湿地温室气体计量进展及问题[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(10): 1120-1125.
[8] 牛富俊,董晟,林战举,鲁嘉濠,罗京. 青藏公路沿线热喀斯特湖分布特征及其热效应研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2013, 28(6): 695-702.
[9] 张朝林, 宋长青. “中国地区整层大气甲烷柱总量及其垂直分布特征研究”研究成果介绍[J]. 地球科学进展, 2013, 28(11): 1285-1286.
[10] 范伟,章光新,李然然. 湿地地表水—地下水交互作用的研究综述[J]. 地球科学进展, 2012, 27(4): 413-423.
[11] 谭丽菊,张哲,梁成菊,王江涛. 青岛邻近海域海水中有机碳的分布特征[J]. 地球科学进展, 2011, 26(4): 426-432.
[12] 赵红梅,于晓菲,王健,王国平. 火烧对湿地生态系统影响研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(4): 374-380.
[13] 邓伟,白军红,胡金明,李爱农. 黄淮海湿地系统分类体系构建[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(10): 1023-1030.
[14] 唐阵武,岳勇,许其功. 水体中多溴联苯醚污染及其生态风险[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(2): 204-210.
[15] 张祥霖,石盛莉,潘根兴,李恋卿,张旭辉,李志鹏. 互花米草入侵下福建漳江口红树林湿地土壤生态化学变化[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(9): 974-981.