地球科学进展 ›› 2016, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (2): 213 -224. doi: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2016.02.0213

研究简报 上一篇    

澳大利亚湿地水环境管理和技术的有机结合
安正韬, Wei Yongping   
  1. Australia China Joint Research Centre on River Basin Management, Room 423, Engineering Block B, The University of Melbourne, Parkville 3010 VIC Australia
  • 收稿日期:2015-12-21 出版日期:2016-02-10

Australian Wetland Water Environment Management and Technology Dynamic Integration

An Zhengtao, Wei Yongping   

  1. Australia China Joint Research Centre on River Basin Management, Room 423, Engineering Block B, The University of Melbourne, Parkville 3010 VIC Australia
  • Received:2015-12-21 Online:2016-02-10 Published:2016-02-10
  • About author:An Zhengtao(1987-),female, Jinzhou City, Hebei Province, Research Assistant. Research area include Australian wetland water environment technology management.E-mail:anzhengtao@hotmail.com
澳大利亚政府对湿地水环境的管理和先进技术的实施非常重视,近年来取得了明显成效。无论其管理手段还是技术的先进性都在世界上占有领先地位。通过分析澳大利亚湿地水环境管理政府部门工作形式,2个大型流域Murray-Darling流域(MDB)和Eyre湖流域(LEB)湿地水环境管理和技术有机结合的实例,以及对比两国湿地水环境管理上的差异,总结出澳大利亚湿地水环境管理的成功因素是:政府部门设置和技术的有机结合、公众参与和大范围监测实施技术的结合,以及创新的政策手段与先进技术的有机结合。此外,MDB管理机构(MDBA)这样的实体管理机构在管理形式上适应性更强、更持久;LEB协议这样的虚拟管理机构则更灵活多样,运行成本更低。澳大利亚湿地水环境管理成功经验可以为我国管理湿地提供借鉴和依据。
Australian government attaches great importance to the management of wetland water environment and the implementation of advanced technology, and has made large processes in the recent decades. Australia is one of the best country in global for wetland management and technology implementation. Based on the analysis of Australian government working method for wetland water environment management, two wetland water environment management and technology dynamic integration cases, and on the comparason ofthe differences of wetland water environment management between the two countries, including Murray-Darling Basin (MDB) and Lake Eyre Basin (LEB), it can be concluded that the success of Australian wetland water environment management is because of the following reasons: the dynamic integration between department establishment and technology, the dynamic integration between public participation and monitoring technology, as well as the dynamic integration between innovation policy and advanced technology. Furthermore, entity management method such as Murray-Darling Basin Authority (MDBA) is more adaptable and has longer lifespan. Such virtual management method as Lake Eyre Basin Intergovernmental Agreement is more flexible and has lower cost. The lessons learned from Australian government can help China manage wetland water environment.

中图分类号: 

