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地球科学进展  2004, Vol. 19 Issue (2): 275-282    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2004.02.0275
综述与评述     
南极冰盖 NO-3 浓度记录研究进展
张明军1,2;任贾文2;孙俊英2;效存德2;李忠勤2;秦大河2;康建成3
西北师范大学地理与环境科学学院,甘肃 兰州 730070;中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所,甘肃 兰州 730000;中国极地研究所,上海 200129
ROGRESS IN THE STUDY OF NO-3 CONCENTRATIONS RECORDED IN ANTARCTIC ICE SHEETS
ZHANG Mingjun 1,2, REN Jiawen2, SUN Junying2, XIAO Cunde2, LI Zhongqin2, QIN Dahe2,KANG Jiancheng3
1. Geography and Environment College of North West Normal University, Lanzhou 730070,China; 2. Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou  730000, China; 3. Chinese Institute of Polar Research, Shanghai 200129, China
 全文: PDF 
摘要:

综述了近年来南极冰盖雪冰中NO- 3浓度的影响因素、NO- 3的来源、沉积后变化及其浓度的时空变化特征的最新研究进展。尽管质子事件、超新星活动、陨石事件、火山喷发和核试验等各种突发事件都可能对南极雪冰中NO- 3浓度产生影响,但综述和模拟结果表明中低纬度对流层闪电和极地平流层来源可能是南极雪冰中NO- 3浓度本底的主要来源。综合研究表明,南极冰盖雪冰中记录的NO- 3浓度可能是其来源、传输路径、沉积过程以及沉积后变化等的综合反映。

关键词: 南极冰盖雪冰 NO-3 浓度来源时空变化    
Abstract:

In recent years, much attention has  focused on the atmospheric nitrogen cycle, the second major biogenic cycle. The study of the remote polar atmospheres may provide new and valuable data for the study of global atmospheric chemistry. Moreover, the chemical analysis of polar snow and ice has proved to be a very powerful tool in investigating polar atmospheric chemistry, In this paper, the latest progress of the possible causes of shortterm Antarctic NO-3variations, the possible sources, the postdepositional changes and the time and spatial changes of concentrations of NO-3 in the firn and ice of Antarctic ice sheet have been reviewed. The review indicates that although some solar proton events, galactic supernovae, Tunguska metor, volcanic eruptions and nuclear tests may influence the NO-3 concentrations in the firn and ice of Antarctic ice sheet, the lightening in the troposphere and the oxidation of N2O in the stratosphere are the main sources of the background of NO-3 in Antarctic ice sheet. The comprehensive research shows that the NO-3 concentrations recorded in the Antarctic ice sheet may be the results of the sources, transmission paths, depositional processes and postdepositional processes of NO-3 in Antarctic ice sheet. Therefore, in order to reveal the environmental meaning of NO-3 recorded in Antarctic ice sheet, great attentions should be given to a synthetical study of the sources, transmission paths, depositional processes and postdepositional processes of NO-3in Antarctic ice sheet.  

Key words: Antarctica    Firn and ice    NO-3    Source    Time and spatial change.
收稿日期: 2003-01-06 出版日期: 2004-04-01
ZTFLH:  P426.63+ 5  
基金资助:

科技部国际合作重点项目“国际合作南极冰盖内陆考察和冰芯研究”(编号:2001CB711003);科技部社会公益项目“南极地区地球环境监测与关键过程研究” (编号:2001DIA50040);西北师范大学知识与科技创新工程项目“西北地区对全球变化的影响及生态恢复重建研究”(编号:NWNU-CJCXGC-02-20)资助

通讯作者: 张明军(1975-),男,甘肃宁县人,副教授,主要从事冰川与环境方面的研究工作.     E-mail: E-mail:zhangmj@ns.lzb.ac.cn
作者简介: 张明军(1975-),男,甘肃宁县人,副教授,主要从事冰川与环境方面的研究工作.E-mail:zhangmj@ns.lzb.ac.cn
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引用本文:

张明军;任贾文;孙俊英;效存德;李忠勤;秦大河;康建成. 南极冰盖 NO-3 浓度记录研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2004, 19(2): 275-282.

ZHANG Mingjun, REN Jiawen, SUN Junying, XIAO Cunde, LI Zhongqin, QIN Dahe. ROGRESS IN THE STUDY OF NO-3 CONCENTRATIONS RECORDED IN ANTARCTIC ICE SHEETS. Advances in Earth Science, 2004, 19(2): 275-282.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2004.02.0275        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2004/V19/I2/275

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