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地球科学进展  2006, Vol. 21 Issue (11): 1185-1192    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2006.11.1185
综述与评述     
大洋热盐环流研究的一个焦点:北太平洋是否有深水形成
刘宇1,4,管玉平1,3,林一骅2
1.中国科学院南海海洋研究所热带海洋环境动力学重点实验室,广东 广州 510301;2.中国科学院大气物理研究所大气科学和地球流体力学数值模拟国家重点实验室,北京 100029;3.浙江海洋学院海洋科学学院,浙江 舟山 316004;4.中国科学院研究生院,北京 100049
One Question of the Oceanic Thermohaline Circulation:Whether Deepwater Formation in the North Pacific 
Liu Yu1,4,Guan Yuping1,3,Lin Yihua2
1.Key Laboratory of Tropical Marine Environmental Dynamics, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, CAS, Guangzhou 510301, China;2.State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, CAS, Beijing 100029, China;3. Marine Science College, Zhejiang Ocean University, Zhoushan 316004, China;4. Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
 全文: PDF(257 KB)  
摘要:

现代大洋热盐环流的特点之一是北大西洋有深水形成而北太平洋没有,这种不对称性对周边气候产生了重要影响。尽管理论上认为大洋热盐环流可能存在对应不同气候的多平衡态,但北太平洋是否曾有过深水形成已成为目前学术争论的一个热点。简要介绍了最新的热盐环流研究成果,重点分析现代北太平洋无深水形成的原因,其中亚洲季风的水汽输送和低蒸发是两个重要的影响因子。

关键词: 全球大洋输运带多平衡态北太平洋热盐环流    
Abstract:

One of the characteristics of modern thermohaline circulation is that deepwater produced in the North Atlantic but not in the North Pacific, and this asymmetry has a deep impact on the climate. Theoretically, there are multi-equilibria states of the thermohaline circulation corresponding to different climates. However, whether the deep water was produced in the ancient North Pacific is a debate topic. Reasons of no deepwater formation in the modern North Pacific are introduced. Among others, vapor transport by Asian monsoon and lower evaporation are two major factors.

Key words: Thermohaline circulation    Multi-equilibria states    Global ocean conveyor    North Pacific
收稿日期: 2006-05-24 出版日期: 2006-11-15
:  P733  
基金资助:

广东省自然科学基金项目“风生环流与热盐环流相互作用的气候效应”(编号:5003672);国家自然科学基金项目“太平洋副热带环流圈研究”(编号:90411011); 国家重点基础研究发展计划项目“亚印太交汇区海气相互作用及其对我国短期气候的影响”(编号:2006CB403605);中国科学院南海海洋研究所领域前沿项目“太平洋—南海海洋变率与东亚(我国)气候关系”(编号:LYQY200320)资助.

通讯作者: 刘宇     E-mail: liuy255@scsio.ac.cn
作者简介: 刘宇(1981-),男,吉林梅河口人,硕士研究生,研究方向为大洋热盐环流.E-mail:liuy255@scsio.ac.cn
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引用本文:

刘宇,管玉平,林一骅. 大洋热盐环流研究的一个焦点:北太平洋是否有深水形成[J]. 地球科学进展, 2006, 21(11): 1185-1192.

Liu Yu,Guan Yuping,Lin Yihua. One Question of the Oceanic Thermohaline Circulation:Whether Deepwater Formation in the North Pacific . Advances in Earth Science, 2006, 21(11): 1185-1192.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2006.11.1185        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2006/V21/I11/1185

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