[1] Australian Government Department of the Environment. Managing Wetlands. Who Manages Australia’s Wetlands?[EB/OL].2015[2015-11-10].http:∥www.environment.gov.au/water/wetlands/managing.
[2] Zhang Zhenwu, Wang Hong. Comparison the moorland protection between Australian and China[J]. Jilin Water Resources,2004,(6): 62-64.[张振武,王宏. 由澳大利亚的生态环境看中国湿地保护[J].吉林水利,2004,(6): 62-64.]
[3] Hu Jing, Liu Enci. Environmental legislation implementation in Australia[J]. Environmental Economy,2012,(Suppl.1):83-85.[胡静,刘恩赐. 澳大利亚环境法的实施手段[J].环境经济,2012,(增刊1):83-85.]
[4] Head B W. Water policy—Evidence, learning and the governance of uncertainty[J]. Policy and Society, 2010,29(2): 171-180.
[5] Greenway M. The role of constructed wetlands in secondary effluent treatment and water reuse in subtropical and arid Australia[J]. Ecological Engineering, 2005,25(5): 501-509.
[6] Mangangka I R, Liu A, Egodawatta P, et al. Sectional analysis of stormwater treatment performance of a constructed wetland[J]. Ecological Engineering, 2015, 77: 172-179.
[7] Miloshis M, Fairfield C A. Coastal wetland management: A rating system for potential engineering interventions[J]. Ecological Engineering,2015, 75: 195-198,doi:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2014.12.002.
[8] Australian Government Department of the Environment. About us[EB/OL].2015[2015-10-01].http:∥www.environment.gov.au/about-us.
[9] Australian Government Department of Agriculture and Water Resources. About us[EB/OL].2015[2015-10-11]. http:∥www.agriculture.gov.au/about.
[10] Australian Government Department of Industry, Innovation and Science. About us[EB/OL].2015[2015-10-15].http:∥www.industry.gov.au/AboutUs/Pages/default.aspx.
[11] Australian Government Bureau of Meteorology. About Us[EB/OL].2015[2015-10-15].http:∥www.bom.gov.au/inside/index.shtml.
[12] ProProfs Quize Maker. Geography Quiz Assignment 3[EB/OL]. 2015[2015-09-17].http:∥www.proprofs.com/quiz-school/story.php?title=_113253.
[13] Australian Government Murray-Darling Basin Authority. Rivers/Murray River[EB/OL].2015[2015-10-10].http:∥images.mdba.gov.au/displayimage.php?album=128&pos=365.
[14] Australian Government Department of the Environment.Integrated Water Resource Management in Australia: Case Studies-Murray-Darling Basin Initiative[EB/OL]. 2015[2015-10-10].http:∥www.environment.gov.au/node/24407.
[15] Lake Eyre Basin. Lake Eyre Basin/Home Page[EB/OL].2015[2015-10-12]. http:∥www.lakeeyrebasin.gov.au.
[16] Australian Government Department of the Environment. Integrated Water Resource Management in Australia: Case Studies-Lake Eyre Basin Agreement[EB/OL].2015[2015-10-16]. http:∥www.environment.gov.au/node/24405.
[17] Australian Government Murray Darling Basin Authority. About MDBA[EB/OL]. 2015[2015-10-19].http:∥www.mdba.gov.au/about-mdba.
[18] Lake Eyre Basin. Collaborative Management[EB/OL]. 2015[2015-10-20].http:∥www.lakeeyrebasin.gov.au/collaborative-management.
[19] Australian Government Murray Darling Basin Authority. Salinity. Australian Government Murray Darling Basin Authority[EB/OL].2015[2015-10-22].http:∥www.mdba.gov.au/river-data/water-quality/salinity.
[20] Finterest Bringing Back Native Fish. Sea to Hume Fishways-monitoring Outcomes[EB/OL].2013[2015-10-22].http:∥www.finterest.com.au/fish-movement-and-migration/sea-to-hume-fishways-monitoring-outcomes/.
[21] Australian Government Murray Darling Basin Authority. Native Fish Strategy Achievements[EB/OL].2015[2015-10-22].http:∥www.mdba.gov.au/what-we-do/mon-eval-reporting/native-fish/native-fish-strategy-achievements.
[22] Australian Government Murray Darling Basin Authority. Roles and Responsibilities for Environmental Watering[EB/OL].2015[2015-11-01].http:∥www.mdba.gov.au/media-pubs/publications/environmental-watering-plan/ewp/ewp_ch4.
[23] Australian Government Murray Darling Basin Authority.Acid sulfate soils in the Murray-Darling Basin. Canberra, ACT, Australia[EB/OL].2011[2015-11-01].http:∥www.mdba.gov.au/media-pubs/publications/acid-sulfate-soils-murray-darling-basin.
