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地球科学进展  2007, Vol. 22 Issue (2): 167-170    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2007.02.0167
生态学研究     
外来植物刺萼龙葵及其在乌鲁木齐出现的生态学意义
赵晓英1,2,马晓东1,徐郑伟3
1.新疆师范大学生命科学与化学学院,新疆 乌鲁木齐 830054;2.新疆师范大学绿洲研究所,新疆乌鲁木齐 830054; 3.新疆钢铁集团物业公司绿化队,新疆 乌鲁木齐 830022
Non-native Solanum Rostratum and Its Ecological Significance Appeared in Urumqi, Xinjiang
ZHAO Xiao-ying1,2, MA Xiao-dong1, XU Zheng-wei3
1.College of Life Science and Chemistry, Xinjiang Normal University, Urumqi 830054,China;2.Institute of Oasis Research, Xinjiang Normal University, Urumqi 830054,China;3.Revegetation Limited Group of Xinjiang Iron and Steel Company Limited, Urumqi 830022,China
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摘要:

刺萼龙葵( Solanum rostratum )为茄科茄属有严重危害的有毒植物,原产于北美。在美国被列为有害杂草,在加拿大被列为入侵植物,在俄罗斯和我国被列为境内限制传播的检疫杂草。该植物于1981 进入我国辽宁,继而在北京出现,如今首次在乌鲁木齐被发现,说明它的潜在入侵区包括干旱区。文章阐述了刺萼龙葵的主要形态特征、分布与生境、化学成分及功效、危害、进化生物学、在中国入侵危险性评价等方面的研究进展,分析了其在乌鲁木齐出现的生态学意义,提出了有待研究的科学问题,旨在为防止其在干旱区传播蔓延及其开发利用提供参考。

关键词: 黄花刺茄刺萼龙葵外来植物干旱区种群传播    
Abstract:

Solanum rostratum is a prickly annual of the nightshade family and is considered noxious on farms and rangelands. It is a native North American species. It was found firstly in Liaoning province of China in 1981 and was found in arid region-Urumqi of Xinjiang in 2006. This paper previews advances on its description, distribution and habitat, compound and their roles, pollination ecology and potential fatalness invade to China. The paper analyzes the ecological significance appeared in arid region in China and proposed some scientific questions to resolve for the species.

Key words: Solanum rostratum    Buffalo bur    Non-native species    Dispersal    Arid region.
收稿日期: 2007-01-01 出版日期: 2077-02-10
:  Q16  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“新疆砾质荒漠三种锦鸡儿属植物的更新策略”(编号:3066035);新疆师范大学科研基金项目“乌鲁木齐周边野生灌木资源调查及在荒山绿化中应用”资助.

通讯作者: 赵晓英(1963-),女,甘肃金塔县人,副教授,主要从事植物生态学和恢复生态学研究.E-mail: zzhaoxy@163.com     E-mail: zzhaoxy@163.com
作者简介: 赵晓英(1963-),女,甘肃金塔县人,副教授,主要从事植物生态学和恢复生态学研究.E-mail: zzhaoxy@163.com
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引用本文:

赵晓英,马晓东,徐郑伟. 外来植物刺萼龙葵及其在乌鲁木齐出现的生态学意义[J]. 地球科学进展, 2007, 22(2): 167-170.

ZHAO Xiao-ying, MA Xiao-dong, XU Zheng-wei. Non-native Solanum Rostratum and Its Ecological Significance Appeared in Urumqi, Xinjiang. Advances in Earth Science, 2007, 22(2): 167-170.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2007.02.0167        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2007/V22/I2/167

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