[24] Australian Government Murray Darling Basin Authority. The Living Murray Environmental Monitoring[EB/OL]. 2015[2015-11-01].http:∥www.mdba.gov.au/what-we-do/mon-eval-reporting/TLM-environmental-monitoring.
[25] Lake Eyre Basin. Five Year Action Plan. Retrieved 2015, from Lake Eyre Basin[EB/OL]. 2015[2015-11-01].http:∥www.lakeeyrebasin.gov.au/programs/five-year-action-plan.
[26] Sternberg D, Cockayne B, Schmarr D. Lake Eyre Basin Rivers Assessment (LEBRA)[R]∥A Report to the Department of the Environment. Canberra: LEBRA Coordinator, 2014.
[27] Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation. Overview: A Basin-Scale Investigation into Water Availability in the Murray-Darling Basin and the Impacts of Development, Water Extraction and Climate[EB/OL]. 2015[2015-11-22].http:∥www.csiro.au/en/Research/LWF/Areas/Water-resources/Assessing-water-resources/Sustainable-yields/MurrayDarlingBasin/Overview.
[28] Lake Eyre Basin. Related Projects. Lake Eyre Basin[EB/OL]. 2015[2015-11-22].http:∥www.lakeeyrebasin.gov.au/programs/other-related-projects.
[29] Australian Government Department of the Environment. About the National Environmental Science Programme[EB/OL]. 2015[2015-11-22].http:∥www.environment.gov.au/science/nesp/about.
[30] Zhang Hailun. Strategic Study for Water Management in China[M]. Nanjing: Southeast University Press, 2005.[张海伦. 中国水管理战略研究[M]. 南京: 东南大学出版社, 2005.]
[31] Craik W. The Murray-Darling Basin[C]∥Water for Irrigated Agriculture and the Environment: Finding A Flow for All. Canberra: The ATSE Crawford Fund, 2007.
[32] Schofield N, Burt A, Connell D. Environmental Water Allocation: Principles, Policies and Practices[M]. Australia, Canberra: Land and Water, 2003.
[33] Hou Yaqin,Yao Huajun,Wang Ying. An analysis on water crisis and potentality of saving on water in China[J]. Resources & Industries,2003, 5(1): 10-14.[霍雅勤, 姚华军, 王瑛. 中国水资源危机与节水潜力分析[J]. 资源与产业, 2003, 5(1): 10-14.]
[34] Wei Y P, Langford J, Xia J, et al. Comparative research on water resource management between Australia and China[J]. Resources Science,2009, 31(9): 1 461-1 469.
[35] Wang Shucheng. Safety irrigation in our country facing four challenges[J]. Chinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment,2005, 3:128.[汪恕诚. 我国粮食安全用水面临四大挑战[J]. 中国人口·资源与环境,2005,3:128.]
[36] Liesbet H, Gary M. Unraveling the central state, but how? Types of multi-level governance[J]. The American Political Science Review,2003, 97(2): 233-243.
[1] 原世伟, 李新, 杜二虎. 多主体建模在水资源管理中的应用:进展与展望[J]. 地球科学进展, 2021, 36(9): 899-910.
[2] 张富贵, 周亚龙, 孙忠军, 方慧, 杨志斌, 祝有海. 中国多年冻土区天然气水合物地球化学勘探技术研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2021, 36(3): 276-287.
[3] 贺缠生, 田杰, 张宝庆, 张兰慧. 土壤水文属性及其对水文过程影响研究的进展、挑战与机遇[J]. 地球科学进展, 2021, 36(2): 113-124.
[4] 金荣花,马杰,任宏昌,尹姗,蔡芗宁,黄威. 我国 1030天延伸期预报技术进展与发展对策[J]. 地球科学进展, 2019, 34(8): 814-825.
[5] 刘小茜,裴韬,舒华,高锡章. 基于文献计量学的社会—生态系统恢复力研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2019, 34(7): 765-777.
[6] 张克存, 屈建军, 鱼燕萍, 韩庆杰, 王涛, 安志山, 胡菲. 中国铁路风沙防治的研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2019, 34(6): 573-583.
[7] 王卷乐,王明明,石蕾,高孟绪,陈明奇,郑晓欢,王超,王玉洁. 科学数据管理态势及其对我国地球科学领域的启示[J]. 地球科学进展, 2019, 34(3): 306-315.
[8] 孙小荣,张书毕,吴继忠,郑南山. 基于 SNRGPS-IR技术机理分析[J]. 地球科学进展, 2019, 34(2): 156-163.
[9] 温家洪, 袁穗萍, 李大力, 王璐阳, 张敏, 杜士强. 海平面上升及其风险管理[J]. 地球科学进展, 2018, 33(4): 350-360.
[10] 马乐天, 冯旭文, 李家彪. 海洋技术国际标准化在中国的起步及其实践意义[J]. 地球科学进展, 2017, 32(6): 660-667.
[11] 张平松, 孙斌杨. 煤层回采工作面底板破坏探查技术的发展现状[J]. 地球科学进展, 2017, 32(6): 577-588.
[12] 李青, 雷连发, 王振会, 魏鸣, 李东帅. 雷电流热效应的遥感观测研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2017, 32(5): 481-487.
[13] 孙寅森, 郭少斌. 基于图像分析技术的页岩微观孔隙特征定性及定量表征[J]. 地球科学进展, 2016, 31(7): 751-763.
[14] 孟伟庆, 胡蓓蓓, 刘百桥, 周俊. 基于生态系统的海洋管理:概念、原则、框架与实践途径[J]. 地球科学进展, 2016, 31(5): 461-470.
[15] 杜欣儒, 路紫. 信息通信技术在空域协同管理决策中的应用——以危险天气条件下风险规避分析为例[J]. 地球科学进展, 2016, 31(3): 269-276.
阅读次数
全文


摘要